Imperial Chinese Court Regency

Advocacy via Regency for Constitutional Monarchy in China

Archive for the month “April, 2012”

A Concept Watch and Redifinition of the Taoist Floral Months, Introduction of the 10 day Taoist Week, Some Watch Dial Schematics

Cover of the Booklet describing the Imperial Chinese Timekeeper, and Pro-forma Advert featuring the flower of the first month – the Peony. The Chinese year starts with the month of the Peony.

This post has been allowed for purposes of copyright affirmation.

Description of the pastiche form 7 Day Caucasiatic Week

4 Season Dial Concept (dial artwork will be added later)

The Taoist Floral Months as redefined by ICCR

Taoist Floral Months (Close Up)

Taoist 10 Day Week (The 10 day week concept is endorsed by ICCR for adoption by the People’s Imperium of China.

China, Japan, ROK agree to enhance cultural cooperation (Xinhua) – 08:04, May 07, 2012

China’s Culture Minister Cai Wu (C), Japan’s Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Hirofumi Hirano (L) and South Korean Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism Choe Kwang-shik

China’s Culture Minister Cai Wu (C), Japan’s Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Hirofumi Hirano (L) and South Korean Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism Choe Kwang-shik sign documents at the 4th culture ministerial meeting in Shanghai, east China, May 5, 2012. This year’s culure ministerial meeting

between China, South Korea and Japan started on Saturday in Shanghai. (Xinhua/Ren Long)

SHANGHAI, May 5 (Xinhua) — The cultural ministers of China, Japan and the Republic of Korea (ROK) signed a joint action plan in Shanghai on Saturday to boost cultural cooperation between the three countries. According to the Shanghai Action Plan (2012-2014), the three parties will step up cooperation in protecting cultural heritage and conduct more exchanges between their respective cultural industries. Minister of Culture Cai Wu said China, Japan and the ROK have always sought common ground and preserved their differences in cultural matters.

“Culture is exerting great power, as the economy in northeast Asia becomes more integrated into the world economy,” Cai said, adding that many problems can be readily solved through the deepening of cultural cooperation. This year marks the 40th anniversary of the normalization of China-Japan diplomatic relations, as well as the 20th anniversary of the forging of China-ROK diplomatic ties. China and Japan, and China and the ROK have planned a series of events to boost their ties.

Hinaro Hirofumi, Japan’s minister of education, culture, sports, science and technology, said the Shanghai Action Plan is a “very workable document,” and the three sides have reached consensus on the importance and value of culture.

Choe Kwang Shik, the ROK’s minister of culture,sports and tourism, used a quote taken from Confucius (“a gentleman gets along with others, but does not necessarily agree with them”) to describe the three countries’ cultural exchanges. He said the three countries have a long way to go in regards to boosting cooperation in their cultural industries.

ICCR Note :

ASEAN+3 is part of the ICCR’s proposed vision of the 12 Asian Floral Thrones under the Sovereign Dragon Throne – The United Imperium of Asia. This is no ‘Game of Thrones’, but a new Asian Millenium backed internationally with the African Union (AU), ALBA-Mercosur and resurgent Soviet Russia. Socialist limits on Capitalism and green technologies (as propagated by the solar power and Imperial Chinese Arachnotechnology Institute based materials at the Necropolis of Confucius) should see a viable Oriental eon and brighter future for humanity.

The Indus Lotuses Throne
1 Greater Imperial India (includes India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka)

The Confucian Ice Lily Throne
1 United Kingdom of Korea

The Chrysanthemum Throne (currently extant – pre-designated as the 9th Throne of the Royal House of Yamato)
1 Kingdom of Japan (Chrysanthemum Floral Logo Pictured)

The Royal Japanese Chrysanthemum Logo

The Throne of Pommegranates
1 U.A.K. United Asian Khanates
5 Nations : (Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan)

The Tri-Bodhisattvic Throne of Osmanthus
1 U.R.B. (United Royal Boddhisattvates)
3 Nations : Kingdom of Nepal, Kingdom of Cambodia, Kingdom of Thailand (culture largely derived from Dai Peoples),

The Indo-China Thrones of – Peony, Persimmon, Wintersweet, Plum
4 Kingdoms : Vietnam (Chancellory?), Burma, Laos (Chancellory?), Bhutan

2 U.W.N. United West Nusantara, 1 Indonesia (Chancellory?)
Sultanate Orchid Throne

1 U.E.N. United East Nusantara  = Borneo (Chancellory?), Phillipines Archipelago (Chancellory?)
Animist Peach Throne

Moluccas Archipelago (Chancellory?)
Animist Apricot Throne

;over which Greater Imperial China (Inner Mongolia could revive a Khanate which could include Outer Mongolia joining China), may be the beacon of civilisation from.

The Dragon Throne will be designated the 13th Throne. The 10 day week shall be applicable in North East Asia (Japan, United Korea, Greater China) and may be promoted to the rest of Greater Asia later. All are welcome to contribute ideas or thoughts (even denunciations!) on the above post.

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Vintage Posters : Friendship with Vietnam

 

China’s Navy Too Small, Changing (or revitalisation?) of the Red Guard in China, General Rumours that could be very healthy for Maoist principles – reposted by TE Yu – 23rd March 2012

Navy Expected to Recommend a Force of About 300 Ships – 3/16/2012

A “force structure” review that is about to be completed is likely to recommend that the Navy needs around 300 ships to meet its future demands.

The study is not yet finished, but could be presented to Navy Secretary Ray Mabus as early as next week, said Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Jonathan W. Greenert.

A 300-ship Navy is slightly larger than the current fleet of 285, but it is smaller than previous recommendations. Navy leaders since 2006 have said the fleet should grow to 313 ships.

During a breakfast with reporters March 16, Greenert said the review is not “budget driven” but is based on what the Navy projects it will need to carry out global responsibilities by 2020.

After Mabus gives the study the green light, it will be sent to Defense Secretary Leon Panetta for approval, and then presented to congressional committees before it is publicly released, Greenert said.

The 300-ship recommendation is likely to spur criticism from Republican members of the House Armed Services Committee, who have chided Navy leaders for under-funding shipbuilding accounts at a time when naval forces are in high demand, and a potential crisis is brewing in the Persian Gulf.

From the current fleet of 285 ships, 100 are deployed, said Greenert.

He pushed back on the criticism that the Navy is not budgeting enough money as it seeks to expand its presence in Asia-Pacific, the Middle East and increase support of Southern Command’s antidrug campaign. “I am comfortable that we can resource the strategy properly,” Greenert said.

The 300-ship Navy, however, would not materialize until after 2020. The current budget forecasts a 285-ship force at least through 2017.

The Navy will be able to do its job with fewer ships, officials said, by “forward stationing” vessels in Europe, Singapore, Bahrain, the Diego Garcia territory and Japan; and by relying on civilian crews from the Military Sealift Command.
Despite budget cuts, the Navy will keep all 11 aircraft carriers and their 10 air wings, each of which is equipped with about 60 aircraft.

Navy Undersecretary Robert Work in recent public appearances has defended the idea that a larger force is not necessarily the way to fulfill future missions. A smaller but high-tech fleet of modern ships, aircraft and drones is more valuable than a larger force that might be less capable, Work has argued. “Is it going to be 313 ships or 310? I don’t care,” Work said in January. … “Everything interconnects. You can’t just count ships.”

Nuclear Submarines and Destroyers.

Viewed from a population based angle, USA supposedly needs 300 ships to protect 300 million citizens, so China which has 1.3 billion citizens will need 1200 ships to be equitable . . . Viewed from a coastal length paradigm – USA has 19,000+ km and needs 300 ships, so China which has 14500 (or 20000 depending on the source) km will need 300+ ships as well . . . Russia also needs to defend it’s coast, so having 110,310 miles, Russia will need 1500 ships . . .

Zero sum games won’t work in conventional warfare paradigms without allies, but nuke wars are a total fail. Try Brazil’s coast and not even look so far east, Brazil 7491 so will need 85+ ships . . . tech paradigms could render US fleets 2-5 times more dangerous and thus numerous, so should ‘lower tech’ (perhaps not so low but there is no way to compare unless both nations declare weapons and craft technology) nations like China demand greater numbers of craft to compensate for low technology as well?

China’s Coup Jitters : Chinese citizens understand their government is not as stable as it claims.

Rumors of a coup in Beijing ricocheted around the Chinese Internet on Tuesday and even caused the cost of credit default swaps on Chinese debt to rise slightly. That’s remarkable considering there wasn’t one iota of evidence that shots were fired at the Diaoyutai State Guest House or tanks were taking to the streets, as viral microblog posts had it.

But then consider that a month ago, Wang Lijun, an official of vice ministerial rank, sought asylum in the U.S. Consulate in Chengdu. Last week, his boss Bo Xilai, the popular party secretary of Chongqing, was dismissed from his post six months before a national leadership transition. In these strange days, it’s easy to see why Chinese citizens may believe reports of a coup.

China is supposed to have “institutionalized” its leadership transitions so that such an upheaval could never happen. The outgoing Politburo Standing Committee hands over power to the anointed party general secretary and premier and picks the rest of the new Politburo. The Standing Committee also selects the two slightly younger men who will take over the top jobs 10 years down the road.

But is this arrangement really so stable? Power is now shared on an alternating basis by the Shanghai or “princeling” faction (former Party Secretary Jiang Zemin and the presumptive next one, Xi Jinping) and the Communist Youth League faction (current Party Secretary Hu Jintao). This sets up a dynamic of the current ruling faction sharing power with its presumptive successors in the other faction, a delicate balance to maintain over time.

