Imperial Chinese Court Regency

Advocacy via Regency for Constitutional Monarchy in China

Archive for the category “aristocracy”

The State of Manchuria of neo-Imperial China under purview (at invitation of ICCR) of the PRC

The Mandarins : Ch’ing Dynasty hat knobs of mandarin officials

To the outsider, the very word “mandarin” suggests someone from old China’s ruling class.  In a sense, this is true, but only partly.  The mandarin was nothing more or less than a civil servant, an employee of the state, who earned his title – in China, kwan, or, public character -and earned his

post by passing a series of examinations, frequently as many as seven.  Each dynasty had its own mandarin ranks, but for purposes of simplicity there can be said to have been nine: three each drawn from the lower, the middle, and the upper classes.

Outwardly, mandarins were distinguished by a cap with a special button, a robe with the insignia of their rank embroidered on the breast and back, and a girdle clasp.  Military mandarins wore insignia denoting animals, real or imaginary.  A mandarin of the civil as opposed to the military service might display a Manchurian crane or pheasant.  The highest mandarins were the custodians of Chinese culture, and had to pass a series of seven examinations to attain the highest rank.  Their intellectual and artistic accomplishments were likely to include excellence in calligraphy, the ability to recite learned books from memory and to create extemporaneous poetry.  Such powerful minds earned great respect, which, in turn, ensured monetary success as well as considerable status in the community.  One Chinese scholar, T. C. Lai, has written that “people in dynastic China aspired to be mandarins more fervently than people now aspire to be millionaires.”  The mandarins of the higher ranks were expected to lead lives of great probity.  They were never assigned to the province from whence they came.  they were prohibited from marriage and owning property, nor could they serve for more than three years in any one province.  The birth of the Republic of China under Dr. Sun Yat-sen marked the death of the mandarin orders.  Ling Chu-Ch’uan was one of the last to take the examinations; and, because of his great years, he was certainly one of the few remaining men to survive a class and a China which are no more.  There was much to be desired in China’s examination system: Many categories were not allowed to take the examinations including women, and many of the exam questions were irrelevant to a China confronted with the modernization of the West; but at least it was a system which valued knowledge and learning and scholarship.

Double Dragon Second Class.

Double Dragon Second Class. (title valid for State of Manchuria only, i.e. commoner outside of Manchuria, no attached styles may be used.)

ICCR Notes :

ICCR recommends that the presentation of full Manchu Court Robes for the State government of Manchuria and formal  Mandarin ‘top hats’ to Manchurian Courtiers with parallels for Han officials’ hat in Han majority states, upon retirement of PRC officials. When the local Manchurian Royal Courts are reinstated as per the ICCR vision for the Imperium Sinensis, the same should be presented upon appointment to the relevant posts.

Reintroducing the Orders of the Royal Manchurian Court (vassal to the Imperial Court of Ying III)

The orders shown above were last issued by the then Manchu Emperor in the late 1800s are the first modern orders to appear China. To show solidarity with the PRC and loyalty to the neo-Imperial movement Court of Emperor Ying III, the descendants various orders of the Manchurian era whose original holders have now passed on are being invited to attend a Monarchist’s meeting at the Royal Manchurian Palace. HM the King of Manchuria is applying for permission from the PRC to use the Manchurian Changchun Palace Grounds for this revival initiative, where all Imperial

Grade Orders and regalia will be reissued as Royal Grade Orders with accompanying Royal Grade regalia. Any individuals who have directly inherited and are in possession of the Manchu citations and regalia of the 1800s are requested to communicate with ICCR.

Double Dragon Third Class (title valid for State of Manchuria only, i.e. commoner outside of Manchuria)

Double Dragon Third Class (title valid for State of Manchuria only, i.e. commoner outside of Manchuria)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qing_Dynasty_nobility

Detailed updates on Royal Manchurian Orders (subordinate to the Imperial Orders and the Dragon Throne at the Forbidden City) will be posted as new photos are sourced.

