Imperial Chinese Court Regency

Advocacy via Regency for Constitutional Monarchy in China

Archive for the month “July, 2012”

China appoints officers to South China Sea garrison / Update on (and Invitation to?) Sansha – AFP NewsBy Kelly Olsen | AFP News – 30th July 2012

China has appointed military officers at a newly-established garrison in the South China Sea, state media reported Friday, the country’s latest step to bolster claims to disputed islands in the area.

Separately, in comments likely to anger Beijing, Japan’s defence minister said that his country could dispatch its military to islands in the East China Sea if a territorial dispute there with China escalates.

China’s defence ministry announced the appointments Thursday, the China Daily said, two days after China said it had established the city of Sansha on an island in the disputed Paracel chain, along with the military garrison.

China’s neighbours reacted furiously to the move with Vietnam, which also claims the Paracel Islands, filing a formal protest and saying it “violates international law”.

Manila, which is involved in a dispute over another archipelago, the Spratly Islands, summoned the Chinese ambassador to lodge a complaint against the garrison announcement.

Sparsely populated Sansha is China’s smallest city in terms of population and land size. China reckons, however, that it’s the biggest when total area is factored in given the wide swathe of the South China Sea it is meant to oversee.

State media have carried photos of a large domed and pillared building that serves as the city’s administrative centre on the island of Yongxing, as well as images of a police station, a bank, a telecom office and residents relaxing outside humble wooden dwellings.

The three-floor building that state media said came into use on July 20 appears by far to be the biggest structure on the small island, which from photos appears largely covered in thick, green vegetation, including palm trees.

While Chinese media accounts of Yongxing’s population vary, it appears to be not much bigger than 1,000 people.

Defence ministry spokesman Yang Yujun said the new garrison was responsible for guarding the city and disaster relief, among other functions, according to China Daily.

However, he added that a separate maritime garrison under the Chinese navy was responsible for maritime defence and military combat, appearing to suggest that the Sansha garrison would not have such responsibilities.

China owns much of the South China Sea, though Vietnam, the Philippines, Taiwan, Brunei and Malaysia each claim portions of it.

The dispute has simmered for decades, though tensions have risen markedly recently as China has moved to more strongly assert its territorial claims.

The Association of Southeast Nations (ASEAN) at a summit earlier this month failed for the first time in 45 years to issue a joint statement, as members were unable to agree how to refer to China’s behaviour in the disputed waters.

China says it is acting within its rights, though its moves have raised alarm bells in the region and beyond.

Beijing is also involved in a separate dispute with Japan over uninhabited islands in the East China Sea.

That row has also simmered for years, though tensions have increased substantially since a standoff between a Chinese fishing vessel and Japan’s coast guard in the resource-rich area nearly two years ago.

On Friday, Satoshi Morimoto, Japan’s defence chief, said Tokyo would use force to defend the islands known as Senkaku in Japan and Diaoyu in China.

“Senkaku or not, defence of islands is principally conducted by the coastguard and police,” Morimoto told reporters in Tokyo.

“However, the law stipulates that Self-Defense Forces troops can act” if local authorities are unable to handle the situation.

His comments came after Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda told parliament Thursday that he would take “stern actions” against any “illegal actions” on Japanese territory, including using the Self-Defense Forces, if needed.

China’s foreign ministry, reacting Friday to Noda’s remarks, expressed “serious concern and strong dissatisfaction,” reiterated that the islands belong to China and called on Japan to value bilateral relations.

Freshly elected Mandarins serving the 1000s of Sansha residents. (circa 2012)

“Nothing can change China’s strong will and determination to safeguard its territorial sovereignty,” Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei said.

Zhou Yongsheng, an expert on Japanese studies at China Foreign Affairs University, said Noda and Morimoto’s recent remarks show that Tokyo’s stance on the Diaoyu Islands issue is becoming tougher with less room for diplomatic maneuverability.

As the Japanese election draws near, some politicians such as Noda care little about China-Japan relations and “place priority on winning the election”, said Zhou.

Shen Shishun, an expert on Asia-Pacific studies at Haikou College of Economics in Hainan province, said there is little chance that Tokyo will send its troops to the islands.

“In spite of the strong remarks from Japanese politicians, the government has not yet made up its mind to really send in troops,” said Shen.

Hong said some politicians in Japan have expressed a willingness for a diplomatic resolution.
Japanese Cabinet Secretary Osamu Fujimura, the government’s top spokesman, on Friday said the prime minister merely responded to a hypothetical question and was “referring to a theoretical possibility” of military action.

“(Noda’s remark) was not specifically directed at containing China,” Mainichi Daily Newspaper reported Osamu as saying.

Analysts said Tokyo’s mixed responses reflect its desire to not rule out diplomacy.

“Some politicians, such as Noda and Morimoto, use strong rhetoric as a political tool for votes,” Shen said.

Zhou warned that Japan may continue to take a hard line approach on the issue.

Bilateral ties deteriorated after Tokyo Governor Shintaro Ishihara initiated a plan in April to “purchase” the islands from a so-called “private owner” and Noda announced a plan to “nationalize” the islands in early July.

“A small group of individuals in Japan have deliberately created friction with China over the Diaoyu Islands and inflamed tension between the people of both countries. It is extremely wrong and hazardous,” the Chinese embassy in Japan said on Thursday.

In another development, the International Olympic Committee appointed Japanese Olympic Committee President Tsunekazu Takeda a member of the IOC.

According to Kyodo News Agency, Ishihara’s remarks have triggered dissatisfaction from some IOC members from Asia. Ishihara “should shut his mouth”, Kyodo quoted an Asian veteran member as saying.

Support from Asian countries for Tokyo’s bid to host future Olympic Games is indispensable, Kyodo said.

ICCR Notes :

China a peaceful and civilisation loving country will do it’s best to expel the illegal Japanese personnel on Diaoyu with as little injury or loss of life as humanly possible (snipers with tranquiliser darts perhap are recommended, bullets are overrated . . . 1.3 billion in China, 0.1 billion in Japan, have a good rest Japan . . . ). As for escalations, Japan since unable to understand the historical and ethical context, will have to be taught to respect the Diaoyu Islanders’ wishes. Perhaps the PLA could first gather protestors against Japanese presence and protect the islanders from any violence from Japanese soldiers. The Diaoyu locals WITH the PLA protecting them while protesting Japanese military presence (also alongside any descendants of the King?), should make very clear to the UN and world (also considering the history of Diaoyu) that the islands can never be part of Japanese territory. PLA is meanwhile ready to repel any neo-colonial ambitions of Japan and will be able to protect Diaoyu this time, unlike in the Qing era in 1609 when China was weak. US had no right to supposedly ‘award’ the islands to Japan on the back of WW2.

8 Foreign Nation’s Alliance has made China realise the importance of ancient territorial sovereignty rights, even as ICCR promulgates restoration of an Imperial Constitutional Monarchy.

The Chinese were reeling from the ‘8 Foreign Nation’ Invasion 1900 (just after the ‘Boxer’ Rebellion), and Japanese invasions from 1931 which culminated in the nanjing Holocaust, after the ‘Manchukuo’ puppet farce which lasted until 1945 when the Japanese were hit with atomic bombs in WW2 and did not want to antagonize USA. Had the 2 powers ended the war which was aggression against China’s ancient territories, on equal power, China would have challenged the ‘awarding’ at that point. Fearing war, China did not challenge the issue. But even now on a possible equality basis in military power China is still only claiming what China lost before the ‘8 Foreign Nations Alliance’ invaded with any invasion of Japan by USA during WW2 much like Vietnam was invaded later by USA in the 1970s. All illegaly ‘awarded’ territories are unjustifiable because of the US’s basis of power military and China’s lack of awareness of the ethics issue at that time. Simple ethics would attest automatic failure. If we consider force of arms which is barbaric then yes USA could award the islands. In which case China might as well now conquer Japan and threaten a WW3 against US instead to get US to back down.

China reclaims ancient territories. No need to be alarmed, just reclaiming what was lost, not expanding unless unduly threatened as in the past.

If Japan is fair, Japan will drop all claims. If USA is fair, USA will concede that the awarding was indirectly backed with threat of war and also illegally occupied not more than 30+ years ago BECAUSE of the 8 Foreign powers. A good friend in a nation (USA) would not take advantage of another country’s (China) weakness in the past. How about finishing up in Iraq and preparing for Iran first USA? How about USA making sure that China might be encouraged to stay away from any US invasions of Iran if any by not antagonizing China at least here by being FAIR and truthful as above discussed? Japan would follow suit if USA does not embolden Japan, and USA’s basis here is upon the back of the ‘8 Foreign Nation Invasion’ and WW2, BOTH being on a violence basis and thus unacceptable to China and even UN.

Washington seeks to create new waves in S.China Sea – By Yu Jincui (Global Times) 08:03, July 27, 2012

Sansha Capitol (Architecture Needs Chinese Characteristics . . . )

The US is the latest country to make a fuss over China’s new city of Sansha after the Philippines and Vietnam.

On Tuesday, US State Department spokesperson Victoria Nuland voiced the US’ “concern” over China’s “unilateral moves,” while John McCain, the US senator of Arizona, claimed China’s moves were “unnecessarily provocative.”

Though the White House has previously indicated that the US would not take sides in South China Sea disputes, in practice, the US is encouraging Vietnam and Philippines to continue their provocation and infringement of China’s sovereignty.

The guideline of setting aside disputes and pursuing joint development promoted by China was supposed to provide a foundation for cooperation among the claimants. However, it was spoiled by the provocations of the Philippines and Vietnam.