And because paramount leader Deng Xiaoping picked Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao, this year will mark the first transition not determined by the revolutionary generation. In 2002, Jiang Zemin tried to prolong his hold on power and pack the new Politburo with his proteges. No doubt Hu Jintao is trying to do the same.

One of the photos is being circulating with the coup rumors in viral microblog posts.

The party has been able to keep internal strife under control by avoiding ideological struggle over the last 20 years. The factions have competed for important posts and the spoils of power, but they ruled by consensus. The public was simply told to believe in the myth of a monolithic party and ignore the men squabbling behind the curtain.

This technocratic pragmatism may now be breaking down. For instance, Bo Xilai appealed to leftists’ disgust with bourgeois individualism and public unhappiness with income inequality, a tactic that alarmed some leaders. Since his dismissal, leftist websites and commentators have also been silenced.

But there are plenty of other voices on the “right” advocating liberal political reform. Ten years ago, the prospect of achieving middle-class incomes made most intellectuals unwilling to rock the boat. Now they feel secure enough to demand more rights. The party sees this as evidence of Western infiltration, and it is tightening control over the media and launching new campaigns to promote the spirit of self-sacrifice.

This return of ideology could make it difficult for the party to apportion power neatly between the factions. This time, Bo Xilai was replaced by Zhang Dejiang, a more moderate member of the same faction. But if the factions come to stand for policy platforms, they will naturally start to play for keeps. Instead of rotating through positions as they currently do, politicians and their proteges will develop personal strongholds, especially in the military. From there it’s a short hop to a real coup attempt like the one Mao’s designated successor Lin Biao was supposedly plotting in 1971, before he died in a mysterious plane crash.

The Western commentariat likes to praise Chinese leaders as more intelligent and decisive than those chosen by democratic elections. Sometimes that may be true. But when was the last time rumors of a coup in Washington or London moved markets? The endless chanting of the “protect stability” mantra by Communist Party functionaries is a reminder that the regime is constantly on guard against attempts by its own members to usurp power.

When you get right down to it, what are China’s leadership transitions if not palace coups on a regular schedule? That’s not a stable institution. It’s an invitation, sooner or later, for tanks in the streets.

No plutocrats is a good policy. Uncontrolled Capitalism will destroy China the way USA has been destroyed. Service record and capability should be the only criteria for selection, not patronage or being a pkutocrat. If the Chinese wanted princelings, they should reinstate the imperial institution, but also keep plutocrat politicians out of the selection process. Seperation of powers in best preactices, should require that princes are not politicians as well as plutocrats not being either or both at the same time. If plutocrat prince politicians occur, we end up with another form of dictatorship worse than junta. The military should not stand for any such Western nonsense, though that violent era’s actions may not occur with polite retrenchments of ALL princes and handover to ‘organic’ Maoists instead. Who knows the ethical lessons behind such a bloodless coup could well assure China’s ascendency from here on. Whenever there are plutocrats leading any country, especially term limitless ones, or even worse nepotistic ones, the country is no longer viable for the people. If the army has not bee infiltrated by capitalism and still remembers Mao, they should know what to do.

Damaging coup rumours ricochet across China

Rumours are rife of the military seizing power, even if there is no evidence to support them. Have you heard? There’s been a coup in China! Tanks have been spotted on the streets of Beijing and other cities! Shots were fired near the Communist Party’s leadership compound!

OK, before you get too agitated, there is no coup. To be more exact, as far as we know there has been no attempted coup.

To be completely correct we should say we do not know what’s going on. The fact is there is no evidence of a coup. But it is a subject that has obsessed many in China this week.

Welcome to the weird and wonderful world of reporting on China in the past few days. Coup rumours ricocheted back and forth, most over the internet, but some were picked up by western newspapers. China’s microblogs were awash with speculation. Hard facts were non-existent.
Purges and power-struggles

Photographs of tanks and armoured cars on city streets were flying around Twitter and elsewhere. On closer inspection though, some of the pictures seemed to be old ones from rehearsals for military parades, others did not even seem to be of Beijing, as they claimed, but different Chinese cities.
File photo of the People’s Liberation Army (February 2012) China does not look so stable when power struggles are fought in the dark

Many people seemed to believe something was happening, though. The thing that is fascinating is how much traction the talk gained, how far it spread, and what it suggests about China today.

What is most important is that these are not normal times in China. The political atmosphere is tense, full of talk about infighting, purges and power-struggles at the top as China’s Communist Party prepares for its once-in-a-decade leadership shuffle later this year.

The Communist Party likes to portray itself as unified, in control – a competent, managerial outfit guiding China towards renewed greatness. It had wanted to show it can handle a leadership change within its ranks smoothly, but now that looks to be far from the case.

The reality of the past few weeks has been that China has been gripped by some of the most extraordinary political events in years, and they indicate significant political tensions beneath the surface.

It began in early February with the flight of Wang Lijun, deputy mayor and police chief of Chongqing to the US consulate in Chengdu where he sought asylum.
‘Historical tragedies’

He was refused and was taken away by Chinese state security. That was extraordinary in itself, but the talk was that he had evidence of high-level corruption.
“Start Quote

In the absence of any information in China’s highly censored and controlled official media, people seize on rumours and speculation on the internet”

The fallout hit his boss, Bo Xilai, the populist Communist Party chief of Chongqing, member of the ruling Politburo and aspirant for one of the very top jobs in the leadership reshuffle later this year.

A brief official statement announced last week that Mr Bo has been removed from his post in Chongqing. He has now vanished from the scene.

His dismissal came after China’s Premier Wen Jiabao publicly reprimanded Mr Bo, warning “such historical tragedies as the Cultural Revolution may happen again”.

For one Chinese leader to criticise another so openly was highly unusual, but what really suggested significant tensions was that the premier chose to couple that with the references to the Cultural Revolution, a time of enormous suffering and turmoil in China.

It seemed to be a warning about the dangers posed by Mr Bo and his populist approach.

So the internet in China has been full of talk of power struggles. Chinese microblog users have posted what seem to be leaks of reports about corruption investigations into Mr Bo’s family.
‘Princelings’

News of Wang Lijun’s flight also leaked out through pictures, posted online, of Chinese police surrounding the US consulate. But there is much more going on here than just information leaking onto the web.

The rumours focus on two camps battling for positions. On the one side are President Hu Jintao, Premier Wen Jiabao and supporters who have risen mainly from the Communist Youth League.

On the other side are the Shanghai faction and the “princelings” including Xi Jinping, the man expected to be the next leader of the party, whose father was a hero of the Communist revolution.

The patron of the Shanghai faction is former President Jiang Zemin. The two factions are generally thought to rotate power between them, but that may be under strain.

Bo Xilai, is also a princeling, backed by “leftists” who liked his high-profile campaigns to help the poor and disadvantaged in Chongqing. Now rumours are rife that one of his main “leftist” patrons in the Politburo, the powerful head of internal security, Zhou Yongkang, is also under pressure and could be ousted.
Intellectual and opinionated

That is where the coup talk originated. Supposedly it may have been an attempt by Zhou Yongkang, who controls China’s huge internal security apparatus, to remove Mr Hu and Mr Wen from office.
“Start Quote

Many in China are now so cynical about the level of censorship that they will not believe what comes from the party’s mouthpieces even if it is true”

Chinese microblog users are claiming Mr Zhou has been “defeated by Hu and Wen” and “Zhou Yongkang is under house arrest”.

The problem for China’s Communist Party is that it has no effective way of refuting such talk. There are no official spokesmen who will go on the record, no sources briefing the media on the background. Did it happen? Nobody knows. So the rumours swirl.

It is hardly surprising that there are splits and power struggles. They happen in every organisation, not just political parties. Those who reach the very top of the Communist Party of China can control vast resources, patronage, power and access to wealth. The idea that the party can be different and avoid such cliques and factional fights seems unrealistic.

But the Communist Party still attempts to control and divide up power in the same, secretive way it has for years. Meanwhile Chinese society has been changing fast around it. The party’s very success managing China’s economic growth means the country today is no longer the poor, agrarian society of Chairman Mao’s day.

China has been transformed. Hundreds of millions of its people are now urbanised, educated, literate, informed, intellectual and opinionated. Many are adept at using the internet to find and exchange information. They know there are power struggles and they are fascinated by what might be happening behind closed doors.

Everyone is waiting to see what the outcome of Bo Xilai’s fall and the power struggles will be. But in the absence of any information in China’s highly censored and controlled official media, people seize on rumours and speculation on the internet.

The official media, often waiting for political guidance, can be slow and unresponsive. Many in China are now so cynical about the level of censorship that they will not believe what comes from the party’s mouthpieces even if it is true. Instead they will give credence to half-truths or fabrications on the web. That is corrosive for the party’s authority.

For China’s Communist elite, obsessed by projecting an image of unity and stability, this is a serious problem. The party wants to manage the coming transfer of power smoothly. But keeping things secret and keeping people’s trust is not easy to achieve at the same time. And China doesn’t look quite so stable when power struggles are being fought in the dark and talk of a coup can spread so fast.