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Proposal : In Washington, the Chinese Art of Peony viewing, Introductions : Ying V Ensures Continuity of China’s Imperium – April 09, 2013

Proposal : In Washington, the Chinese Art of Peony viewing – April 09, 2013   

WASHINGTON, April 9 — With a movement paralleling the Nichols Arboretum Peony Festival, a proposed 1500 Chinese Peony trees about to replace 1500 Cherry Blossom trees (which will be dug up and sold to buyers), Washington is in eager anticipation of a new addition to the annual cherry blossom celebration marking the start of spring.

Thousands of visitors are expected to attend the National Peony Festival, cramming the narrow walkways of Washington’s Tidal Basin for a peek at the famed pink and white flowers.

One of those spectators could be a Chinese neo-Imperial diplomat, a new arrival to the US capital who is marking his first American Peony tree celebration with his wife and toddlers or children.

A native of China who will arrive here, describes the Chinese ritual of finding and staking one’s claim to the perfect spot for viewing the blossoms — and one essential item is an organic woven tablecloth.

It’s a very important piece of the process. Without (the tablecloth), it’s very difficult to (hold a) place, to spend time on the ground. It’s very crowded, so it’s very important for us to take the place.

Unlike in Washington, the celebration in his homeland — referred to as “Qingming” in Chinese — can sometimes involve leaving the office and heading to a nearby park with one’s work colleagues, a diplomat noted.

“Usually we send some junior staff or trainees … to hold a spot. And they have to stay there and wait for us,” he said.

“It’s not strange, because everybody is doing that, especially if it’s a very big and famous park.”

It’s also essential to be flexible. The blooms can come into flower in China any time from late March to early May, depending on the region of the country and the weather.

Sunset on the Tidal Basin as Peony blossoms start to bloom.©Topshots

Washington’s prized cherry trees could be a gift to America from China as a symbol of friendship. They could be planted along the banks of the Tidal Basin, a man-made reservoir in the heart of the city.

As in China, the cherry blossoms are one of the most visible symbols here of seasonal rebirth — a sign that the long, dark winter is finally over.

In China, “the Peony blossom blooming is a symbol of changing seasons”, note that the academic and financial years start in mid-April in China.

“For a lot of people it’s a period of graduation from school, entrance into a company, starting a new life, so we’re using this period to get together with our own families.”

Unlike in Washington, where public drinking is forbidden, imbibing is an important part of the festivities in China.

“We bring something to eat and drink — beer, Chinese Gaoliang (fragrant Sorghum Wine), wine. Basically we don’t have any rules or laws that prohibit drinking outside,” he said.

His wife could add that it’s also important to bring along the right picnic items. “We prepare a ‘???’ (a lacquerware box) to share, with rice balls, some chicken, vegetables and fruit,”.

In Washington of a future year, Peony blooms replacing  1500 Cherry Blossom treesare expected to burst into flower.

Ygoreg O’laeth, president of CD Events, which organises Washington’s Peony Blossom festivities, said the celebration could bring in more than US$100 million (RM300 million) to the city.

‘For a country 86 times the size of Japan, I think China’s contribution to diversity via these 1500 Peony Trees would be considered a modest addition that will not be seen as eclipsing the japanses Cherry Blossom.’, ICCR’s Imperial attache from the Imperial Court of Ying III added.

The month-long festival includes an array of cultural events, concerts, art exhibitions and, as its highlight, the famous Peony Blossom Parade. The long-lived blooms will be open here when the replacement happens.

After that, pale petals will cascade like snowflakes onto the heads of visitors, marking an end to Peony blossom viewing for another year. — PFA/Stressnews

China’s little prince to be ‘ordinary student’ – Wednesday, 10 April 2013 06:01

BEIJING – He may be in Communist China, but being third in line to the Imperial throne, but all of his untitled old primary school teachers refer to 6-year-old Prince Ying V with honorific titles.