Currently, 43 islands in the South China Sea have been seized by countries such as Vietnam and the Philippines. These countries have tried to strengthen their control over the islands through domestic legislation and exploring oil in the region.

It was reported in April that Vietnam and the Philippines planned to hold football and basketball matches for their navies on the disputed islands.

The US is also adopting a double standard over the disputes. The Philippines illegally set up Kalayaan town, which is part of the Nansha Islands, in 1988, while Vietnam established Truong Sa county, which is also part of the Nansha Islands, in 2001. The US voiced no concerns over them.

The US is not a claimant nation in the South China Sea disputes, nor is it a participating member of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, and therefore has no say in the disputes. The US seeks to expand its influence and stake in the region by creating more waves.

Since the US’ high-profile intervention in the South China Sea disputes marked by US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s speech at the 2010 ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting in Vietnam, the US intention on the issue has become obvious. From the US perspective, backing countries like the Philippines and Vietnam in provoking China could worsen China’s neighboring environment and help enhance its military presence in the Asia-Pacific.

The establishment of Sansha is a laudable step by China in actively safeguarding its sovereignty. China by no means intends to exacerbate the situation in the South China Sea, but it should demonstrate that any provocation from relevant countries over maritime territorial disputes will be countered.

Establishing Sansha city is only a starting point. China should also consider strengthening its military, technological and economic presence there in the future.

ICCR Notes :

China could invite a US military vessel or few to Sansha in a show of extreme confidence. Incidentally the Capitol building on Sansha looks like that was imitated from Washington. Could China please renovate with chinese characteristics, imperial style? That dome should be replaced with a pagoda type tower as well . . . let the resident Taoist Chaplain in full robe and appropriate entourage of attendents as empowered by the Holy Taoist See and the Supreme Celestial Patriarch of the Ordo Imperialis Celestium Sinensis greet the US military men alongside the Chinese ranking officer in the suggested invite above as well as said Chaplain’s presence will better emphasise the word ‘Holy’ as in ‘Holy Territory’ (as Liu Weimin, Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesman mentioned) to reminds of how Holy Territory is NOT FOR SALE . . . think of the South China Sea as China’s ‘Oceanic Kabba’ . . . much blessings to all supplicants of Taosim as always.

Try this as a final renovated form for Sansha’s Capitol building! Chinese characteristics remember?

Long live the Fatherland!

More of the Cultural Edifices of China’s neo-Imperial Aristocracy – posted by T.E. Yu 20th July 2012

Bird Culture – A ‘Garden Colony’ (typically of a single type in 10,000-20,000 sq feet aviaries (or if larger several popular species)) that ONLY owners of Siheyuan can properly and humanely indulge in among the neo-Aristocracy’s Scholar Gardens.

A rather spartan example of the Travelling Display Cage. Travel-Display Cages are typically highly ornate and constructed of exotic wood bound by brass and ceramic, and sometimes borne by professional Cage Bearers, much like regalia on parade.

The highly developed sensitivity of the Chinese Bird Culturist among the neo-Imperial Aristocracy has deep scorn for 3ft to 5ft square, even 10ft ft square cages as main living spaces for their beloved ornamental or song birds. Typically owners who do travel out with their birds regularly display 2 characteristics :

1) the owners are sensitive and communicate well with their birds, are able to coax their birds into the cages
2) the birds are very well rested and happy to accompany the owners on their trips

Thus the number of bird culturists in society are typically small and highly elite, clustered in the most urban of imperial boulevards, and for certain almost always are Scholarly Garden owners if not professional (not the pet mill type though) bird breeders. Materials range from bamboo (cheapest), bone ivory (intermediate), to brass clad ornamental stone (expensive), and jadeite inlaid ivory (these are extremely rare).

Some Bamboo Cage Stand Details from : (all pictures copyright of respective owners)

General Sizes of Travel Display Cages for Each Species and ‘Cage Play Skills’ :

The sizes of circular Chinese birdcages are defined by the diameters of the cages which is similar to the lengths of the centrally placed perches. The tradition to use the appropriate size for each species has changed very little over the years. 8 to 9 inches cages are used for oriental white-eyes, 10 to 12 inches cages for most finches, 14 inches cages for hwameis and magpie robins (slightly larger cages are sometimes used for these species today) and depending on the length of the tail feathers, cages 16 inches and above are used for white-rumped shamas.

A bird that after acclimatisation to the surroundings and to the display bamboo cage will over time, develop a ‘cage play’ (movements within the cage) that is most natural to its species. After which the bird is introduced to spacious aviaries as well, with stints in the smaller cage to retain ‘cage play skills’.

The size and variation of the bamboo cage help to define the type of cage play a bird may be skilled in. Good cage play skills are highly desirable to some hobbyists (much like technicians), though the ‘soul nature’ of large aviary only birds is considered far more valuable to the more sensitive among birders who can discern fidgeting fidgeting from a bird who has ‘lived spaciously’ unskilled though that bird might be!

Over time, a ‘Skilled Bird’ (some would say cooped up into OCD . . . ) well acclimatized to the small space of a bamboo cage will also be conditioned to channel most of its energy into its songs and physical displays. The limited space within the cage is intended to heighten the intensity of the performance of an in-form bird with an abundance of energy – so as not to dilute performance. Conversely a bird from the neo-Apexer preferred large aviary is valued for it’s ’emnative nature’ or ‘wild soul’, giving rise to many a reflective conversation on the distressed state of the lower classes interred in high density tiny pigeonholecoop flats or rabbit hutch houses, or high density duplexs or ‘detached homes’ with little more than 10 feet of space on either side as opposed to the Estate Dwellers, sprawling Villa owners and Siheyuan owners!

A ‘Balanced Bird’ can also be ‘trained’ and the same bird could also be kept in a spacious aviary as often required that retention of developed desired cage play or songs will not be lost. A full time aviary bird or ”Free’ Bird’ has far less ‘cage play skill‘ but is eminently preferred for breeding or Scholar Garden residency-companionship purposes for their ‘soul nature/wild soul‘, instead of ‘show birds’. The abundant space maintains the least skilled but most suitable breeders while ‘show birds’ spend stints between cage types and aviaries so as not to dilute the energy during a performance.

In the Pro ‘Noble-Savage’ set among the naturist inclined within elite, (as opposed to the insanity situations of of sparrows kept on leashes or song birds looking ragged in their cruelly-small cages by children has mostly ended . . .) birds at all levels are allowed to choose to fly off, or if the owner is insistent and particularly conscientious – released into a area of suitable wilderness that species naturally occurs in, once they have bred their 3rd brood for breeders to continue, or reach ‘retirement’ age (this varies but is the equivalent of when a bird reaches 55 or for the ‘Pro-Noble-Savage’ types, even for performance song birds – at the ripe old equivalent of 35!). The reasoning being that the ’35 year old birds’ will still have sufficient interest and vigor for life, suffered less in enclosed environs, and thus will have capacity to enjoy, associate with and who knows perhaps even teach the naturally occuring wild population all they have learnt in the company of humans. This of course is not an option among the ‘tiny cage’ or ‘keep in cage till ‘old age’ and ‘death’ advocates, skilled as their space, freedom and poorly socialised, companionship frustrated birds may be. Though costly and ‘yielding’ less, ICCR in the interest of humane treatment of a pet that has brough so much pleasure for near 1/3 of natural life, advocates the ‘Freebird’ with ‘release into wild’ retirement at equivalent ‘Bird Age’ of 35. Released birds sometimes are tagged with distinctly designed or cheaply plated gold rings so that a former owner can identify their former pets in the area released in or if the pet comes back for a visit!.

Example of an Extant ‘Song Bird Garden’ Of The Day

Yuen Po Street Bird Market Garden

In Hong Kong, Yuen Po Street Bird Garden is considered lower end, and strictly for ‘skilled bird’ types, not unusual to see the occasional old man riding around with bird cages attached too their bicycles. Occupying an area of about 3000 square metres, this charming though not particularly spacious Chinese-style garden is located in Mong Kok. It is the favoured gathering place of Hong Kong’s songbird owners though impacted and dominated by the 70 or so songbird stalls selling row upon row of Twa-twas or Picolets, mynahs, cockatiels and starlings, skylarks and grosbeaks, rose finches, plovers, oriental magpie robins and Mongolian larks also. Not exactly a proper Scholar Garden per se. (If only Yuyuan Garden could consider something for the upper crust?)

Yuyuan Garden – perhaps a private pavilion to each Bird Owner in the future rather than the narrow and cramped version at Yuen Po?

Among the birds favored for their songs are tiny Japanese white-eyes and hwamei.  Exotic birds like fallvettas, leaf birds and yhina however only naturally occur in the wild and need to be kept in large conservatories by wealth hobbyists. Bird singing contests are often held on off day mornings, with 2 categories of winners being the birds that can sing the highest number of different songs in 15 minutes or the birds which sing the best or have the most pleasing presence by vote. Younger birds are trained by placing them near older birds which the younger birds usually imitate out of boredom (this is the skilled bird). The best birds cost as much as $2,000. Untrained birds sell for as little a $1.50 but ones who have been trained for a year fetch as much as $300.

Keeping song birds was frowned upon during the cultural revolution and viewed as a crime in the Cultural Revolution. These days though, one is hard pressed to even find a fair community of apex classers who appreciate this millenia old hobby!