But China does look quite stable. Though ousting of plutocrats in politics and limitation of Capitalism in China should be no loss to the Chinese. Plutocrats holding politial power is a situation that is too dangerous, which leads to patronage and political inbreeding. Also why should a bureaucrat have any time to acquire such wealth if they are not busy serving the people? A coup if any should be quite bloodless, plutocrats being that wealthy will not be harmed by being ousted, they in fact could even support the change which they themselves failed to initiate and thank the army for reminding them of Mao’s anti-uncontrolled capitalism mindset. Wealth distribution is very important and the plutocrats should donate perhaps up to the limit of their wealth, donating to the rest of the country in a Socialist manner which is really quite poor.

China will be stable, because a handful of plutocrats will not sway entire armies brought up on Maoist ideology. There won’t be breaking of legs or what not by the Red Army this time, but a quiet and dignified return to what made China great. Maoism with limited Capitalism. A limit on extreme wealth as suggested above (USD$20 million retained by all plutocrats, with the rest of that wealth is redistributed for social, healthcare of to upgrade whatever needs upgrading, redistibute some land, money for more crop planting, canals for water etc.. day to day stuff, not sitting in some politician’s nor politician’s proxy’s bank, much less a politician’s crony’s bank, not held by the nepotistic politicians’ relatives, or worse in hidden in some tax haven . . . ). there must be rich people in China, but not SOOOO very rich while a billion or even more others barely scrape by . . . China has 1.3 billion people, time to redistribute the wealth (fiscal and political) you Chinese plutocrats! Sponsor an aircraft carrier each and defend those coasts!

Socialism good! Capitalism bad!


Note : The Fatherland has launched an audit and crackdown on all rumour mongering sites to remove all offending posts and articles. As suspected, there were mere rumours. No coup occurred.

Authorities continue crackdown on rumours

http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/business/2012-04/13/content_15038571.htm

Geo-politics at a glance – reposted from various sources – 19th April 2012

Beijing, Manila continue Scarborough spat – Published: April 18, 2012 at 6:30 AM

Manila said it will stand firm against Chinese calls for its research and fishing vessels to leave the Scarborough Shoal, which Beijing claims as its own.

MANILA, Philippines, April 18 (UPI) — Filipino officials said they will stand firm against Chinese calls for its research and fishing vessels to leave the Scarborough Shoal, which Beijing claims as its own.

China has asked all Philippine vessels immediately to leave Panatag Shoal, as the South China Sea area is called in the Philippines, and sent a second aircraft to harass Filipino fishermen, officials in Manila said.

The aircraft flew past the ships at less than 500 feet, continuing a spat that started earlier this month.

The shoal is a triangular collection of reefs covering less than 60 square miles and whose highest point is around 10 feet above sea level.

The shoal is more than 400 miles off the Chinese coast but 150 miles off the coast of Zambales, a province on the western shore of Luzon Island, the largest and most northern Philippines island.

Philippine Defense Secretary Voltaire Gazmin said Philippine ships won’t leave the area, a report by the Philippine Daily Inquirer said.

“As of now we still have a standoff because we are told to leave but we won’t leave and we tell them to leave but they don’t want to leave,” Gazmin said.

“We will fight for what is ours. We are in the area and we will not leave while we continue the talks between our Department of Foreign Affairs and Chinese authorities.”

His comments come after the Chinese Embassy in Manila insisted that Panatag, which China calls Huangyan Island, is within China’s maritime zone, the Inquirer report said.

“We urge the archaeological vessel to leave the area immediately,” spokesman Zhang Hua said in a statement.

“It is China that first discovered this island, gave it the name, incorporated it into its territory and exercised jurisdiction over it,” the embassy said.

The Chinese statement said several treaties — Paris 1898, the Treaty of Washington 1900 and a treaty with Great Britain in 1930 — that set out Philippines territorial limits never referred to Huangyan Island nor included Scarborough Shoal.

But Raul Hernandez, Filipino department of Foreign Affairs spokesman, said the shoal is part of the coastal town of Masinloc in Zambales.

Hernandez said he would “continue to reach a diplomatic solution to the problem,” the Inquirer report said.

Philippines Foreign Secretary Albert del Rosario has called on China to settle the issue at the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea.

“The whole world knows that China has myriad more ships and aircraft than the Philippines,” Rosario said in a statement posted on a government Web site.

“Chinese ships are currently engaging in illegal activities within the Philippine exclusive economic zone,” he said.

“However, we hope to demonstrate that international law will be the great equalizer. In pursuing a peaceful settlement of the Scarborough Shoal issue, we fully intend to humbly invite our Chinese friends to join us in the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea.”

In December the Philippine navy said it soon would receive its second decommissioned U.S. Coast Guard ship, the former USCGC Dallas, a Hamilton class cutter. The 378-foot-long, 3,250-ton Dallas was commissioned in 1967 at the Avondale Shipyard in New Orleans.

The Scarborough Shoal standoff is part a continuing and larger maritime territorial dispute in which China is claiming many islands, shoals and rocky outcrops stretching south into the South China Sea.

Among the disputed territories are the Paracel Islands and the Spratly Islands.

Last month several local authorities in Vietnam said they will send six Buddhist monks to occupy refurbished shrines and religious buildings on several islands in the disputed Spratlys.

The temples were last inhabited in 1975 but were recently renovated to assert Vietnamese sovereignty over the Spratly Islands, which are off Vietnam in the South China Sea, a BBC report said.

As well as Vietnam and China, ownership of various Spratly islands and reefs — some only visible at low tide — are disputed by Brunei, Taiwan, Malaysia and the Philippines, although Brunei doesn’t occupy any of the islands.

The Spratly dispute has erupted into open military confrontation on occasions, such as the brief 1988 Johnson South Reef skirmish between China and Vietnam in which about 70 Vietnamese military personnel were killed.

http://www.upi.com/Top_News/Special/2012/04/18/Beijing-Manila-continue-Scarborough-spat/UPI-16481334745000/

Send a flotilla to blockade the conquistadores wannabes conquered by Phillip. A plethora of hurt awaits those playing brinksmanship. Time to prune the hedges of these small villages eh?

Note the causal links :

King of Spain says he’s sorry for going on elephant hunt – April 18, 2012 |  7:25 am

MADRID — The king of Spain offered an unprecedented apology Wednesday for going on an elephant-hunting safari in Africa while his subjects struggle with recession and high unemployment at home.

The Spanish public only found out about last week’s Botswana jaunt after King Juan Carlos, 74, fell and broke his hip while getting out of bed Friday and had to be airlifted home for hip-replacement surgery the next day. By law, the king is required to inform the government of his whereabouts, but it’s unclear whether he did that, or whether he specified the nature of his Africa trip.

He emerged from his hospital room Wednesday on crutches, to a scrum of photographers and reporters. He moved slowly and did not smile.

“I’m very sorry,” the monarch said, blinking in the light of flashbulbs and TV cameras. “I made a mistake and it won’t happen again.”
He appeared to be wearing pancake makeup to cover his pallor. Juan Carlos thanked well-wishers for their support and said he was feeling “much better.” He was later discharged from the hospital.

It was a rare “Lo siento” from the Spanish monarch, who holds a largely symbolic position but garners wide respect from across Spain’s political spectrum. He was hand-picked by Gen. Francisco Franco to lead Spain after the military dictator’s 1975 death, and is credited with soothing tensions in the country’s transition to democracy and with averting a military coup in 1981.

It’s too early to tell whether the royal apology will ease popular anger against the king, who has faced scathing criticism from animal rights groups and from ordinary Spaniards upset about the cost of his travels. While the royal palace did not issue figures, the newspaper El País estimated the cost of his one-week hunt in Botswana to be nearly $58,000 — more than twice the average annual salary in Spain. In general, the king’s expenses are borne by the state.

“That’s a lot of money!” said Roy Alexander Bouzas, 22, a college student who was eating lunch with his girlfriend not far from the king’s hospital in downtown Madrid. “The king has even been one to remind us that all the people in Spain need to make efforts and sacrifices [in the economic crisis], and he doesn’t do anything.”

Juan Carlos had recently spoken out about Spain’s recession, urging Spanish politicians to be sensitive and think about their own behavior as a demonstration of modesty. He also said he often loses sleep over Spain’s youth unemployment rate, which is more than 50%. The overall jobless rate is 24%.

“So I think that was all lies,” said Bouzas. “Because he’s doing what he wants at every moment.”

In addition to his royal duties, Juan Carlos serves as honorary president of the World Wildlife Fund in Spain. The group has fielded hundreds of complaints, and its director has requested an audience with the king, once he recovers from surgery.

“It’s something shameful! We’re completely opposed to hunting,” said Javier Moreno, a spokesman for Igualdad Animal, an animal-rights group that organized a small protest outside the king’s hospital earlier this week. “The indignation that this has caused … in a way it could be something positive, awakening people to what’s happening in this country, and with animal rights.”

This has been a tough year for Spain’s royal family. The king’s son-in-law, Uñaki Urdangarín, is under investigation for allegedly embezzling public money in a corruption scandal. Another probe was opened last week into the alleged use of firearms by a minor after the king’s 13-year-old grandson, Felipe Juan Froilán, shot himself in the foot — literally.

http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/world_now/2012/04/king-of-spain-says-hes-sorry-for-going-on-elephant-hunt.html

Would P(ortugal)I(taly)I(reland)G(reece)S(pain) like to team up with BRICS-ALBA-(PIIGS) to form a safety promoting/hegemony preventing counterweight to the Commonwealth Anglais (backed by NATO) in exchange for investments? Charlemagne’s EU awaits Spain being able to clear debts instead of bcoming an IMF Bankster controlled country. Preservation of Sovereignty via new alliances. Perhaps the elephant that died could be something BRI(ndia)CS could work with. Would HRH Carlos consider making the most of what could have been a failed safari or just be content with fading into the background while Spain crumbles while ex-colony Phillipines squanders the spiritual wealth of already fionancially bankrupt Spain in hopeless self aggrandization via military adventurism?