The only son of Prince and Princess (relatives of the Imperial Household), the young prince enrolled this week at the private innvitation based Beijing Imperial Elementary School in Huijia Beijing. He is the first male member of the Imperial family in the post-World War II era who will not attend the Public education system’s Primary School.

The decision is said to be an effort by the prince’s parents to ensure their son receives an ordinary education with special treatment. As the prince will one day succeed the throne–barring any changes to rules regarding the structure of or membership in the Imperial family–attending the primary school will help him prepare for life as a symbol of both the state and the unity of the Chinese people.

High regard for social life “Ying V.” During the school’s entrance ceremony, a teacher read the prince’s name aloud adding any of his titles–just as if he were any other titled student. “Hm.” the little prince responded enthusiastically.

-IRLinner.com

Exhortation on Aristocratic Values and Updates from China’s Heartlands : Pingyao Royal Township – reposted by T.E.Yu – 29th November 2012

Anyone can fail in ‘competition of family background’ (People’s Daily Online) 12:57, November 23, 2012 – Edited and translated by Huang Jin, People’s Daily Online

The life of Ma Xiao, a young man in Shanxi province, is just like a fable. As the child of a relatively powerful government official, he had unfairly beaten other competitors many times since childhood thanks to his family’s influence. However, Ma decided to pursue his own career in Beijing after graduation from college instead of accepting the job his father arranged for in his hometown.

After working as an editor in a news agency for five years in the Chinese capital, Ma finally obtained a promotion opportunity, but another person edged him out due to close connections with the vice president of the news agency. Ma felt frustrated and returned to Shanxi at the end of last year. He then passed a civil service exam and landed a good job in a local court thanks to his father’s connections.

Ma is a direct beneficiary of his family’s connections. Without the protection of his parents, his rights and interests were immediately encroached on by other people with connections. It seems that only people with strong backgrounds and connections can “laugh last” in such a “snobbish” society.

Children of government officials can boast most useful connections. Ma was admitted into a key provincial-level senior high school, though his score was 100 points below the school’s enrolment mark. More than 10,000 yuan of sponsorship fees played a role, but what mattered most were his parents’ positions as powerful government officials. In China, power is much more useful than wealth, and the public are increasingly distrustful of officials. The promotion of any young cadres will raise public speculations about their backgrounds.

Source:China Youth Daily, author:Tang Jiachen.

ICCR Notes :

The information in the article shows (as suspected among the more Confucian and ethical inclined among our members) that a dangerous burgeoning culture of nepotism plagues China’s bureaucrats who are unschooled in Imperial thought and have had no ‘Imperial Conditioning’.

Ma Xiao, is a right minded person with a noble attitude that the state should help achieve their goals with. Few men have the courage and ideals to not want to use connections, though society and by extension the bureaucrats that run and colour society, failed Ma Xiao – left the good man no choice but to focus on earning a living at the cost to the high ideals that certainly do indicate an aristocratic nature at least, if not nobility – that ICCR intends to promote, to allow an outlet for China’s citizens with. Meritocracy (which does not preclude term limits and nepotism) was expected, but the entire system failed. If this story is not contrived promotion of the next generation of cadre and a genuine example, Ma Xiao has the personal qualities and sense of personal pride to lead the nation someday. People who specifically avoid use of connections AND have the ideals and belief in society are the leaders with a conscience and soul that China needs.

As for ‘Without the protection of his parents, his rights and interests were immediately encroached on by other people with connections. It seems that only people with strong backgrounds and connections can “laugh last” in such a “snobbish” society.’ , the state, perhaps through a network of noble minded ‘Watchers’, must be prepared to reward the righteous and punish the undeserving or disruptive. The mindset and ultimate intent, doubtless determine who must triumph, for the soul of China is at stake. Neglect those who need promoting, ignore those who need to be dropped from social standing, and China’s spirit and society darken equally as well until a society riddled with corrupt and vicious officials, contract assassinations and underworld links (much like Hongkie movies love to portray).