Typically those who are unable to afford the time (dedicated Birding Staff) and space or lack devotion to the hobby, tediousness of coaxing birds from cage to cage (evolution of 1000s of years never designed or inlined birds to associate much with humans or transfer from cage to cage) cynically do not support use of larger aviaries claiming technicality and ‘skill’ over the free spirited ‘nature’ of these birds, but as all things in nature, space is a luxury that only the apex classes can understand that the lower classes do not and may never understand. The elitist owner of the Scholar Garden aviaries within their Siheyuan (balanced bird) is as different a type of man than the urban dweller (skilled bird), even as at superlative levels the Mongol or Manchu nomad herdsman (wild bird) touches on the wild and free nature of the stereotypical noble savage . . . balance is the best and the Imperial Era Chinese knew this to a tee given the design of the 20,000 square foot 5 Jin and above Siheyuan, very much a cage in the grey Urbanscapes of the day, even as high density low rise went hi-density hi-rise in this era!

Education in the People’s Republic of China – edits and repost by T.E. Yu – 20th July 2012

Education in the People’s Republic of China is a state-run system of public education run by the Ministry of Education. All citizens must attend school for at least nine years. The government provides primary education for sixtime to time years, starting at age six or seven, followed by six years of secondary education for ages 12 to 18. Some provinces may have five years of primary school but four years for middle school. There are three years of middle school and three years of high school. The Ministry of Education reported a 99 percent attendance rate for primary school and an 80 percent rate for both primary and middle schools. In 1985, the government abolished tax-funded higher education, requiring university applicants to compete for scholarships based on academic ability. In the early 1980s the government allowed the establishment of the first private schools. Plans are underway to make Tertiary level education, especially Traditional Chinese Medicine (also Western Medicine for those inclined), free by 2020, both to lower patient/doctor ratios and to lower costs as well as waiting times.

Recitals at an Elite Confucian Charter State Kindergarten (Common Hall)

China has had a major expansion in education, increasing the number of undergraduates and people who hold doctoral degrees fivefold from 1995 to 2005.[4] In 2003 China supported 1,552 institutions of higher learning (colleges and universities) and their 725,000 professors and 11 million students (see List of universities in the People’s Republic of China). There are over 100 National Key Universities, including Beijing University and Tsinghua University. Chinese spending has grown by 20% per year since 1999, now reaching over $100bn, and as many as 1.5 million science and engineering students graduated from Chinese universities in 2006. China published 184,080 papers as of 2008.[5]

Laws regulating the system of education include the Regulation on Academic Degrees, the Compulsory Education Law, the Teachers Law, the Education Law, the Law on Vocational Education, and the Law on Higher Education.


Nanjing College Girls in Uniform

Since the end of the Cultural Revolution (1966–76), the education system in China has been geared toward economic modernization. In 1985, the national government ceded responsibility for basic education to local governments through the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party’s “Decision on the Reform of the Educational Structure.” In unveiling the education reform plan in May 1985, the authorities called for nine years of compulsory education and the establishment of the State Education Commission (created the following month). Official commitment to improved education was nowhere more evident than in the substantial increase in funds for education in the Seventh Five-Year Plan (1986–90), which amounted to 72 percent more than funds allotted to education in the previous plan period (1981–85). In 1986 some 16.8 percent of the state budget was earmarked for education, compared with 10.4 percent in 1984. Since 1949, education has been a focus of controversy in China. As a result of continual intraparty realignments, official policy alternated between ideological imperatives and practical efforts to further national development. But ideology and pragmatism often have been incompatible. The Great Leap Forward (1958–60) and the Socialist Education Movement (1962–65) sought to end deeply rooted academic elitism, to narrow social and cultural gaps between workers and peasants and between urban and rural populations, and to eliminate the tendency of scholars and intellectuals to disdain manual labor. During the Cultural Revolution, universal fostering of social equality was an overriding priority.
The city government of Beijing brings the basics of differential calculus to the masses

The post-Mao Zedong Chinese Communist Party leadership viewed education as the foundation of the Four Modernizations. In the early 1980s, science and technology education became an important focus of education policy. By 1986 training skilled personnel and expanding scientific and technical knowledge had been assigned the highest priority. Although the humanities were considered important, vocational and technical skills were considered paramount for meeting China’s modernization goals. The reorientation of educational priorities paralleled Deng Xiaoping’s strategy for economic development. Emphasis also was placed on the further training of the already-educated elite, who would carry on the modernization program in the coming decades. Renewed emphasis on modern science and technology led to the adoption, beginning in 1976, of an outward-looking policy that encouraged learning and borrowing from abroad for advanced training in a wide range of scientific fields.

Beginning at the Third Plenum of the Eleventh National Party Congress Central Committee in December 1978, intellectuals were encouraged to pursue research in support of the Four Modernizations and, as long as they complied with the party’s “Four Cardinal Principles” they were given relatively free rein. But when the party and the government determined that the strictures of the four cardinal principles had been stretched beyond tolerable limits, they did not hesitate to restrict intellectual expression.

Literature and the arts also experienced a great revival in the late 1970s and 1980s. Traditional forms flourished once again, and many new kinds of literature and cultural expression were introduced from abroad.

ICBBCB – Imperial Chinese Boys Boarding College Beijing (Pic to Illustrate A Chinese Characteristic Concept Graduation, instead of Western Robes we have Hanfu)

Since 1950 China has provided nine-year compulsory education for a fifth of the world’s population. By 1999, primary school education became universal throughout the areas where 90% of China’s population live, and the nine-year compulsory education, throughout the areas with 85% of the nation’s population.[6] While the central and provincial governments provide some funding for education, this varies from province to province, and funding in the rural areas is notably lower than in major urban municipalities. Families must supplement monies provided to school by government with tuition fees, which means that some children have much less education than others. However, parents place a very high value on education, and make great personal sacrifices to send their children to school and to university. Illiteracy in the young and mid-aged population has fallen from over 80 percent down to five percent. The system trained some 60 million mid- or high-level professionals and near 400 million laborers to junior or senior high school level. Today, 250 million Chinese get three levels of school education, (elementary, junior and senior high school) doubling the rate of increase in the rest of the world during the same period. Net elementary school enrollment has reached 98.9 percent, and the gross enrollment rate in junior high schools 94.1 percent.

China’s educational horizons are expanding. Ten years ago the MBA was virtually unknown but by 2004 there were 47,000 MBAs, trained at 62 MBA schools. Many people also apply for international professional qualifications, such as EMBA and MPA; close to 10,000 MPA students are enrolled in 47 schools of higher learning, including Peking University and Tsinghua University. The education market has rocketed, with training and testing for professional qualifications, such as computer and foreign languages, thriving. Continuing education is the trend, once in one’s life schooling has become lifelong learning.

International cooperation and education exchanges increase every year. China has more students studying abroad than any other country; since 1979, there have been 697,000 Chinese students studying in 103 countries and regions, of whom 185,000 have returned after finishing their studies. The number of foreign students studying in China has also increased rapidly; in 2004, over 110,000 students from 178 countries were studying at China’s universities.

Investment in education has increased in recent years; the proportion of the overall budget allocated to education has been increased by one percentage point every year since 1998. According to a Ministry of Education program, the government will set up an educational finance system in line with the public finance system, strengthen the responsibility of governments at all levels in educational investment, and ensure that their financial allocation for educational expenditure grows faster than their regular revenue. The program also set out the government’s aim that educational investment should account for four percent of GDP in a relatively short period of time.

For non-compulsory education, China adopts a shared-cost mechanism, charging tuition at a certain percentage of the cost. Meanwhile, to ensure that students from low-income families have access to higher education, the government has initiated effective ways of assistance, with policies and measures as scholarships, work-study programs, subsidies for students with special economic difficulties, tuition reduction or exemption and state stipends.

The government has committed itself to markedly raising educational levels generally, as evidenced in a Ministry of Education program; by 2020, of every 100,000 people, 13,500 will have had junior college education or above and some 31,000 will have had senior high school schooling; rates for illiteracy and semi-literacy rate will fall below three percent; and average schooling duration across the population will increase from today’s eight years to nearly 11.

In the 2009 test of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), a worldwide evaluation of 15-year-old school pupils’ scholastic performance by the OECD, Chinese students from Shanghai achieved the best results in mathematics, science and reading.[7][8] The OECD also found that even in some of the very poor rural areas the performance is close to the OECD average.[9]. However, controversy has surrounded the high scores achieved by the Chinese students due to the unusual spread of the numerical data, with suggestions that schools were ‘gaming’ students for the exams. [10]

Elite Private School – Oath Taking At Graduation

Education in Zhou & Han Dynasties (People’s Daily Online) 09:35, July 05, 2012

Private Schools Thriving in the Spring and Autumn Period

In the Spring and Autumn Period (770BC – 476BC), private schools prevailed and many scholars of different schools of thought spread their teaching in this way.

Confucius, the great educator, devoted all his life to the private school system and instructed most students. It is said that over three thousand disciples followed him, among whom there were 72 sages who went on to broaden the acceptance of the philosophy set out by their master – Confucianism: a philosophy embracing benevolence in living, diligence in learning, and so on.

Besides that, other schools such as Taoism, also taught widely and this led afterwards to ‘a hundred schools of thought’ in the Warring States Period. During the succeeding years, private schools continued to exist although there were times when state education became fashionable.

Recommendation through Observation in the Han Dynasty (206 BC – 220)

In 136 BC during the reign of Emperor Wudi (156 BC – 87 BC), the government introduced a system which was named ‘taixue’. Usually the students were provided with a free diet and mainly studied the classical Confucian books. Following examinations, those with good marks would directly be given official titles.