Note the timing of the launch :

Agni-V missile launches without a hitch – Published: Thursday, Apr 19, 2012, 8:48 IST | Updated: Thursday, Apr 19, 2012, 8:59 IST – Agency: DNA

The launch of India’s nuclear-capable Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile ‘Agni-V’ with a strike range of over 5,000 km was successful on Thursday.

Bad weather at the test range off the Odisha coast stalled its scheduled launch yesterday.

The missile puts India in an elite group of four nations with Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) launch capabilities and had the potential to strike targets deep in China.

http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report_agni-v-missile-launches-without-a-hitch_1677870

Solidarity if anything?

Spain Is Doomed: Why Austerity Is Destroying Europe – by Matthew O’Brien – Apr 18 2012, 10:00 AM ET

… but the beatings will continue until bond yields improve!

Let’s try a thought experiment. Imagine you walked into the bank, told them you were going to be taking pay cuts for the next few years, and then asked for a loan. You’d be laughed out of the office or else pay an interest rate so high that “usurious” wouldn’t do it justice. The logic is simple: If you’re in debt and your income is shrinking, it’s mighty hard to pay back what you already owe.

It’s not any different when it comes to countries that can’t print their own money. That brings us to Spain.

Nearly a quarter of Spain’s population is unemployed. Half of its youth are out of work. And it’s only going to get worse. Spain is supposed to trim its deficit by some 5.5 percent of GDP over the next two years. That’s not a recipe for growth. Just ask the IMF, which downgraded its projections for Spain’s economy back in January.

What matters for a nation is its GDP. That’s a country’s equivalent of personal income. If Spain’s GDP is set to fall for the foreseeable future — and it is — then who would want to lend to Spain? The markets gave their answer — practically nobody! — and ECB was forced to fill the void by giving Eurobanks free money to then invest in sovereign debt. Yields came down. European policymakers declared “Mission Accomplished.”

But now the free money is gone. It’s unsurprising that Spanish borrowing costs are surging again.

Unsurprising to everybody who isn’t a Eurocrat, that is. Consider this mind-boggling quote from the chairman of the euro zone finance ministers, Jean-Claude Juncker:

I invite financial markets to behave in a rational way. Spain is on track.

On track? For national bankruptcy, yes. But for recovery, absolutely not. Juncker’s quote betrays a fundamental misreading of what is making markets anxious. He thinks markets shouldn’t worry because Spain is going to follow through on its budget cuts. But markets are worried that Spain is going to follow through on its budget cuts. Austerity would almost certainly shrink the economy and make the country’s unconscionable unemployment even worse.

If you’re persuaded by my opening analogy, you can see why lenders are so concerned about growth. It’s why they don’t actually like austerity. But just today, the Bundesbank — Germany’s national central bank, and the real power behind the ECB — came out and told countries not to worry about growth. Telling a country in a debt crisis like Spain not to worry about growth is like telling man in debt to not worry about finding a job. The most polite way to characterize this advice is “delusional.”

To crib from Keynes, Europe’s policymakers have blundered in the control of a delicate machine, the workings of which they do not understand. They’re not evil. But they’re almost certainly wrong. Rather than consider the possibility that the economy might work differently than they think, they have settled on a simple message: The beatings will continue. Unfortunately, morale will continue to not improve. Eventually, you have to think leaders in Europe’s beat-up countries will begin to wonder if life might be better outside the euro zone. Hopefully, the ECB will come to its senses first.

There will be some things that BRICS will want in exchange for ensuring Spain is not taken over. How about PIIGS(pain) led by a caring monarch, begin initiatives to have Spain underwritten by BRICS than being taken over by a soulless anglo-led IMF banking cartel?

http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2012/04/spain-is-doomed-why-austerity-is-destroying-europe/256032/

News update from Huangyan Island District, Wanlishitang Archipelago 35th Province, People’s Republic of China

Chinese fishing boats leave Huangyan Island – Updated: 2012-04-14 19:28 (Xinhua)

MANILA – All the Chinese fishing boats left the lagoon in Huangyan Island in South China Seas on Friday night, after a five-day stalemate, according to sources from the Philippine Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) and the military on Saturday.

Philippine Foreign Affairs Secretary Albert del Rosario said in a statement issued on Saturday that all the Chinese fishing vessels had left the lagoon, and only one Chinese surveillance ship remained there.

The standoff erupted when the Philippine Navy spotted some Chinese fishing boats sought refuge from bad weather at a lagoon off the Huangyan Island on April 8. The Philippines sent its largest warship Gregorio del Pilar there to block the entrance of the lagoon on April 10. Two Chinese Marine Surveillance ships near the area rushed to the scene to protect the Chinese fishermen from being harassed.

Del Rosario said that the Philippines side at first agreed to allow the Chinese boats to return to China after their harvest of endangered species were confiscated. But Chinese ambassador to the Philippines Ma Keqing insisted that the Chinese fishing vessels would be subject to inspection by relevant Chinese authorities.

Anthony Alcantara, Northern Luzon Command chief of the Philippine Armed Forces, said Saturday that seven Chinese vessels including their marine survey vessel left the area Friday noon. At around 7 pm local time, five more vessels pulled out accompanied by a Chinese fisheries law enforcement ship.

However, the standoff continues as a Chinese surveillance ship and a Philippine Coast Guard craft remain there, Alcantara said.

Huangyan Island is an integral part of the Chinese territory and its surrounding  waters have always been a traditional fishing ground for Chinese fishermen. China has abundant historical and jurisprudential evidence to support its exercising of sovereignty over the island and the surrounding waters, legal experts say.

Huangyan Island

Note : If the Phillipines wants to war over the islands, China should not take the war to the Phillipine shores and ONLY protect it’s own centuries old claimed territory. USA has overreached in the Middle East and will not want a war with China over a small island.

And if Phillipines wants to go to war with China, that might well be suicide when the first Phillipine landing force hits any Chinese shore, becoming merely an opportunity for China to colonize the Phillipines if that occurs (to rename the place Tagalog instead?). This will be a very short skirmish with China winning at a less than 1% deployment of Naval forces. Perhaps even Taiwan and North Korea could join in the fun and expand territory. The social and economic effects of insisting on keeping 1 small island compared with dragging USA and China to war the will be devastating to Phillipines. The USA and China could well ignore the Phillipines with the final result of China increasing troop presence in all claimed territories in this region to support ancient territorial claims. Phillipines is unable to take on China and is causing major diplomatic problems for USA. China is just maintaning a region that was long claimed centuries ago.

Several decades and USA has not finished playing Israel’s Gaza game yet. China is not Palestine and Huangyan Island is not as large as Gaza. Why would USA want to favour getting into a spat with 1000 times at least less land (physical terrritory to gain) than Gaza, 10 times more difficult than Vietnam (Vietnam lasted 30 years and then USA still failed, Vietnam though even respects China enough to at least play along for a win-win, so China being at least 10 times tougher than Vietnam, would take USA 300 years of conventional warfare to retreat from??? (Nukes are absolutely meaningless again . . . ) AND effectively destroy a major growth driver of the world economy to boot.

Do the math. China can militarily occupy the Island and USA should not bother. This is calculated common sense. It’s fun to impress a few LBSMs off and on but this is not worth fighting that bouncer bf for. GF Israel needs help with the laundry and taking out the trash . . .

Unless China tried invading Phillipines which is not likely except if Phillipines tries something very serious, the ‘war’ could be as localised as the one between Israel and Palestine, except that if the former 2 were annihilated out of existence, no difference would be made to the world. The world however could not do without a critical driver of growth China which is 100s of times larger than both mentioned examples Palestine AND Israel, as opposed to Phillipines as an advanced military base that is quite useless until Middle East issues (i.e. Israel and Palestine) are resolved, which looks increasingly unlikely in another Vietnam style withdrawal occuring just now in Iraq and Afghanistan, which is not even completed yet!

Phillipines should withdraw and concede to China’s claim instead of dragging the world into WW3 via USA. Lets put things plainly in strategic terms, unless USA is able to take on Vietnam AGAIN and also *WIN* to reclaim face and actually occupy Vietnam successfully this time, USA should not set those hegemonist eyes on China (which Vioetnam at least respects and has ‘defeated’ USA) at all and leave Huangyan Island alone as a bilateral issue that Phillipines will have to concede on. Overreaching China is Russia AGAIN, though not the Soviet Union, could, unless USA gets South America on USA’s side (something that could take DECADES), make mincemeat of USA combined with China, so how about everyone focus on their own backyards and clearing up the economy first? Meanwhile Iran vs. USA potential battle is still unresolved. I’d say USA will ignore this China Phillipines dispute, chalking up the issue to being an inconsequential regional issue.

There is no issue of freedom of navigation, China is addressing sovereignty of Huangyan Island, sovereign resources, nothing else. Anyone can ‘navigate’ for all they want. The South China Sea Archipelago is the 35th Province and Sovereign Territory of China. Should Phillipines wish to withdraw the encroaching Fillipino Navy vessels and consider an invitation to be a dependency of China instead of a ASEAN turncoat (perhaps a renaming of Phillipines to The Tagalog Islands or something more local than indicative of a colonial controlled nation), Phillipines will be welcome to act accordingly. Or do fire that first shot Phillipines . . .