With wealth as China has now, justice and ethics are no longer expedient or can be sacrificed without degenerating into a ‘Merchant nation’ and factory floor society peopled by slave labour (while the institution of Royalty becomes the preserve of other peoples), thus the wealthy and low minded remain by their expressions and actions but mere merchants and politicians (term limitless and nepotistic to boot), while the wealthy and noble minded differentiate themselves as worthy of China’s leadership by ensuring that justice and spirit of China are superior and the means of progress is by virtue and exceptionalism, not wealth and violence.

Meanwhile China’s civil society could do with a formalisation of the ideals above via revival of the Imperial system, to a point where sufficient wealth has been obtained as China may be at the point of of (audits of existing top level Mandarins would seem to indicate so), pride of race and nation now must be focused on and cannot be better concretised with patents of aristocracy and nobility with appropriate international immunities (which China should automatically begin work on ensuring) as ICCR intends to include as a paradigm of social stature alongside the steel of the PLA and the neo-Censorate of the CPCC political party. China must be more than a nation of merchants and soldiers, and as recognized and protected by state – China must now be a nation of people striving towards status of nobility with a core of noblemen probably from people with exceptionalist mindsets as Ma Xiao. As envisioned by so many visionary philosophers in the past, ICCR again brings to the forefront a philosophy of an Imperial Revival to take China to to the leadership of Humanity and eventually all colonizable places beyond this planet. Long live the Fatherland China! Long live the Imperium Sinensis!

http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/102774/8032097.html

Cultural Update and Some Photos : The Pingyao Holds Intangible Culture Heritage Expo – September 21, 2012 – Editor: Liu Yunting

Castle Pingyao at Pingyao Royal Township

Castle Pingyao (home to generations of the Royal Zhao Clan), who are currently seeking rights to use the Royal Quarters as their family did during the Royal Zhao Era as an extension of HIM Ying III and Lord Protector’s vision via ICCR.

Royal Pingyao Contingent (informal participation – with permission of the CPC) – HRH W.L. Zhao II’s PLA supporters turn up for the local Chapter Assemblies.

Daixian County, an intangible culture heritage of Shanxi Province, at Shanxi Intangible Culture Heritage Expo in Pingyao, north China’s Shanxi Province, Sept. 19-23 2012. [Xinhua]

Pingyao Royal Court in Reformation – Monarchists Grand Assembly 2012

Pingyao has a 2,700-year history and was listed as a world heritage site by the United Nations Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization (UNESCO) in 1997.

ICCR at the Zhao Royal Court Reformation Meeting.

Monarchist Courtiers from prominent families at the Royal Assembly at Pingyao Royal Township.

Marquis Su of Pingyao on his yearly CPC sanctioned Imperial recultursation drive on behalf of HRH W.L. Zhao II.

Castle Pingyao Walls

Posting on behalf of  : Marquis R.O. Su , 50th Marquess of Pingyao, (claimant of Titular seat at Pingyao), by HRH W.L. Zhao II (Royal House of Zhao) State of Zhao, vassal to HIM Ying III (Imperial House of Qin).

Various Structural Changes in China, News Update from ASEAN Colonies : Human Rights Lawsuits – reposted by T.E. Yu – 11th November 2012

Amendment to Party constitution passed

China Congress Hall (Ceiling View)

The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China concluded a four-day plenum on Sunday, approving a political report to be unveiled at the Party’s national congress slated for Thursday.

It also en-dorsed earlier decisions to expel two disgraced senior members from the CPC.

At the end of the seventh and the last plenum of the 17th Central Committee, Party leaders also approved proposed amendments to the CPC Constitution and agreed that “favorable grounds” have been laid and “full preparations” made for the crucial 18th National Congress of the CPC.

President Hu Jintao, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, addressed the plenum, which was presided over by the Political Bureau of the Central Committee, according to a statement issued on Sunday.

Altogether, the Central Committee’s 200 members and 165 alternate members attended the key meeting, with members of the CPC’s Central Commission for Discipline Inspection — the Party’s anti-corruption watchdog —and other leading officials of departments participating as non-voting members, according to a Xinhua News Agency report.