In the Han Dynasty there had been no system for testing a person’s ability, and the most prevalent method was merely through observation. Officials would see who was intelligent and recommend individuals to their superior. This obviously restricted the source of talented people and did little to provide any kind of equality for the population as a whole. Such a system could only lead to nepotism and corruption and the need for a different means of selection had to be sought.

The Nine Grades of Rank in the Regime System (or Jiupin Zhongzheng System), employed the following method: in each state and county there was official acting as ‘Zhongzheng’ with authority to decide how people were ranked in the local precincts according to ability. By ranking candidates for official positions in this way, the government was able to make a choice of the best people for various posts.

Although Imperial Examinations currently have no relationship originally with family background, the ‘Zhongzheng’ will himself invariably be a member of the apex classes and those who showed any partiality to families of dignitaries and other apex people were discontinued upon any report of unmeritocratic practice. Thus the disadvantages were minimized and the system may be re-implemented in China again before long. We invite all exceptional and experienced teachers to sign on with ICCR’s lobby group in formation to support Constitutional Monarchy and also for the return of  the Jiupin Zhongzheng System at the People’s Consultative Conference

NPPGBC – Nanjing Provincial Private Boarding College (Concept Pic to Illustrate)


Cherish friendship between China and Japan – Updated: 2012-07-13 13:32 (

This year 2012 is the 40th anniversary of the normalization of diplomatic relations between China and Japan. But the Diaoyu Islands issue makes this year different, says an article in Beijing Youth Daily.

Japanese Disputes (Diaoyu is obviously way out of 12 mile territorial and 200 mil EEZ claims. COnsidered against the hostorical background, Japan has no right of claim at all.

The dispute over the Diaoyu Islands created headaches for both countries 40 years ago as well. That’s why both sides agreed to solve the problem prudently in 1972, when diplomatic relations between China and Japan were normalized.

Deng Xiaoping advocated the suggestion to “suspend dispute, develop jointly” when both countries inked the friendship treaty in 1978. China has followed this suggestion ever since for the long-term development of bilateral relations.

Forty years ago, the elder generation of statesmen from both countries overcame great difficulties and made the strategic decision, which has proved to be significant for the normalization of bilateral diplomatic relations. Their decision is based on the common interests of both peoples.

Today, leaders of both countries should inherit the political wisdom and draw lessons from their predecessors to act smartly and responsibly.

The friendship today between China and Japan is extremely valuable. Both sides should pay special attention to care for it. Sensitive issues, such as the Diaoyu Islands dispute, are crucial tests for both sides.

If the hard-won bilateral friendship is harmed by any individual politician’s personal benefits, the loss for both nations will definitely outweigh their personal gains and waste the previous efforts of both peoples.

ICCR Notes :

This will be a short war between both countries that will not escalate if China does not push into Japan proper and stops after control of Diaoyu Islands is controlled, or if Japan does not get USA in to help Japan militarily. If the latter happens, then WW3 occurs as Russia will enter as well as the Kurils will be next if Diaoyu falls. All ‘WW3 potential’ parties should let China and Japan sort this out – a nice little war ending with Diaoyu being ceded seems tolerable yes? Extreme technology not-withstanding (dirty bombs or sneaking in poisonous (Kobe beef? Addictive substances included?) or nanotech saturated (mind drones?!?)food to Hong Kong does not count), Japan should just stop claiming what was established during the Yuan Period or else face an embarassment from China’s military pushback if the unchallengeable titanium clad historical pushback fails to appeal to Japan’s common sense. This is a localized regional claim that (also equidistance consideration-wise being so very much nearer to China) Japan cannot win even an ethical stance and should just preserve the peace for. Japan in fact could build their own fisheries and artificial islands instead of ride on the back of WW2’s failures.

In fact Liúqiú Islands (Ryukyu) which was a sovereign territory which was controlled by a tiny Kingdom with their own Royalty that chose Imperial China as Sovereign under vassalship, was forcibly occupied and controlled by Japan when China was at the weakest during the Manchu Invasion against the Ming Dynasts. Clearly Japan did not respect the Liqiu Monarch’s wishes and took advantage of the Ming era Manchu invasions, to bully and abuse China’s CONSENSUAL vassals, even dare claim control of the same even today! Japan’s factions who today wish to claim Ryukyu have no ethics or historical understanding!

Early History of The Liuqiu Kingdom (Ryukyu) and its Relationship with China and Japan

The history of the Liuqiu Kingdom Kingdom previous to the Meiji Restoration provides a depiction of an island kingdom that maintained a high degree of national sovereignty that was eventually shattered by colonial domination by Japan’s Satsuma-han in the 17th century. From the earliest times, the Liuqiu Kingdom Kingdom occupied a privileged position to the south of Japan due largely to its trade and cultural links with China. Despite the fact that Japan had exercised brief contacts with the kingdom from the 7th to the 9th century, Japan’s attempts to interfere with Liuqiu Kingdom’s domestic affairs virtually disappeared until the 17th century.

Until that time, the Liuqiu Kingdom Kingdom maintained it’s strongest economic and cultural ties with China as a vassal kingdom subject to and protected by the Imperium, and remained in somewhat constant contact with the Asian continent, through China. From the 14th century on, the Liuqiu Kingdom Kingdom developed a tributary relationship with China, which while symbolically signifying the Liuqiu Kingdom Kingdom’s status under China (as demonstrated in a pledge of loyalty made by the Liuqiu Kingdoman King to the Chinese Emperor) basically maintained the Liuqiu Kingdom Kingdom’s independent status as a nation.

In typical Chinese style, in no way did China’s Imperials seek to interfere in Liuqiu Kingdom’s domestic affairs, but merely sought to maintain cordial relations with the kingdom (which by the 16th century had consolidated all of the islands in the archipelago under centralized monarchical rule, with it’s capitol at Shuri castle on the island of Okinawa). China’s preeminent status had several key implications for the people of Liuqiu Kingdom. Even then in 1765 Japanese maps detailed the region as Chinese controlled :

三國=琉球、蝦夷、朝鮮,當時皆不屬日本。當時還特別有列明為無主島的,是今天的小笠原群島。The 3 Country maps shows Japan and its 3 sovereign neighbors, Liquiu, Korea and Hokkaido which was not even part of Japan in 1765. Only in 1869 did the Edo Shogunate control Hokkaido, Liqui however retained Chinese vassal status up to 1609 with the Japanese probably expecting Qing Era China to reclaim the islands by the map maker’s mindset in 1765. Little did the mapmaker know, that only in 2012 would the Liuqius be reclaimed by China!

It provided legitimacy to the Liuqiu Kingdom Monarchy, and also established the manner in which Chinese ethics and cultural customs eventually entered into the Liuqiu Kingdom. Most importantly, however, it’s status as a tributary allowed the Liuqiu Kingdom Kingdom access to trade with China, which would serve to boost the Liuqiu Kingdoms status in terms of mercantile affairs.

The most significant change in status for this time period came in 1609 with the invasion of the Liuqiu Kingdom by the Satsuma-han of Japan. In this time period, Satsuma took control of the Liuqiu Kingdom from the Liuqiu Kingdom monarchy, and placed the northern islands of Amami under direct Satsuma rule, while allowing the rest of the kingdom to remain under a sort of semi-colonial jurisdiction. In many ways, the experiences of the Amami islands differed vastly and far more harshly from the rest of the kingdom. The Amami islands (part of present-day Kagoshima Prefecture) quickly became integral to the growth of Satsuma’s economy and consequently to it’s growth in military strength. With the rapid introduction of the sugar cane industry into the islands and the increasing harshness of Satsuma domain’s leadership in extracting labor from the residents there, islanders underwent a period that they refer to as “Sato jigoku,” or “Sugar Hell.” Through this period of time, they were quickly integrated into Satsuma-han, as a part of Japan.

The rest of the Liuqiu Kingdom, however, was able to maintain some appearances of sovereignty despite the nature of their domination by the Satsuma domain. For the most part, the Sho dynasty, which had previously ruled the Liuqiu Kingdom, was able to remain intact along with its administrative structures. This occurred largely because it was in Satsuma’s political and economic trade interests to keep up the pretense that the Liuqiu Kingdom was still an independent nation. Since the Liuqiu Kingdom had been able to maintain economic trade relations with China, and Japan had broken off those same relations, Satsuma had a vested interest in keeping up Liuqiu Kingdom trade activities with China in order to economically prosper. To that end, the colonialised Liuqiu Kingdom proved indispensable, since by practicing the deception that the Liuqiu Kingdom was still an independent nation free from Japanese control (think Manchuria and the puppet Qing, Japan loves to bahave in this manner), Satsuma was able to use the Liuqiu Kingdom as a means in which to trade Japanese goods with China. Thus, the situation for the Liuqiu Kingdom proved especially cynical, since it remained in Satsuma’s best interests to keep the Liuqiu Kingdom as an independent nation (at least on the surface), while in the Amami islands, Satsuma favored complete integration of the islands into it’s territory.

This relationship, however, changed with the arrival of the western colonial powers, as personified in the arrival of Commodore Matthew Calbraith Perry’s “Black Fleet” in 1854. Stopping first in Okinawa before heading to Tokyo Bay, the Americans that Perry represented became the first colonial threat that Japan was forced to deal with after hundreds of years of isolationism. Faced with this threat, Japan felt the need to take several steps in order to protect itself from colonial encroachments, as had been seen in places like China, “Indochina,” and any of the other colonized Asian nations. Japan quickly embarked on an ambitious program to develop internally on the model of the modern western nation-state. Towards those ends, Japan began a rapid process of industrialization, heightened its sense of national unity, and solidified its borders. In order to learn how to engage in this process of modernization, Japan sent a number of delegations to various western nations to learn from their models, but sadly enough, they learned these lessons at the tail end of the main period of outright western imperialism, and unfortunately learnt the worst and quickly latched onto the military threat backed model of colonialist expansion and empire building.