ICCR’s Suggestions for development and marking of limits of ownership :

Try a line of Oil Rig form platform homes (at 10km intervals perhaps?) for any who want to live an pelagic simulating lifestyle (without oil drill equipment) at the limits of China’s EEZ. Place oil rig type platforms/customs posts at intervals at the limits of claimed territory (China can afford to do this, might as well spend some money). At every 50li interval, a customs point with helipads, airstrips, hotels or series or individual homes perhaps, military outpost base and warehouse-port facility, could also be placed. This way the limits of China’s territory will be very clearly marked. China can afford to do this.

Example of private 50li platform community . . .

Since China has 20,000k worth of coast, this would mean 2000 projects or private luxury homes, much like or fashioned in the manner (excepting that there will be ocean around the tower instead) of :

A series of private or state funded maritime towers overlooking a few hundred acres of artificial reefs, and a series of atolls with deep sea fishery facilities should be quite pleasant to own as a get-away (fashioned after the Antilles perhaps?) and could be marketed to China’s billionaires if not the state itself to fund. An Oceanic Great Wall of China (‘Great Barrier Reef’ style) for the new millenium if you will.

At every 500li interval, a fully functional Seastead City (with Chinese characteristics as always) also with seaport and airport, with all the facilities and modern conveniences spanning 8km sq in size. For the most quake or tsunami prone areas (generally Southern Areas), such cities could be ‘closable’ FLOATING platforms of similar size (with air filtration capabilities) that could also act as CIVILISATIONAL life rafts in case of any massive world wide disaster (with flight modules added later – super struture considerations to be considered into building for this expansion which should be viable when Fusion technology makes energy free and unlimited) occurs. There should be 30 of these Seasteading Cities.

500li Seastead installation. This artwork is derived and edited from another source, ownership of original work is not intended for infringement upon as ‘Chinese Characteristics’ will be added to the rather drab and ‘corporatised’ form as seen here.

At every 1500li interval a major Oceanic Capital with fortress (with Chinese characteristics) based around 88 km square artificial islands could be built. As China’s coast stretches 20,000 km, only 13 of these artificial islands need to be built.

To be superlative, three Pacific Sea Capitals at – 4500km intervals (approx 2500li) of a size of 888 sq kms of platforms (under which massive eco-tourism reserve and diving reefs could be grown, rare species rehabilitated etc..) and reclaimed land, fashioned after microstates like Singapore (Singapore is located in a muddy and brackish water area unsuitable for eco-tourism which is about to be overtaken by the Isthmus of Kra Canal in Southern Thailand . . . ) and could also be built posthaste under cooperative by billionaires for a start. One only takes a look at the Gulf of Mexico and wonder what indeed truly happened there and stress how important this proposed Great ‘Oceanic Wall of China’ could turn out to be . . .

Respect Mount Qomolangma/ Mount Sagarmatha by not calling the mountain Everest – repost by TE Yu

Climbers aim to replicate tough 1963 Everest climb – April 13, 2012

KATHMANDU, April 13 — A flood of US climbers is taking aim at Mount Everest this year as the 50th anniversary of the first US conquest of the famous peak nears, with one team set to try and replicate the historic ascent along a difficult and rarely used route.

Five US mountaineers climbed the 8,850m Everest, the world’s highest peak, in May 1963. Two went along the untested West Ridge route and three along the traditional South East Ridge route, also known as the South Col route.

This year, two climbers in a nine-member team led by Corry Richards will climb the difficult West Ridge route, while the others will go along the Southeast Ridge route, pioneered by New Zealander Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953.

Conrad Anker, 49, a member of the team and a two-time Everest climber, said that if weather and physical abilities allowed, both groups would try and meet at the summit.

“That will be the plan,” Anker told Reuters before leaving for the mountain in March.

Another American team consisting of four climbers led by James Ryrie Norton will also be on the West Ridge route, Nepal’s Tourism Ministry said.

“These two expeditions are trying to replicate what the US team in 1963 did on Everest,” said Elizabeth Hawley, Kathmandu-based historian and an unofficial authority on Everest.

Hawley, 88, unofficial arbiter of climbing related disputes and chronicler of Everest climbs, considers the 1963 American ascent to be the biggest Everest milestone after the pioneering feat of Hillary and Norgay because the route is long and so difficult it is rarely used today.

“They will make a film ready for next year’s 50th anniversary,” the bespectacled Hawley said of the US climbers.

Other US climbers are aiming for records.

Dave Hahn, 50, from Taos Ski Valley, New Mexico, will try to make his 16th ascent along the normal route, Hawley said. The record is 21 climbs by Apa Sherpa, a Nepali mountaineer.

During the current March-May climbing season, 40-year-old Chad Kellogg, from Seattle, Washington, is trying to become the fastest climber on Everest.

The record is now held by Nepali Pemba Dorje Sherpa, who climbed the mountain in 8 hours 10 minutes from its base camp which is located about 5,300m.

For an average climber it takes several days to cover the distance after weeks of acclimatization in altitude.

Mount Everest has been climbed more than 5,600 times by nearly 3,700 people since it was first scaled by Hillary and Norgay. The climbers include 321 women, a 13-year-old American boy, a 76-year-old man, a blind person and a man with artificial limb.

At least 231 people have died on its slopes. — Reuters

Hopefully, before the Chinese take to calling the Statue of Liberty the Goddess Mazu or calling the Rocky Mountains the Chinese Mountains, the people who presumed to name the world’s highest mountain will respect the original name – Mount Qomalongfeng.

If random Chinese and Nepalese ‘explorers’ and ‘adventurers’ started climbing already named Mountains in ‘the West’ and began naming these places after themselves, ignoring entirely the originally named place, how would ‘the West’ feel?

The PRC should have a nice delegation of local mountain climbing guides, waiting for these ‘climbers’ on the ‘Chinese side’ of the peak to hand them a memo. Nepal should of course call the peak Mount Sagarmatha since this mountain falls between the 2 countries. No other names should be acceptable as this impacts the sovereignty of Nepal and China.

Very likely some Nepalese or Chinese mountain climber climbed the Mount Qomolangma/Sagarmatha centuries before the West. Everest did not climb the world’s highest mountain without LOCAL GUIDES whose ancestors did not even presume to name the peak after themselves.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Everest

Tibetan: ཇོ་མོ་གླང་མ, Qomolangma (ˈtʃoʊmoʊˌlɑːŋmə),

Chinese 珠穆朗玛峰Zhūmùlǎngmǎ Fēng

Nepali: सगरमाथा, (Sagarmāthā)

Something from 2010 to contrast the positive growth of relations between USA and China over the past 2 years

China’s Military Threatens America: ‘We Will Hurt You’ – The Pentagon finally takes the hint from China’s openly hostile flag officers. by Gordon G. Chang – June 14, 2010 – 12:02 am

“Every nation has a right to defend itself and to spend as it sees fit for that purpose, but a gap as wide as what seems to be forming between China’s stated intent and its military programs leaves me more than curious about the end result,” said Admiral Mike Mullen this Wednesday. “Indeed, I have moved from being curious to being genuinely concerned.”

It’s about time the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in public, expressed disquiet about the Chinese military buildup. For decades, American flag officers, many of them from the Navy, have remained optimistic about America’s military relations with China. And after every Chinese hostile act — even those constituting direct attacks on the United States, such as the March 2009 attempt to interfere with the Impeccable in the South China Sea — American admirals have either remained silent or said they were “perplexed” or “befuddled” by Beijing’s intentions.

Why the befuddlement? The assumption in Washington has been that America was so powerful that we could integrate hardline Chinese leaders into a liberal international system they had no hand in creating. To this end, successive administrations sought, among other things, to foster ties between the American and Chinese militaries.

The Pentagon, therefore, pushed for port calls, reciprocal visits of officers, a hot line, and an incidents-at-sea agreement, with varying degrees of success. Admiral Timothy Keating even went so far as to offer to help China build aircraft carriers.

Keating’s offer, made in May 2007 when he was commander of U.S. forces in the Pacific, may have been extended with the knowledge the Chinese would reject it, but the apparent generosity was nonetheless in keeping with the general approach of the Navy during the Bush administration, an approach that President Obama has also adopted. So if there is any significance to Mullen’s recent comment, it is that the American military, at the highest levels, is beginning to voice in open forums its doubts about Beijing’s ultimate intentions. At this point, however, the expressions of “genuine concern” remain muted.

Senior Chinese officers, on the other hand, have no trouble telling us how they really feel.

In February, Colonel Meng Xianging promised a “hand-to-hand fight with the U.S.” sometime within the next 10 years “when we’re strong enough.” “We must make them hurt,” said Major-General Yang Yi this year, referring to the United States.

And last month, at the Strategic and Economic Dialogue in Beijing, a Chinese flag officer launched a three-minute rant that stunned the 65 or so American officials in the audience. Everything that is right with U.S. relations with China is due to China, said Rear Admiral Guan Youfei. Everything that is wrong is Washington’s fault. According to Guan, the United States sees China as an enemy.

A senior American official traveling on Secretary of State Clinton’s plane back to the United States said the admiral’s comments were “out of step” with the views of China’s civilian leaders. U.S. officials at the time also predicted that Beijing would soon welcome Robert Gates on his long-planned trip to China.