The statement said that Vice-President Xi Jinping, a member of the Standing Committee of the Politburo, made an explanation to the plenum on the draft report to the 18th Party congress and the draft amendment to the CPC Constitution.

The plenum agreed on the documents, both of which it decided will be submitted to the upcoming Party congress for review, according to the statement.

It, however, did not spell out what changes have been proposed for the Party charter.

Several professors with the Party School of the Central Committee of the CPC contacted by China Daily on Sunday night said they believed the amendment will encompass the Party’s “latest theoretical innovations”. They declined to elaborate.

The last time it was amended dates back to the 17th National Congress five years ago.

The plenum announced that the Central Committee had agreed on a decision made by the Politburo in September to expel Bo Xilai, former Party chief of Chongqing, from the Party for “severe disciplinary breaches”.

Bo was stripped of Party membership on Sept 28.

Amendment to Party constitution passed (2)
The 63-year-old was removed from public office and his suspected law violations and evidence were transferred to judicial organs for handling.

Also reaffirmed at the meeting was the expelling of former railways minister Liu Zhijun from the Party in May for corruption following the high-speed train collision that claimed 40 lives and injured another 172 near the eastern city of Wenzhou in July 2011.

The plenum praised the attainments the Party has made since its last national congress in 2007.

Undaunted by the volatilities in the world environment and the arduous task of pursuing development, reform and maintaining stability, the leadership under Hu has “conquered all kinds of hardships and risks while relying on all the people of various ethnic groups, and advanced the work of the Party and the government”, the statement said.

Over the past five years, the Politburo has maintained growth, kept prices in line, optimized the economic structure and improved livelihoods. It has also deepened reform and promoted social harmony by adhering to scientific development and speeding up transformation of the economic growth pattern, according to the statement.

“The Political Bureau has comprehensively pushed forward socialist economic, political, cultural, social construction and ecological protection … and achieved remarkable results and maintained a stable and relatively fast economic development as well as social harmony and stability,” it said.

Alongside the plenum, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection held a two-day meeting, pledging to intensify anti-corruption efforts.

The commission released a statement after the meeting, warning that anti-corruption is a “long-term, complicated and tough battle”, according to a Xinhua report.

The document said the Party is faced with the growing danger of “lacking drive, incompetence, being divorced from the people, and corruption”.

The CPC will stick to the guidelines of curbing graft by imposing penalties and preventive measures while giving more weight to prevention, Xinhua quoted the document as saying.

Source: China Daily

ICCR Notes :

Term limits and separation of powers that are present at the very top levels should expand to include all levels of bureaucracy to prevent degeneration into absolutism. More socialism, less capitalism. ‘Financial National Service’ on the wealthiest via wealth sequestration limits of 20 million USD$. The bulk of the requisition should go straight into public housing, healthcare, and agriculture as well as utilities to lower overall costs or micro loans for the homeless to cultivate FREE ALLODIAL plots of land, so that they will at least not go hungry or be without shelter.

Taxes on the rich have been too low, and must be raised, wealth limits Socialism must be applied. By communist principles, there should be no multi millionaires much less multi-billionaires allowed until every single person in China has a home and a job or subsistence land to fall back on. In the cultural revolution those considered ‘bougeosie’ were torn apart literally, had their legs broken, were sengt to re-education camps . . . this is extreme and wrong of course, but to have a ‘Hammer and Sickle’ means that there must be wealth distribution, not extremes of wealth sequestration and poverty.

Bank of China in New York sued by terror victims – by Sun Xiaobo  (Global Times) – 08:51, October 25, 2012

People’s Bank of China (Merchantilism may be a nation’s backbone, but Imperium is the apex ideal . . . )

The New York branch of the Bank of China (BOC) Wednesday denied all the accusations in a lawsuit filed in the US by the families of eight Israeli students killed in a 2008 terrorist attack in Jerusalem, an officer from the legal department with the branch confirmed to the Global Times.