Map by Cartographer Zheng Ruozeng (1503 – 1570) of the Liuqiu Kingdom (from Illustrated Description of Liuqiu Kingdom)

The Ying Imperial Restoration Era (circa 2009-????)

The Ying Restoration Era which began in 2009, could well see a revival of the Liuqui Kingdom that the world would doubtless be invited to witness. So who needs Japan trying AGAIN to abuse the territorial rights of another country? There is neither logical not ethical basis given the history of relations between the 3 parties above (Rightful Suzerain Imperial China, bullying Kingdom of Japan taking advantage of Manchu invasions in the 15th, and the vassal Kingdom of Liuqiu which CHOSE China as suzerain). The Liuqius were FORCIBLY COLONIZED by Japan, even though it was clear the Liqius wanted China as a suzerain NOT Japan, and by this only China and a revival of the Dragon Throne under Constitutional Monarchy for China can properly represent Liuqiu’s status, dignity and freedom and who knows a seat on the UN if not re-assimilation into neo-Imperial China, even as the 9th Throne is invited to complete the neo-Imperial ASEAN circle of Eastern Thrones . . .

Diaoyu is thus unacceptable for claim by Japan much less Liuqiu be considered under Japanese control! We propose a census survey by neutral parties and Liuqiu’s descendants to affirm the Liuqiu citizens’ response to the above, doubtless, the Liuqiu residents and descendants of Liuqiu’s Royal House, will want either Chinese protection or independence and a UN seat for their newly independent Kingdom, not Japanese control (simply because Japan is 66.8 times smaller, has forcibly occupied Liqui in the past, has a military 100s of times smaller, and who knows Japan is already severely irradiated but keeping quiet . . . Japan is a poor choice as opposed to China’s massive scale and generally enlightened if not chaotic Socialist system), which Japan mercilessly and disrespectfully forcefully enforced with violence or threats of violence in 1609!

As ICCR envisions, perhaps the Liuqui Kingdom could well also be revived alongside the Constitutional Monarch under H.I.M. Ying III being lobbied for. The descendents, commoners and royalty of the Liqius should make haste to reclaim their rightful spaces and lands against Japan’s unjustifiable claims.

North Korea – A travel experience – June 12th, 2010 – repost by T.E. Yu (updated on 20th July 2012)

“A country that, takes care of all people, gives work to everybody, where health care doesn’t cost you anything…”

This is what I heard from pro-Fidel Cubans some years ago while traveling to Cuba. Would I hear this kind of comments in North Korea also I wondered? How would it compare to the GDR (Eastern Germany) that I witnessed over 20 years ago? How do people live in North Korea? What are your restrictions traveling through North Korea, etc…

As little information is available about North Korea, I try to summarize all information that I think could be of help for anybody traveling to North Korea or being interested about traveling there. The information gathered here I did get personally from several different people, while I was traveling in North Korea. I won’t will quote persons individually because I don’t want anybody getting in trouble sharing something with me.

North Korea is one of the few nations that can engage in a total war with the United States.


Travel type : you can only take part in organized tours. So although it is a really interesting trip it’s not a risky trip at all in my opinion. Stories like here from the german magazine spiegel (translated version), make you believe something else, but in this case the writer seems to be a show-off.

Visa: You need a Visa to get to North Korea. We got it without any complications, it didn’t even have a cost (we got it from the North Korean embassy in Berlin, Germany). From what I’ve heard this shouldn’t have an influence on your future visa applications to the US, but I also heard a different story. What is your experience concerning this, please comment.

Cellphones are not allowed to take to North Korea. So just leave them at home. In case you forget, you have to leave them arriving and will get it back leaving the country. Alle other electronic equipment is allowed, so you can take laptops, iPods, etc. to North Korea, no problem!

Donations: at viventura we advise our clients to what to take along to South America in order to help local people. As officially North Korea doesn’t need any foreign help, in the official travel documents no such information is included. But you do can help. North Koreans love outside clothes (primarily for the better clothes). They prefer 2nd hand western cloths to new clothes available in North Korea. But westerners are not allowed to hand something to North Koreans. So what could you do? a) bring second-hand clothes and leave them in the hotel you are staying b) give clothes to your guides/drivers / leave them in the bus saying, that you have no more use for them… When taking clothes, this clothes shouldn’t be clothes easily identifiable as foreign clothes, so it shouldn’t have any brands or foreign words printed visible on the chest etc… (you are allowed to give the guides/drivers tips at the end of the trip).

The Rugen Shard in the North Korean CBD

The Rugen Shard (alternate view)

Traveling in North Korea

Most tourists in North Korea come from China. Just 2500 “westerners” come here per year. This number will raise this year and especially next year. A big german touroperator (Studiosus) just started to offer tours to North Korea and I expect just them to send 500 tourists to North Korea in 2011.

Personal freedom: you never are allowed to be on your own outside the hotel. Depending on your guide, the guide will accompany you outside the hotel, in rural areas this seems to be easier than in Pyöngyang.

Photography: you can make pictures, as long as no military is being on your photos. Your guides are advised not to let you make pictures of poor houses, hard-working people. They won’t understand, why you would make pictures of this anyway, because it’s not nice, but they also know, that westerners want to photograph exactly this. Always ask your guide, if pictures are allowed, this will prevent your guide getting in trouble. We were told, that stopping the car and getting out is not allowed (we did it twice anyway). Also you’re not allowed to take pictures of things, that are being restaurated.

Eating: Food is really good, but it’s a matter of taste. I personally love Kim Chi. My wife Adriana had a hard time with the food and wouldn’t call it great at all. As I mentioned, that I love Kim chi, I got it every single time 🙂 In our case, the guides could eat twice with us, they would have liked to do it more often, but according to my information, they tourist meals are to expansive to also buy them for guides & drivers.

Shopping: Stores remind me of GDR stores in the eighties. All of the items are displayed in glass vitrines. Products are imported from around the world. We saw brands like “ja” a store-internal brand from Germany, juice from Singapore, chinese junk food, etc…

Local Currency: the local currency is the North Korean Won. Foreigners won’t be able to use them. There is an official exchange rate nevertheless of 140 WON for a EUR. Foreigners are just allowed into international currency stores. Here you can pay with EUR, USD or CNY (Chinese Yuan). You can ask your guide for some currency notes as souvenir.

The most untouched wilderness in North Korea can be found in protected and guided tours.

General Curiosities

When traveling by air to Pyönyang (from Beijing) with North Korean Airline Koryo I set next to a North Korean Person. According to him, he arrived from India, where he worked for 4 years and know ill see his family again after 4 years. He asked a lot of questions about my visit in North Korea. After telling him, that I’ve been to South Korea before, he even asked to see my passport. After arriving in Pyöngyang he chatted with other people on the train, no sign of his wife/kids. I had the impression, that we were investigated on. Also during the flight the stewardess came to us about five times asking us if we were a couple, where we were from, ho many times we have been to North Korea for, etc… After answering she always went back to the first row talking to a man…

Personal at Pyöngyang airport are well equipped. Most of them have a little earphone or communication device in they ear.

All North Koreans have a little red badge with a counterfeit of their “great leader”: Kim Il-Sung. This is similar to China some decades ago, when they had Badges of Mao attached to their clothes. Not everybody was wearing the badge but approximately 95% of the people.

Foreigners: Westerners living in North Korea are not allowed to have contacts with local people. There are about 300 foreigners, most being chinese, but also 15 germans among them. They have their own little district, where North Koreans are not allowed to go in. Some countries have embassies in Pyöngyang (Germany being one of them).

There is lots of speculation about North Korea. For example: do they really have a metro? I wonder why would you question this. Would you think they’d build that many stations on the streets and make the train run just one station, employing thousands of actors just to make some tourists believe Pyöngyang has a metro? Well I don’t think so, Pyöngyang definitely has a Metro.

Cleanness: overall all places we went to were very clean. On the one side there is little plastic being sold in North Korea. On the other hand I could observe lot’s of people sweep the streets.

As North Korea has no right to transmit the World Cup games, that would start in a couple of days (2010 World Cup South Africa), the games will be transmitted one week later. As North Koreans have no other News Source, they won’t no the result before…

When paying for something in a “currencystore” you get the change often in another currency. You buy a drink in EUR and get back some USD…

The restaurants have big common rooms but also private rooms, where you can eat just with your friends or family (same concept as in china)

Political views: Germany is a good country, because we paid we paid the debts caused by wars imposed by Germany to other. The rest of the world: good. China: really good, as they support North Korea. Japan: really bad because of the 40 years, that Japan occupied North Korea. USA: very bad because they prevent a united Korea.

Daily life / General topics

President-Marshal Kim Jong Un with some school children . . .

(here kids prepare for the kids day on the 7th of june 2010)

Agriculture: North Korea is an agricultural country. I’ve never seen a country that used that much terrain for agriculture as North Korea. In our whole trip I couldn’t see any opportunity where they could cultivate more. During the harvesting season also all office workers need to go to the countryside to help getting the crops. This is done on Fridays. Workers participate on the success of the harvesting, as they get a “share” of the harvest depending on the crops success.

Wages: Not all North Koreans earn the same. According to our guides students get a salary of about 50 EUR, normal workers 150 EUR and people in higher positions 250 EUR a month. All North Koreans get a free apartment, health care, education and the rent.