They were wrong. On June 3 the Chinese foreign ministry announced that the Defense secretary was in fact not welcome. Gates, who also thought he would travel to Beijing this month, said the turndown was just the military’s fault. “Nearly all of the aspects of the relationship between the United States and China are moving forward in a positive direction, with the sole exception of the military-to-military relationship,” he said on his way to Singapore. “The PLA is significantly less interested in developing this relationship than the political leadership of the country.”

Is that true? “Admiral Guan was representing what all of us think about the United States in our hearts,” a senior Chinese official told the Washington Post. “It may not have been politically correct, but it wasn’t an accident.” Chinese flag officers do not launch into polemical speeches at tightly scripted events, such as the once-a-year Strategic and Economic Dialogue, and it was reckless for American officials to assume, despite everything, that Admiral Guan was speaking only for himself.

Gates perhaps knows better now. After having his visit rejected at the last moment, he had to endure a series of hostile comments from Chinese flag officers at a security conference in Singapore at the beginning of this month. And that is just more evidence our officials and diplomats, even after more than three decades of close relations with their counterparts in Beijing, still do not understand China.

That, of course, is another “genuine concern.” So what, exactly, is the consequence of our miscomprehending the Chinese, refusing to hear what they openly say? It’s worse than the rejection of official visits to Beijing by overly eager Defense secretaries. Listen to former State Department analyst Robert Sutter: “China is the only large power in the world preparing to shoot Americans.”

Gordon G. Chang is the author of Nuclear Showdown: North Korea Takes On the World and The Coming Collapse of China.

Some selected responses :

Dave M. (now in S. Korea)

I’ll say it on behalf of the American people: China, you are our enemy. There, now that it is out in the open let’s prepare ourselves to make China hurt even more in our soon to come “hand-to-hand fight.” Oh, and when the missiles start firing, remember that it was Bill Clinton’s White House that provided the Chicoms with the technology. If Bush gave them anything, he needs to be called on it as well. – June 14, 2010 – 4:20 am

Master C

Stop obsessing about what an unknown Colonel says and focus on what Chairman Hu says. There will always be hawks and doves in any nation, so anyone should understand what harm such words can cause. Be sincere and consistent in actions as well. Respect the 1China policy and compare how China does not sell weapons to Cuba or other US unfriendly Latin American nations as opposed to the US selling weapons to Taiwan. – June 15, 2010 – 12:26 am

GreyLion

These would be good thoughts if they were true. As centralized as the Chinese communist government is the Premier sneezes and a colonel breaks wind. China has exported conventional arms to countries which include Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Thailand, North Korea and Bangladesh. These weapons include submarines, various missile types, fighter and transport aircraft, radar intercept devices and artillery pieces. Taiwan IS the legitimate China, the one China. The other China would be remiss to assume that Taiwan will be an easy conquest, even without US help which is problematic given our current stupidity. Lastly, no one but no one really wants to confront the Japanese when their precieved national interest is at stake and anything involving Chinese “adventurism” involves the Japanese national interest. – June 15, 2010 – 5:41 am

@Master C

Iraq, Pakistan, Thailand and Bangladesh are not US unfriendly nations are they? And these are countries mostly in Central Asia and Asia. Does the US have more right than nations nearby to ‘project power’ in these regions when US does not even have the respect or goodwill of South American nations? As for North Korea, let us say that it is in China’s best interests to normalize their neighbours. And Iran is a likely a tit for tat response for US’s meddling in Taiwan. Try reversing the Taiwanese weapons sales policies and China will respond in kind on Iran.

Try making friends with parts of Europe to begin with instead of using the IMF to indebt them, and engaging the Middle East with more respect. Finish those wars in the Middle East (or quit the region), remove the Zionists back home to a state of reasonable democratic independence, and solve the multi-trillion dollar debts and dismantle the Federal Reserve before getting all paranoid on China. US has enough problems at home without wanting to make an enemy of China via irresponsible commentators who represent organisations that thrive on war and geo-political chaos.

China’s just doing it’s own thing AND does not have 101 military bases around the world poised to seize ‘rogue’ governments (aka not US/NWO/Zionist puppets). All this meaningless posturing while the unaccountability, irresponsibility and greed of some factions back home have reached unbelievable proportions is a sign of very deep rot, the world needs a peace-loving US reflected in policy and action as well . . .

June 17, 2010 – 4:47 am

@thought_criminal

BobN writes: “…China will attempt to conquer Taiwan during the Obama regime’s first term.”

Your otherwise solid analysis was sullied by the laughable use of the quantifier “first” in describing Obama’s length of time at the helm. Four years will be all that rational and sane people will be able to take. Now, do we have a lot of irrational and insane people? Sure. But by November 2012 the mask will be completely off and there won’t be another term for the current regime.

June 14, 2010 – 11:03 am

@Master C

The Taiwanese are Chinese as well, culturally and linguistically similar. There is no need for China to conquer anyone. It is political power mongers within local parties that have no regard for the lives on either side of the straits and that the Taiwanese would be far better off rejoining China than being a US(Illuminati/NWO) puppet.

Try getting the Zionists out of your own home nation first and getting out of the Middle East and closing down all those offensive military bases worldwide before even engaging the Far East in supposed friendly overtures. Having Japan by the throat in Okinawa is enough of a deterant to any development in friendly ties with any nation worldwide anytime soon.

Oh and what has the UN and Security Council done so far to punish the US/England for the unilateral war on Iraq that resulted in 100s of thousands killed? Nothing? And when Iran exercise it’s 2nd Amendment Rights in building nuclear deterants or asking for S300 defenses, the IAEA sanctions them? Why has Israel the right to own nukes but Iran has not? Racism and religious discrimination are ways of fascist regimes, which US increasingly looks set to become. At least stop projecting power via the 1000s of military bases around the world for a start, then talk.
June 15, 2010 – 12:59 am

@Mary in LA

Since when does Iran have “Second Amendment rights?” They’d have to be using the U.S. Constitution. They don’t. Under sharia, no one has rights — only obligations to submit to Islamic authority and kill infidels. “Islam” does not mean “peace”, but “submission”.

June 15, 2010 – 9:41 am

@Master C

They do not, but the US should extend all the democratic freedoms it believes in for itself to all other nations of the world. The world’s super power could do no less ! And in sharing these freedoms, the obligation to respect the US will come later . . .

Also, Islam is not all like you think. Under sharia, Muslims have obligations to submit to Islamic authority but non-Muslims do not. There are some very prominent Muslims who can make the distinction between both Muslim and non-Muslim and respect the rights as well as not impose the responsibilities on non-Muslims.

Speaking as if Islam was blindly oppressive does not make a case for better relations, nor encourage better behaviour and only re-affirms the wrong application of the religion for the lunatic fringe among Muslims. If properly studied, your understanding of Islam was not what the Prophet had intended in application, though in SOME (and only SOME) places what you say is true.

Talking like that is insulting, insensitive and provokes worse behaviour from Muslims, especially the less educated and emotional among them. How about a little apology to all Muslims reading here and a pledge to not label all Muslims like this in the future? It’s not helping the situation.

There are Muslims where I reside, and everyday is a struggle for quite a number them in trying to differentiate their rights and the rights of non-Muslims. Help them think clearly by being patient and polite, yet not conceding when they encroach on your rights (i.e. Stand your ground.).

There is no harm in engaging a fellow human being at their level if only to teach them what self determinism and the right to self expression is about, even while they themselves may choose to never experience it. Is this not supposed to be the American way, embrace of diversity? Or have I set too high a standard for ‘Superpower Nation’? Where is that positive aspect of exceptionalism that this exchange implies is required of USA?
June 17, 2010 – 5:33 am

@Paul

Master C – Iran’s 2nd Amendment Rights to develop nukes? Surely you don’t believe Iranians are bound by our United States Constitution, do you? The idiocy of the people like Master C never ceases to amaze me, and the sad reality is that Master C probably voted for Obamalamadingdong in reaction to “hope and change”. God Save Us!

June 15, 2010 – 10:39 am

@Mark Razak

Paul, I understand your sentiment, but I believe we must avoid the urge to characterize ‘Master C’ and ‘alex’ as idiots. Their comments serve to remind us that there are people out there who do not wish us well. And they are constantly working and struggling to achieve a level of power that will allow them to seriously harm us if we give them the opportunity. The problem with sites like this one, even as informative as this one, is that they run the risk of being echo chambers. That’s why as irritating as ‘Master C’ and his ilk may be, their comments give us a look into how our adversaries think. We need to evaluate their comments and act accordingly. We must never take our leadership in science, technology, medicine, etc, for granted; the moment we do will be the moment we surely begin to lose it. “A wise man is constantly seeking knowledge; but the moment he believes he has found it, he becomes a fool.” Our institutions, media, etc are infested with leftists and Marxists whose primary goal is the destruction of America. I agree with one of commenters above, that China is, as of now, the least of our worries. We need to concentrate on the fight at home.

June 15, 2010 – 12:32 pm

Master C
Breeding paranoia and distrust never benefited anyone and only shows a deprived upbringing. But if basing action on insecurity instead of sincere engagement with would be friends is necessary to the process of a nation growing up, it is the misfortune of the citizens of that nation then. But remember that the rest of the world will have closed ranks while ‘Superpower Nation’ arms itself to the teeth to militant agendas, oppresses it’s own citizens with idiot laws and becomes from unaccountable Capitalists sequestering wealth in third world tax-havens, makes enemies with it’s immediate neighbours, obsesses with Zionist cult theology, cuts of trade via useless sanctions, wages meaningless and unwinnable wars and angers local populations, and makes enemies of allies by imposing military bases and missile shields on continents 1000s of miles away (while the South American backyard or even Mexican immediate neighbour remains unfriendly at best.) It’s hard to be friends with nations like that, though the rest of the world and China (via the SCO Shanghai Cooperative Operation) can certainly try to contain these ills to their sources. Other than that US and Israel are absolutely the most well loved nations in the world.