Power/Water Supply: the state has a serous problem generating sufficient electricity and supplying enough water. For most people in Pyöngyang you can just get water 2-3 hours a day (in that time they fill up tanks to save water for the day). The Tourist Hotels in Pyöngyang have all-day water supplies though. Electricity seemed to be working fine in Pyöngyang, as you can see on this picture:

In other areas, in Kaesong for example, we were noticing electricity problems at night. The costs for electricity & water is around 3-5 EUR a month.

Transport: The roads in North Korea are quit empty, nevertheless lot’s of people are driving in cars. It’s forbidden to have a car privately (you can just one a motorcycle or a bicycle privately), but people in good positions get a car for their job. I would guess, that there would be around 20.000 cars or so in Pyöngyang. Apart from cars you have the metro, Taxis, streetcars, buses, bicycles and motorcycles in Pyöngyang.

Businesses: Everything is state owned in North Korea. I know of three Joint-Ventures though.

a) FIAT is cooperating with Pyöngyang to manufacture cars in North Korea, in total the have two brands built in North Korea: Hwiparam & Ppeokkugi

b) a Joint Venture with a German company getting Internet to the hotels
c) a Joint Venture to modernize the cellphone network with an egyptian company, part of the deal is also to finish the 105-floor hotel in the middle of Pyöngyang until 2012

Perhaps as earlier mentioned, Kim Jong Un could transition North Korea into a Constitutional Monarchy and leave the nitty gritty to the workhorses (once the threat of foreign warmongers is over and the 2 Koreas are re-united as a United Kingdom of Korea of course) . . .

Military: The military is really important in North Korea, the military boss is the second most important person in North Korea. On the street you see a constant presence of military. You also have the Youth Organisation, like the Free German youth (from the former GDR)

Corruption: It’s hard to tell to which level corruption exists in North Korea, in my presence two military officers accepted cigarettes in order to do a favor (leaving the hotel, taking a picture)

Situation with South Korea: for me it’s interesting to see that our guides / the local military guide at DMZ never talked about a conflict with South Korea. They always refered to a conflict with the United States. And interestingly, the armistice was negotiated with North Korea on one hand and the US on the other and not South Korea. According to the military person at DMZ, the US tries to stay long-term in South Korea, in order to strengthen their position in demanding long-term presence they blame North Korea for sinking a submarine.

Fashion: for Adriana it was a shock to see that fashion seem to have stuck in the seventies? There is no individualism at all. Even people without a uniform seemed to be dressed a kind. No written words I have seen on any shirt. The clothes remind me of movies made about the GDR.

Smoking: Smoking is ridiculously popular in North Korea. According to our guides 99% of male North Koreans smoke. Even in closed places like in the restaurant. This was totally surprising and sometimes uncomfortable.

Education: It was amazing to see how well our guides spoke english/spanish. They have never been to an english/spanish speaking country, but nevertheless speak fluently. A thing that North Koreans seem to be great in: Singing.

Hanbok wearing locals in North Korea.


Internet: North Korea doesn’t have Internet yet. A german company is setting up Internet at this time, so that high-ranking military people, important business man and other VIP in North Korea will get it soon. According to my information soon the Hotels for international guests will have Internet Service.

Email: North Korea has a tiny Email infrastructure. For example our guides have email access through the companies email account, there is no such thing as personal email accounts. The email adresses have the domain, the domain is registered to LiaoNing ZhongTian Real Estate Develolpment Co.LTD from China. Attachments like PDFs can be read, pictures can’t be sent (it’s unclear if it’s for the size or security).

Cellphones: the cellular network is working for almost 2 years in North Korea. A limited network of people have access to it (and use it a lot), like tourism guides, people who do important business, politicians and military people. Tourists have no right to use cell phones.

News: North Koreans don’t have a free press, all news are emitted from the state. Before arriving to North Korea tensions were high because of the submarine incident with South Korea. North Koreans were aware of these tensions and were informed about the incident. They knew the South Korean/US Version of the story (ship was shot), but believed the North Korean Version of the story (ship ran into a rock). I talked about this incident quit a bit and could into more details if requested in the comments…

I booked my tour with and I was really pleased with there service (it’s a german operator).

Exceptional venues.

Source article at –

Update fom Hainan Province : Developing the South China Sea Isles – reposted by T.E. Yu – July 2012

China rushes surveillance ships to islands claimed by Vietnam – PTI | Jul 3, 2012, 06.53PM IST

BEIJING: Amid rising tensions between China and its neighbours over the disputed territories in the South China Sea, Beijing today sent four surveillance ships to the area also claimed by Vietnam after spotting a foreign fishing vessel there.

The ships reached the Nansha islands, at the centre of the disputed areas, this morning when radar suggested the presence of a foreign fishing vessel nearby.

According to the team, Chinese patrol staff immediately broadcast a statement in Chinese, English and Vietnamese to proclaim sovereignty of the Xisha Islands and Nansha Islands also claimed by Vietnam, state-run Xinhua news agency reported.

Yesterday, the team conducted a formation practice near Yongshu Reef in the South China Sea. The two-hour practice session was fulfilled smoothly but a helicopter scheduled to take part did not do so, due to adverse weather.

The ships reached Huayang Reef, a coral reef in the Nansha Islands, on Sunday and anchored northeast of Yongshu Reef on Sunday evening.

Since taking off from south China’s coastal city of Sanya on June 26, the team has sailed more than 2,000 nautical miles.

China rushed the ships to the islands after Vietnam passed a new law in its parliament asserting the islands are part of its Exclusive Economic Zone, (EEZ).

China immediately protested and summoned Vietnamese Ambassador here and conveyed its resentment over the move by Hanoi.

Vietnam referred to the islands Spratly islands and sent two Russian-made Su-27 fighters to conduct a “patrol flight” over the disputed islands.

China has a similar dispute going with Philippines on another island.

ICCR Notes :

We expect that the next series of settlers (perhaps luxury island buyers fisheries investors etc..) will be visiting China’s ancient territories soon once those fortress-bases are established. Make haste plutocrats of China, there is no better way to show loyalty to the Fatherland than to establish viable colonies in China’s peaceful and beautiful South China Sea territories.

China vows to oppose military provocation – Posted: 29 June 2012

BEIJING: China said on Thursday it would resolutely oppose any military provocation in its territorial waters, remarks which appeared to be directed at the United States, Vietnam and the Philippines.

China’s military has established routine naval patrols in the South China Sea, “indisputable territory” of the nation and a matter of “national sovereignty,” defence ministry spokesman Geng Yansheng said.

“We will resolutely oppose any military provocations,” Geng said in statements posted on his ministry’s website.

“The determination and will of China’s military to safeguard national sovereignty and territorial integrity is unwavering.”

Geng’s remarks came as the United States launched the largest-ever “Rim of the Pacific” naval exercises in Hawaii, involving 22 nations, including the US, India, Russia, Australia and the Philippines.

China was not invited to participate or observe the exercises.

Tensions in the South China Sea have intensified recently with Vietnam and the Philippines both accusing China of increasingly flexing its military muscle in the region, despite a pledge from all claimants to avoid actions that could further stoke tensions.

Both the Philippines and Vietnam have also sought to shore up relations with the United States to counter China’s increasingly vocal assertions over the region that also includes key international shipping routes.

Geng downplayed the US-sponsored multi-national military exercises, but voiced concerns over Washington’s recent announcement to deploy more of its naval forces to the Pacific Ocean.

“Frankly speaking, we do not believe that this (the multilateral exercises) is such a big matter and it is not worth being upset about,” Geng, who was speaking at a press briefing that was only open to Chinese journalists, said.

But “deploying more military forces in the Asia-Pacific goes against the world’s pursuit of peace, development and cooperation, as well as trust among nations in the region,” he said.

The Philippines said on Thursday it was committed to “defuse the tension” with China over a disputed shoal, despite the continued presence of Chinese ships in the area.

“While we continue to assert our sovereignty over (the shoal) and sovereign rights over the waters surrounding it, we are committed to defusing the tension in the area through diplomatic discussions and consultations,” Department of Foreign Affairs Raul Hernandez said in a statement.

“We urge everyone to refrain from making statements that would tend to re-escalate the situation in the area,” the statement added.

China says it has sovereign rights to the whole South China Sea, believed to sit atop vast oil and gas deposits. The sea is also claimed in whole or part by Taiwan, Vietnam, Brunei, Malaysia, and the Philippines.

– AFP/de

ICCR Notes :

Taiwan = part of China (autonomous provincial rule and unity is better than becoming a puppet of the West), besides Taiwan could be the spiritual keeper of the possibility of a revived Taoist Ecclesiarchy in China (instead of all non-native faiths)
Vietnam = breaking ancient territorial treaties after change of govt. post WW2 (before WW2 if Vietnam tried to say this the Qing Emperor would have clamped down HARD, China is stronger than if even has been in history, why claim now except on the back of USA who is more China’s friend than enemy?)
Brunei = non-entity microstate even in consideration against Borneo Island alone.
Malaysia = apartheid state, extremely corrupt (has oppressed local Chinese populations tremendously via psychological warfare perhaps if rumours are correct, even lightly poisoned or sabotaged water supplies, built poisonous industries like cyanide using mines and radioactive material treatment plants where large Chinese populations exist etc..)
Phillipines = a Puerto Rico on the wrong side claiming near 1000 and 600 kms outside of EEZ that were never contested before WW2 (ally with your immediate neighbours and keep the territorial claims ackbowledged over centures not a WW2 . . . ! not countries 1000s of kilometres away!)

China should build that Oceanic Great Wall with a ‘string of pearls’ series of Naval Fortresses funded by billionaires – and yet still allow freedom of navigation to all non-military ships as per the law of the sea, though building on Chinese sovereign territory would be illegal. Oil and gas are already finished as energy paradigms and China should waste no time developing plasma, tesla or rechargeables based around solar.

China slams Japan’s move over Diaoyu Islands – by Yang Jingjie (Global Times) – 11:14, March 28, 2012

China Tuesday condemned Japan’s registration of one of the four islands near the Diaoyu Islands in the East China Sea as its national asset, slamming Tokyo’s move as “unlawful and invalid.”

“Any unilateral move surrounding the Diaoyu Islands and its adjacent islets taken by Japan is unlawful and invalid, and cannot change the fact that the islands belong to China,” foreign ministry spokesperson Hong Lei said.

“China will continue to take necessary measures to firmly safeguard sovereignty over the Diaoyu Islands and the affiliated isles,” Hong said, reiterating that the Diaoyu Islands and other affiliated isles have been an inherent part of Chinese territory since ancient times, and China holds indisputable sovereignty over them.

Japan’s Chief Cabinet Secretary Osamu Fujimura announced Monday that one of the four islands near the Diaoyu Islands had been registered as a national asset by Tokyo.

Japanese officials said the registration is unlikely to be applied to the three other islands because “they are owned by civilians,” the Kyodo News Agency reported. Last August, Tokyo placed 23 uninhabited islands under state control, but the four islands near the Diaoyu Islands were exempted out of consideration for China, Kyodo added.

Liu Jiangyong, a deputy director of the Institute of International Studies at Tsinghua University, told the Global Times that Japan’s move is part of its recent efforts to further demonstrate its territorial claims in the area.

“It can also be viewed as a probing activity to test Beijing’s reaction, as Japan might try the same trick to register other islands in the area as its state assets in the future,” Liu said.

The latest move came after Tokyo named 39 isolated, uninhabited islands earlier this month, including some of the Diaoyu Islands, which already drew strong objections from China. On the following day, China’s State Oceanic Administration released standard names and descriptions of the Diaoyu Islands and its affiliated isles.

On March 16, a Chinese maritime surveillance fleet consisting of two patrol vessels arrived in waters near the Diaoyu Islands for a regular patrol, but was followed by a Japan Coast Guard patrol ship. Despite tensions, Liu said territorial disputes between China and Japan are still manageable.

“We might witness more confrontations between maritime units of the two countries in the waters near the Diaoyu Islands due to reinforced surveillance efforts by both sides, but the use of force is unlikely,” Liu said.

Xu Tianran and agencies contributed to this story

Ishihara’s shenanigans continue – Updated: 2012-07-05 08:15 – by Yin Xiaoliang ( China Daily)

Over the weekend, Shintaro Ishihara, the governor of Tokyo, announced that he would advertize his campaign to “purchase” China’s Diaoyu Islands in the New York Times.

Since the right-wing politician announced in April that his city prefecture was negotiating with the Japanese “owner” of the Diaoyu Islands in the hope of “buying them by the end of this year”, he has collected 1.3 billion Japanese yen ($16.34 million) for his campaign.

With his ridiculous campaign, Ishihara has attempted to take advantage of anti-China sentiment in Japan to boost his political reputation and solicit more support. He said he planned to form his new party.

In so doing, Ishihara is obviously promoting Japanese “ownership” of the islands. Japan calls the islands which it illegally annexed from China, its “inherent territory”. It even stubbornly claims that there is no dispute over its sovereignty. This stance has been widely upheld in Japanese textbooks and the Japanese media and seriously misled Japanese public opinion about the ownership of the Diaoyu Islands. The historical and legal evidence proves that the Diaoyu Islands have been China’s territory since ancient times.

Actually Ishihara is just trying to stand out in the domestic political struggle by making use of China and Japan’s territorial dispute over the Diaoyu Islands. Ishihara’s farce has created trouble for the ruling Democratic Party of Japan, which is not adept at diplomacy and embattled at home.

On Monday the DPJ’s Ichiro Ozawa and his supporters resigned from the party in protest at a sales tax hike. Ozawa is known as the “shadow shogun” because of the considerable power and influence he wields behind the scenes. Ozawa said he would form a new party, which might be a heavy blow to the Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda and may lead to a lower house election this summer.

The consumption tax bill that would double the rate to 10 percent by 2015, which was submitted to the House of Representatives by Noda’s cabinet, has already divided the DPJ. And the party has been heavily criticized for its handling of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear crisis and Japan’s battered economy following the earthquake and tsunami in March 2011. So if a lower house election is held, it’s hard to say whether the DPJ will stay in power.

Ishihara sees the changing political landscape in Japan as a chance to make political gains. It is now much more difficult to find major differences between the two major political parties and Ishihara is seeking to push himself to the forefront of Japanese politics with his shenanigans.

As a notorious representative of Japan’s right-wing, Ishihara has issued irresponsible remarks about Sino-Japanese relations on many occasions. But his campaign to “buy” the Diaoyu Islands threatens to hijack Japan’s diplomacy toward China and is casting a shadow over bilateral ties.

However, while winning support from extremist Japanese politicians, Ishihara’s provocative campaign has also encountered opposition from more sensible Japanese politicians. Uichiro Niwa, Japanese ambassador to China, warned that the implementation of Ishihara’s plan will result in a profound crisis in Sino-Japanese relations. He said Japanese government should not allow decades of efforts to improve ties between the two countries be ruined because of Ishihara’s political ambitions.

But despite the fact that the China-friendly forces in Japan are being marginalized, we should also not be excessively pessimistic about the prospects for Sino-Japanese ties. The growing interdependence between the two countries means Japan will return to a rational stance in its dealings with China at some point.

With the continuous rise of China’s economic power since the start of the 21st century, East Asia has witnessed a never-before-seen era in which China and Japan are both big powers in the region. Both countries should looked at the other’s economic and social development in a rational way and defuse mutual structural contradictions to forge a “strategically reciprocal” harmonious relationship. Politicians from both countries should strive to handle the Diaoyu Islands dispute more cautiously when the two countries celebrate the 40th anniversary of the normalization of bilateral diplomatic ties.

The author is a researcher with the Institute of Japan Studies, under the Tianjin-based Nankai University. (China Daily 07/05/2012 page9)

ICCR Notes :

Diaoyo could become a ‘Monaco’ of sorts (perhaps a Principality in preparation for re-Umperialisation of China?) with Chinese characteristics. The above organisation has sent interest in buying the Diaoyu Islands from Yilan county of Taiwan Province, People’s Republic of China for the specific cultural purpose of reviving the Dragon-Throne of the Imperium Sinensis. Please note the comminique from the Council of Regency to the rightful owner below :

Communique from the Council of Regency to the Taiwan administration.

We believe that Ishihara will be disappointed in this illegal claim, and that the bid will go to ICCR or a suitably deserving party as the CPPCC deems fit. ICCR’s work to revive the Imperium of a nation 66.8 times larger than Japan is far more important than the Democratic Party of Japan’s attempt at neo-colonial activities especially when the atrocities and holocausts of WW2 have not yet been atoned for.

China urges mutual trust with Japan as survey shows negative attitudes (People’s Daily Online) 08:42, June 21, 2012

Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei at a regular press briefing. (File photo/ Foreign Ministry of China)

BEIJING, June 21 (People’s Daily Online) — A Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman on Wednesday urged China and Japan to enhance mutual trust as a recent survey reveals negative attitudes between the people of the two countries.

Spokesman Hong Lei made the remarks at a regular press conference when asked to comment on the result of the survey.

The survey, jointly sponsored by the Chinese English newspaper, China Daily, and Genron NPO, a Japanese think tank, shows 84 percent of ordinary Japanese people harbor negative attitudes toward China, while the proportion of Chinese people that have a negative impression of Japan also remains high. China and Japan should observe the principles of the four political documents signed between the two countries and safeguard the healthy and stable development of bilateral ties, said Hong.

The four political documents, namely the Sino-Japanese Joint Statement, the China-Japan Treaty of Peace and Friendship, the Sino-Japanese Joint Declaration and the Sino-Japanese Joint Statement on Advancing Strategic and Mutually Beneficial Relations, serve as the bedrock for developing bilateral relations.

“The two countries should try their best to do everything that contributes to bilateral mutual trust and firmly oppose anything that damages mutual trust,” he said.

China hopes the people of our two countries will improve their attitudes toward each other, so to consolidate the social foundation of bilateral relations, said the spokesman.

ICCR Notes :

The above shows the short memories and lack of national pride on at least 2 sides. Then the insecurity, turncoat invitation of foreign forces into the ASRAN region, and lack of ASEAN oriented approach (not so much) and a helplessness to allow being ‘led’ by Western powers which hhave turned on former allies and exhibited a lack of ethics. You don’t crawl to a colonial power that wanted to colonise your country without showing a very corrupted lack of a healthy sense of nationalism. China in general has not tried to colonise and only claims territories that were acceptable during the pre-1911 era before WW2 broke out. If WW2 did not break out, the same territories would remain under Chinese control and China would still not be interested in harrassing anyone.