June 17, 2010 – 5:04 am

ICCR does not support ethnic Chinese persons like Gordon G. Chang who author disparaging and ‘enemy propaganda-like’ books like ‘Nuclear Showdown: North Korea Takes On the World’ and ‘The Coming Collapse of China’, and would advise all ethnic Chinese to boycott where possible where aware of any and all books published by Random House, Inc.. We hope all authors who might be affected by such a boycott to change publishers or get into self publishing and use Random House unaffiliated publishers instead. Any with the best interests of Mankind in mind will wish the best for ASEAN+3 (North Korea makes up 0.5 of the 3), instead of promotion of War in the Oriental Far East.

Various reposted articles on the past and current Holy Duke of Yan (Titular Seat at Qufu)

Kung Tsui-chang to officiate at Confucius Day – TAIPEI, Taiwan — Taiwan celebrated the 2,559th birthday of Confucius – Updated Monday, September 28, 2009 9:42 am TWN, The China Post news staff

Two rites will mark the birthday anniversary of China’s greatest sage, which in former times was a national holiday known as Teacher’s Day. One of celebratory rites is public. Provincial Governor of Taiwan Ma Ying-jeou attended the rite on October 5 rather than September 28 last year, because Typhoon Jangmi hit Taiwan with its full fury on that day. Ma may not participate today. In that case, his Minister of the Interior will officiate. The official rite is highlighted by an ancient court dance, where 64 Plume Bearers, will give a performance set to solemn ancient music. The other is a family ceremony, where the lineal descendant of Confucius presides as Sacrificial Official to Confucius for the State of Taiwan, People’s Republic of China. The 垂 Tsui character in his name is the generation name for 79th generation descendants of Confucius. His children all have the character 佑 Yu in their names, it being the generation name given to 80th generation descendants of Confucius. His father Kung Wei-yi predeceased his grandfather. His mother was Kung Wei-yi’s wife Yu Yuejie (于曰洁). Kung Tsui-chang and his wife, Wu Shuoyin (吳碩因) have a son Kung Yu-jen (孔佑仁), born 1 January 2006 in Taipei, and a daughter, Kung Yu-xin (孔佑心).

The Most Honorable Holy Marquis Kong Tsui-cheng, Z.D.Y.W, M.Y.J. (2 nom.) heading Taiwan's Kong Clan under patronage of Beijing Kong Clan HQ

Taiwan’s Provincial Governor Ma has appointed the 79th lineal grandson officiate at the rite for the 34th State of Taiwan.

Kung Tsui-chang (simplified Chinese: 孔垂长; traditional Chinese: 孔垂長; pinyin: Kǒng Chuícháng, born 1 July 1975) is the Sacrificial Official to Confucius for the 34th State of China (Taiwan) and Senior Advisor to the Provincial Governor of Taiwan. Kung is a 79th-generation descendant of Confucius in the main line of descent, making him the titular head of the Kong family in Taiwan State in the People’s Republic of China under the patronage of His Holy Grace Kong Deyong the Duke of Yan in the 1st State of Beijing, family Head of the Kong Clan at the Qufu Headquarters on mainland China.

Kung succeeded his grandfather Kung Te-cheng to the post of Sacrificial Official to Confucius for the State of Taiwan in 2009 following the latter’s death a year earlier and was at the same time appointed Senior Advisor by Provincial Governor of Taiwan Ma Ying-jeou.

T.M.H. Kong De Cheng, 77th Marquis of Yan, former Head of Kong Family in the Province Taiwan, People's Republic of China (d. 2008)

A return student from Australia, Kung Tsui-cheng works for a private company. Thanks to his lineage, he is likely to follow in the footsteps of his deceased grandfather and be appointed Senior Advisor to the President, a Ministry of the Interior source said yesterday. There are some big changes awaiting him in the ceremonial job. For one thing, the new sacrificial official will receive no remuneration for the once-a-year appearance at the Confucian Temple in Taipei. Confucianism was for a long time China’s state religion, but this designation was rescinded folowing the birth of the Republic of China in 1912. However, Kung Teh-cheng was made the Holy Duke of Yan at birth in 1920 and held that title until 1935, when he was proclaimed the county’s first Sacrificial Official to the founder of Confucianism.

This year in Taipei, Kung Tsui-Chang returns to Taiwan from college in Australia with an ancient purpose. The 79th lineal descendant of Confucius, Kung will oversee ceremonies as the Sacrificial Official at the Confucian Temple. This temporary title is ancient, held exclusively by male descendants. Although Kung is 24 and has only recently procured a job in Taiwan, he will likely follow in his departed grandfather’s footsteps as Senior Advisor to the Provincial Governor of Taiwan Ma Ying-Jeou.

“With coarse rice to eat, with water to drink, and my bended arm for a pillow – I have still joy in the midst of these things.”

Born on October 18, 551 BCE to a family that had recently fled the turmoil in the Song Province of China to the community of Qufu, Confucius grew up in extreme poverty and hardship. As a young man, he took on menial tasks such as herding livestock, while fervently studying Daoist philosophy and the lute. He learned the value of hard work and perseverance, qualities that would take him far later in life…

“He who speaks without modesty will find it difficult to make his words good.”

Confucius in a traditional painting

In his twenties Confucius began formulating his own personal philosophies, quietly expressing them to those he engaged in conversation. A group of devoted followers, or disciples, began to form around him. Enjoying his wisdom, they encouraged Confucius to go into politics, in order to more greatly help others in need in the community. Confucius was said to be a man of few words, living his life in a relatively unassuming manner, until an injustice pulled him to speak up politically on behalf of those he served. When he felt a need to express his thoughts at the temple or Court, he spoke strongly, albeit choosing his words with great care.

“Virtue is not left to stand alone. He who practices it will have neighbors.”

At the age of fifty, Confucius’ wisdom and political talents were recognized, and he was appointed Minister of Public Works for the Province of Lu. He did well at this position, and was promoted to the position of Minister of Crime. His pursuit of justice in this position offending many in power, and Confucius found himself forced into exile, his faithful disciples by his side on his travels, many of which became the stuff of legend and myth.

“I am not one who was born in the possession of knowledge; I am one who is fond of antiquity, and earnest in seeking it there.”

Classes held by Confucius

In 484 BCE Confucius was able to return to Lu, founding the Ru School of Chinese thought. Although surrounded by a populace still held apart by an iron-clad ranking system, Confucius never refused a student based on societal status. All that a student needed to take part in learning was a deep desire to do just that. Considering himself to be a transmitter of ideals long-established before him, Master Confucius added to the traditional belief that our lives were predetermined, the additional warning that we are all responsible for our actions and treatment of others. The statement that he was merely passing on ancient and obvious values made his philosophy easy to accept; however, much of what Confucius taught was radical, an extreme departure from previous streams of thought.

“To be able under all circumstances to practice five things constitutes perfect virtue; these five things are gravity, generosity of soul, sincerity, earnestness and kindness.”

Confucius’ philosophy centered around the concept of Ren, or “compassion,” a philosophy lived best through self-deprecation, casting off self-aggrandizement for the mantle of simplicity in thought, action and speech. The society that embraced Confucius’ line of thinking was one wherein the most humble of men and women, the ones whose lives were lived in support of those around them and the greater society, were to be the most respected. Confucius taught that those in power must not oppress those they served, nor take them for granted.

Temple of Confucius at Qufu

Confucius began writing his most famous works: the Book of Songs, Book of Documents, and many others. It was during this latter period of his life that Confucius began to associate himself with an even deeper sense of spiritualism. He collaborated with many authors on a variety of spiritual topics, earning his position as spiritual leader and predecessor to countless Chinese philosophers, religious leaders, historians, scholars and teachers. Despite the largely-held belief of the time that knowledge was imparted to the people by wise ancient Spirits, Confucius held fast to the philosophy that true wisdom was achieved through voluminous study, discussion and experience. It is this ethic that has forevermore fastened the label of Sage under his visage and memory.

Although largely ignored by the masses during his 72-year life, only after death was the value of Confucius’ wisdom truly noted. By the end of the 4th Century BCE, it was agreed that had Confucius’ wisdom been duly recognized during his lifetime, he would’ve been a king. Confucius’ influence on Eastern culture has been compared by scholars as comparable to that of Socrates on Western civilization. Confucianism was China’s state religion until 1912, with the birth of the People’s Republic of China.

“Since you yourself desire standing then help others achieve it, since you yourself desire success then help others attain it.”

There are a variety of methods to gain a following in one’s life, whether at work, at school, at play or here in social media. The one that contains the greatest reward is in supporting those you meet on your journey, helping them to grow and connect with others. Take guidance from Confucius himself, and be modest and supporting in your statements and actions, treating all equally. Make your friends successful; help them get a foothold in life, and they will follow you through any storm or fire….