What the various parties are doing is profiting off WW2 which has also seen the same illegal claims nations being abused by Western or Japanese powers in WW2. This is a poor showing by everyone claiming pre-WW2 dominions obviously agreed upon. China gains the moral high ground here and should regard the pawn-mentality types appropriately as well as ‘retaliate’ with equally ‘peaceful’ games in Central America. No hard feelings, ‘just returning the favour’, could well be better for ensuring a multipolar world, something the whole world would be pleased to see. Do not talk about provocation or ‘worry’, but take charge by being ‘peaceful’ and ‘navigating’ in Central and South America.

Japan and South Korea can continue embarrassing themselves by holding meaningless wargames which only beget similar war games in either coasts of Central and South America.

First Sino-Vietnam expressway expected to open in 2013 (Xinhua) 08:09, June 11, 2012

KUNMING, June 10 (Xinhua) — The first expressway linking southwest China’s Yunnan Province and Vietnam will open to traffic next year, local authorities confirmed Sunday.

The 600-km journey from Kunming, provincial capital of Yunnan, to Hanoi, capital of Vietnam, will be reduced to six to seven hours from 12-plus hours, according to the provincial communication department of Yunnan.

China and Vietnam will be connected by expressway once construction on a 250-km expressway is finished in Vietnam, and linking the countries via expressway will greatly reduce transportation costs and boost the regional economy.

China and Vietnam started upgrading local expressways and roads to connect the cross-border expressway in 2008 and 2009, respectively, the department said.

The expressway is part of Yunnan’s Bridgehead Strategy, which aims to build a social and economic corridor toward South Asia and Southeast Asia. The mountainous province borders Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam.

Three other cross-border highways leading to Thailand, Myanmar and India are also under construction.

ICCR Notes :

Let there be a neo-Imperial renaisance in the whole Asian region . . . a brighter future for mankind and the planet.

Delayed apology, delayed justice (People’s Daily Online) 16:16, June 21, 2012

After the U.S. Senate passed a bill to apologize for the “Chinese Exclusion Act” on Oct. 6, 2011, the U.S. House of Representatives also passed a bill on June 18, formally apologizing for the Act.

This is a delayed justice. The U.S. Congress had voted through the “Chinese Exclusion Act” in 1882 to restrict the rights of Chinese in the United States and prohibit them entering the state, which is extremely rare in the history of the world and also a great shame to the United States which has been flaunting the human rights. The world has waited for 130 years to hear the apology from the United States.

At the beginning of the 19th century, there were not too many Chinese living in the United States. Because of the construction of railroads, a large number of Chinese workers began entering the United States. To the Chinese workers, it was reasonable and legitimate to enter the country to seek a livelihood under the legal proceedings of China and the United States. To the United States, it urgently needed foreign laborers to develop the western region. It can be said that the Chinese had participated in a mutually beneficial cooperation.

These Chinese had made great contribution to the development and prosperity of the United States but were heavily discriminated against when the country entered the economic downturn. The whites shouted the slogan that “do not give Chinese any job opportunity” and the Chinese Exclusion Act was finally passed in 1882. The shadow of the Act had covered on the head of overseas Chinese for many years.

The founding principle of the United States is that all men are equal, which has become a national faith and moral standard for the country to make propaganda and education in the world. However, beautiful words should be proven with practical action to win the genuine respect of the international community.

Relative to the beautiful ideal of natural human rights, the actual situation in the United States was not so satisfactory. Although the United States established the democratic republican system, the African slave trade was not suppressed; instead it became even more rampant along with the development of cotton cultivation in southern area. Although the black slaves finally got free at the cost of the life of a president, racial discrimination and segregation are still common in the real life. This is the underlying reason why Martin Luther King and other human rights activists called on a racial equality 40 years ago.

Today, the Chinese elites are emerging and China is getting increasingly powerful, which is another background for the United States to make an apology. However, we know that the apology for the “Chinese Exclusion Act” does not mean complete elimination of discrimination. It is a long-term process to eliminate the invisible discrimination and fully respect the Chinese Americans and other ethnic minorities.

The development of human rights has experienced more than two centuries of twists and turns in the United States. Today, how to properly treat all ethnic minorities’ aspiration for equality remains a disputed topic. How to equally treat the legitimate interests of other countries and regions about development and security is a test of U.S. government’s concept of equality. The United States still has much room for improvement and introspection in these aspects.

In the last 20 years, the United States has made a series of repentances. In 1993, the U.S. Congress made an apology for occupying Hawaii 100 years ago. In 2008, the U.S. House of Representatives voted through an act, asking the U.S. Congress to apologize for some historical problems including slavery and racial segregation. In 2011 and 2012, the House of Representatives and the Senate respectively made an apology to China for its “Chinese Exclusion Act.” The United States had made many mistakes on its developing road but now it began to correct them one by one. We hope it can learn a lesson and genuinely respect others when dealing with their own ethnic relations and the international affairs.

ICCR Notes :

Perhaps some trading concessions (face giving policies) commensurate to and directly relayed (but not necessary through a Chinese government party in order for USA to save face) by either involved companies on US or Chinese sides to the families of those who suffered that do need the aid? Much like Japan could compensate Korean Comfort Women, an apology backed by nothing, is just words to those who need the funds, the wealthy would feel exhonerated but the poor who suffered from the policies have lost tremendously and suffered quality of life drops that concessions as mentioned above would be very considerate to apply. The beneficiaries would be the poor Chinese in such overseas Chinatowns, no-one else. How about that USA? Show that your words are backed with concrete actions. This further action would show though, that American exceptionalism is alive and well.

China faces long-term regional annoyances (Global Times) 08:38, July 04, 2012

Philippine President Benigno Aquino III said Monday he may ask the US to deploy spy planes over the South China Sea to help monitor disputed waters in the region. The US Department of State did not say whether the US will respond to the request. The Philippines suffered a setback during the Huangyan Island conflict with China, but it will not back down on the issue. China will be pestered by the Philippines, Vietnam and other countries over the South China Sea for a long time.

The world has entered a stage in which small countries can make trouble for big powers. If these island disputes had happened in imperial times, they would have been handled in a much easier way. China may have many ways to teach the Philippines a lesson, but we must not easily use them. This does not mean China is showing weakness. The US, the most powerful country in the world, has the strength to strike those countries it deems as “evil,” but it has to seek approval from the international community.

The Philippines and Vietnam do deserve to be punished. If they go to extremes in their provocations against China, it is likely that they will finally be punished through means including military strikes. However, China definitely will be very cautious in making such decisions. The world today is very complicated, and the international environment is undergoing profound changes. China has many strategic opportunities, but is also faced with many dilemmas. China is a country with great development potential. This determines not only China’s strategic potential, but also the current international system’s continued restraint of China.

The public is becoming increasingly confused over what China’s most pressing issues are. Chinese frictions with neighboring countries have been a major focus of foreign affairs in recent years, but such frictions do not pose a strategic threat to China. The key point that can decide China’s future is obviously not the same as what public opinion is most concerned about. A country should clarify its thoughts and firmly follow them, but this is easier said than done, because its development will face constant domestic and foreign disturbances. The Philippines and Vietnam are obviously disturbing China. They are not part of China’s international political ambitions, but China must not let their disturbance go unchecked. The right policy might be to tell them our bottom line and avoid a war of words with them, but teach them an unforgettable lesson when it is time to hit back.

ICCR Notes :

A string of pearls should solve the problems . . . high tech naval and submarine fortress bases dotting the South China Sea region at intervals and clear declarations on the above principal based pre-WW2 facts at UN, NAM and to the nations will be China’s final word and action to quell all nuisances on these issues. Prepare that ‘Plutocrat Sequestered Liquid Wealth Requisition Bill’ (compensate these ‘contributions/requisitions’ with deserving honorary military ranks, appropriate titles with accompanying immunities, and rights of access perhaps naming and inauguration rights – though not operational access – to the new bases and any ships, I’m sure a healthy Regatta culture could arise from this intitiative . . . ) before the scenario worsens from sheer inaction and timidity of the CPPCC or Red Army in communicating with the Chinese neo-Plutocracy that would not be possible without the might of the PLA! Long live Fatherland China! Long live the Eternal Dynasty!

China, Japan ‘can lead the way’ – by Ding Qingfen, Chen Jia and Li Xiaokun in Tokyo (China Daily) 08:14, July 02, 2012

China and Japan should work closer together amid the deepening European debt crisis to tackle regional and global economic problems, Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda said in a letter addressed to a key forum on Sunday.

The prime minister also emphasized that China’s further development will translate into opportunities for the world’s third-largest economy.

“China’s rapid economic growth means opportunities for the international community, including Japan,” Noda said. “Not only should both countries strengthen economic and trade cooperation, but they should also join hands to tackle regional and global issues and contribute to global peace and prosperity,” he added.

Noda made the remarks in a letter read out during a banquet at the launch of the Beijing-Tokyo Forum which is being held in the Japanese capital from July 1 to July 3.

The forum, cosponsored by China Daily and Genron NPO, a Japanese think tank, has been held alternately, in Beijing and Tokyo, since 2005.

The annual gathering is one of the most significant platforms for communication among high-level non-government institutions from the two countries. This year’s forum is being held under the theme “Future-Oriented China-Japan relations in a Global Perspective”.

This year also marks the 40th anniversary of the normalization of diplomatic relations between China and Japan.

China’s export growth has been slowing down, due to Europe’s debt woes. In Japan, despite plans to spend 20 trillion yen ($252 billion) to rebuild areas devastated by the 2011 earthquake, industrial output fell for the second straight month in May. Zhao Qizheng, head of the foreign affairs committee of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, said both governments should enhance cooperation to counter the global economic crisis.

ICCR Notes :

Will the 9th Throne act appropriately to complete the circle? Long live Fatherland China.

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