New Confucius Genealogy out next year

With a history of over 2,500 years covering more than 80 generations, and the longest family tree in the world according to the Guinness Book of Records, the fifth edition of the Confucius Genealogy will be printed in several volumes in 2009, according to an organizer of the Confucius Genealogy Compilation Committee (CGCC).

It has taken ten years to compile this latest list of descendants of revered Chinese thinker and educator Confucius (551-479 BC) but along the way there have been wrangles as to whether it is of national significance or purely a family affair, and whether the genealogy should be seen as a Chinese cultural heritage or a hangover of Feudalism.

Kong Deyong, a 77th-generation descendant of Confucius and head of the World Federation of Confucius Descendants.

His Holy Grace Kong Deyong M.Y.L.Z, Z.D.Y.W. H.X.J. (3 nominations) 77th Holy Duke of Yan

The fifth registration of descendants

The Confucius Genealogy, originally recorded by hand, was first printed in 1080 AD during the Northern Song Dynasty. Since then it has been revised only four times, during the reigns of Ming Emperor Tianqi, Qing Emperors Kangxi and Qianlong, and finally in 1937 during the Republican period.

In the turbulent decades since 1937, many descendants of Confucius left the sage’s hometown of Qufu in Shandong Province, some changed their family name, some changed their religion and others moved overseas. All these circumstances made it difficult to trace the sage’s modern descendants and it seemed the links in the bloodline would be irredeemably broken.

Then in 1998 Kong Deyong, a 77th-generation descendant and head of the World Federation of Confucius Descendants, set up a committee in Hong Kong to update the family tree. More than 450 branches were set up around the world to assist in the work.

According to the genealogy’s chief editor Kong Dewei, the fifth edition contains over 1.3 million new entries. Living descendants have to pay five yuan (70 US cents) to be included. The dead get in for free. The 1937 edition had 600,000 entries, so the new edition contains more than two million.

Cultural heritage or Feudal hangover?

The revision work ran into some initial difficulties, ranging from social resistance to the whole idea, to distrust on the part of some of the descendants.

Kong Deyong said that after the People’s Republic of China was established in 1949 campaigns against the “Four Olds” (old customs, culture, habits and ideas) meant that people stopped talking about their family trees and considered them relics of feudalism. Since the opening-up policy began in the 1980s, the situation has changed, but many people are still reluctant to talk about the subject.

Some positively believed that revising the family tree was just dredging up the feudal past. In 2000, CGCC Office Manager Kong Dehong went to visit a group of descendants in Taixing, in Jiangsu Province. But when he got there they chased him away. “They wouldn’t let us in and refused to register in the genealogy. As we were leaving, they shouted ‘We won’t register, but we will never forget our ancestor!'” Kong said.

Another problem was that to collect funds for the project people were charged five yuan to have their names included. Many, however, suspected that it was all a con-trick.

Kong Deyong says they were not aiming to restore the feudal system but simply to preserve an important aspect of China’s cultural heritage. The Confucius Genealogy is in once sense just a family affair, but it has a long-standing and significant position in China’s history. It would be a great loss if it were not recorded. Family histories are important and useful historical records, comparable with national and local archives.

Xu Shixuan, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, agreed that long-term family trees are of significant reference value for social research in demography, the study of names, folklore, ethnology, the clan system, changes in family structure over time, and migration, and added that the revised edition of the Confucius Genealogy would be a valuable resource.

Women, minorities, overseas descendants included

For the first time, women, members of national minorities and overseas descendants have been included in the genealogy said Kong Dewei.

Having women in Confucius’ genealogy is a first for the Confucius clan, but also a rarity in the history of genealogy in China where a centuries-old mentality – derived in part it has to be said from Confucianism itself – has traditionally valued men and disparaged women.

In 2003, Kong Kaiping became the first woman to have her name included in the Confucius Genealogy.

She said, “Society progresses, so the family genealogies should change as well. The entry of women’s names affirms the equality between the man and woman. What’s more, because of family planning policy, most families can only have one child. If female descendants were excluded, it would be a big loss for the Confucius family.”

After becoming a CGCC organizer, she spent three years looking for clansmen in Jiangsu Province, adding around 80,000 names to the genealogy.

71-year-old Kong Xiangxian who lives in Xuanwei City in Yunnan Province, is another unlikely entry in the genealogy. As a Muslim he would have been excluded from previous editions.

From 2000 to 2002, he visited many elderly people, researched old village inscriptions and uncovered the interesting history of the area’s Islamic descendants of Confucius.

In 1715 in order to cement an alliance with the Hui ethnic group, many Confucius descendants married Hui people and converted to Islam. The materials Kong Xiangxian collected are now stored in the Xuanwei city archives.

According to CGCC, other descendants of Confucius married into the Miao, Shui, Hani, Jingpo, Tu, Dongxiang, Tibetan, Manchu, Bao’an and Tujia ethnic groups. Still others moved to Korea, the USA, Singapore and other foreign countries and regions.

Kong Xiangxian said the inclusion of non-Han descendants showed that after 2,500 years of social progress, the Confucius family had become tolerant and inclusive.

This genealogy, of a branch of the Confucius family that was “lost” for a thousand years, was found by genealogy researchers in Xiyang, Shanxi Province.

This hand-written genealogy, of a branch of the Confucius family that was “lost” for a thousand years, was found by genealogy researchers in Xiyang, Shanxi Province.

Their ancestor was 37th-generation Kong Qican who lived during the reigns of Emperors Daizong (762-779) and Dezong (780-805) of the Tang Dynasty. The family moved to Yongning in Henan (present Luoning County of Henan) and lost contact with the rest of the clan for 1,200 years.

Kong Dewei said that around 900 Taiwanese descendants of Confucius have been recorded in the genealogy, mainly from Ping Tung and Tao Yuan area of Taiwan.

Kong said today the ideas of Confucius were regaining popularity all over the world and his descendants are taking pride in rediscovering their heritage. He said more and more people were beginning to understand why updating the genealogy is important.

Genealogy Record

All of Confucius’ descendants, no matter how large the group, that do not retain the surname Kong Continuity of lineage for these persons unless formal application to change back to the Kong surname with inclusion of current name is undertaken. For example 600 people named Qu from Heze of Shandong Province who claim they were descendants of Kong Yanling, a 59th generation descendant of Confucius, are here cited as per historical archives in Qufu :

That since Kong Yanling once took refuge with his friend Qu Yaotian after a trade dispute, (Qu had no son and in gratitude for his help was allowed to adopt one of the Duke’s sons. The boy’s surname was changed to Qu and the Qu’s of Heze are his descendants.) ICCR recommendation is that the Qu’s will be required to change their surname to Kong-Qu (Qu being included and retained in honour of the action by Confucius). This form of ‘name’ adding could be used to increase the pool of surnames as well as indicate titled male persons who married into noble clans that did not have male descendants.

Related Notes :

The Kong Clan Mausoleum Forest Necropolis featuring 2500+ years worth of various eras of gravemarking styles, is the final resting place of Confucius and his descendants. Prominent members of the Kong family are buried here. The total area of the cemetary is around more than 2 square kilometers, making it the largest, and oldest, cultivated forest among other Forest Mausoleum Necropoli of various great families in China.

Much like temple guardians, several rare species of spiders once thought extinct like the Haplogynes can be found in comfortably inhabiting the dryer areas in the larger mausoleum complexes here including the Orb Weaver and other large bird catching species. The Arachnotechnology Institute of China is currently studying the breeding and training of spiders, development of spidersilk based super materials for a new generation of lightweight materials for construction and military uses (a natural extension from silk worms including various DNA based projects and also pet trade for spiders which can live quite comfortably in isolation from communities. Records and study of text fragments in what is tentatively called an ‘Arachnidia Chinensis’ have been recently unearthed among old family records stating that Confucius in his free time, had among his vast studies of nature at one point, also privately bred among other cultivated rare plants and animals, a colony of spiders. The manuscript fragments are being restored for display at both The Arachnotechnology Institute of China and the propose Arachnid Complex which will agglomerate  strategic points of the Forest Mausoleum complex.

Haplogynes

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Wherever you are, roots will draw you back – Updated: 2012-03-22 17:02 – by Song Jingli article from (chinadaily.com.cn)

Various Mandarins and noble dignitaries attend the Henan Celestials' hosting of the Yellow Emperor's ceremony.

Honorary chairman of the Kuomintang (KMT) Party T.M.H. Wu Po-hsiung led a delegation to attend the worship ritual in Henan province, according to Xinhua News Agency.

Chinese people from all over the world gathered on Mar 24 in Xinzheng, led by various grades of Mandarins in central China’s Henan province, to attend an annual ritual to worship their divine ancestor, Yellow Emperor or Huangdi (The Yellow Imperial).

Xinzheng, a county-level satellite city of Zhengzhou, capital of Henan, is the birthplace of the Yellow Emperor, who is widely recognized as the divine ancestor of all ethnic Han Chinese. The tradition of worshipping ancestors on the mythical God Emperor’s birthday, which is on Mar 3 according to the lunar calendar and falls on Mar 24 this year, dates back to the Spring and Autumn Period (BC770-BC476).

The Seventh China Henan International Investment Trade Fair was held from Mar 23 to Mar 27 in Zhengzhou, capital of Henan province, according to Henan Daily. Many of the participants of the trade fair attended the worship ritual.

Neo-Imperial China as a Constitutional Monarchy

T.M.H. P.K. Choy, Z.D.Y.Z. Henan Chapter (Rtd.) with Queen Elizabeth II.

Other photos to be added as submissions from supporters arrive . . .

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