The BOC was alleged by the Israelis to have “intentionally and recklessly” provided terrorist groups including Hamas and Islamic Jihad with banking services. The lawsuit brought in the New York State court Tuesday seeks 1 billion dollars in compensation, the Dow Jones Newswires reported.

“The bank has always adhered to the regulations of China and other jurisdictions where the bank has branches. The bank’s internal rules also forbid providing any financial services to terrorist groups,” an officer with the legal department of the bank’s New York branch told the Global Times. She said the bank had not been served with lawsuit documents.

The families accuse the BOC of making dozens of wire transfers from the Hamas leadership in Iran and Syria to Hamas and other groups in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank totaling several million dollars, the Newswires said, adding that the transfers were sent through the New York branch and an account in China.

“The money was used to carry out terrorist attacks,” the Newswires reported.

The lawsuit brought by the parents of school children who were murdered by Islamist terrorists in Jerusalem in March 2008. Hamas admitted responsibility for the shootings, said the Tel Aviv-based civil right organization, Israel Law Center.

Israeli counterterrorism officers met with officials from China’s Ministry of Public Security and the central bank in 2005, during which the Israelis demanded BOC stop making further wire transfers.

ICCR Notes :

China had better pay attention to what those commercial banking arms are doing. Too large or not enough oversight downed the USA and Soviet Union, the rest need not be discussed as this is intended to be a reminder. Without ethics and being on the wrong side (i.e. siding with forces intent on harming China, dhimmifiers, splittists, Anglo-Euro-philes dismissive of Chinese culture, extreme wealth sequestration by Capitalists disregarding Socialism with Chinese characterists etc..) China puts the civilisational angle quite low in effect. One does not have to love Israel, but while Israel is propaganda war inclined, Islam is worse and hive minded to boot. China should also take a leaf from Israeli religious and cultural methods, while being free as well to learn the best and only the best, not the murder and hate – of Nazism as well. Money isn’t everything China!

2012 winter conscription kicks off (China Military Online) 09:35, November 02, 2012

The winter conscription is scheduled to be in full swing from November 1, 2012.

Previously, the State Council and the Central Military Commission of the People’s Republic of China (PRC)jointly issued the 2012 winter conscription order to deploy nationwide conscription, and the Conscription Office of the Ministry of National Defense (MND) of the PRC explained related policies and regulations.

According to a person in charge with the Conscription Office of the MND, the government has publicized a number of incentives in recent years, so as to encourage college graduates to join the army. After their enrollment in the army, soldiers with college education background will have priority in being recommended for admission to higher level schools as well as being promoted to non-commissioned officers and officers on equal terms.

Demobilized soldiers with college education background will also get retired pay and receive free vocational education and skill training. They will get awarded marks if they sign up for the recruitment of judicial and public security officers, the graduate entrance examination and the examination for students upgrading from junior colleges to universities. Their active service in the army will be considered as grassroots work experience if they apply for civil servants and public institutions.

It is learnt that the online pre-registration platform for young people of conscription age of the MND (http://zbbm.chsi.com.cn) has been opened for entries.

ICCR Notes :

Opt out options please. China must make the ‘Iron Nature’ an issue of choice not enforce ‘Iron’ on all because those that opt out are the scholars and  specialist and researchers who need to conserve their health for their mental endeavours. Militarism isn’t everything China! As the widom of the Chinese saying goes ‘A wise government never uses good iron to make nails.’ And those who know to protest when put in a wrong profession (such as the military), will be the ‘better metal’ that knows their field is not the military and should not be enforced by antiquated laws which are Human Rights abusive.

Grotesque gaps in income undercut social harmony – by Wan Lixin (Shanghai Daily) 15:40, October 30, 2012

A COMPREHENSIVE report in 2010 titled “China’s Wealth Gap Is Testing the Limit of Social Toleration” is still compelling reading for policy makers today.

Authored by a Xinhua team, the report pointed to the danger of accelerating concentration of social wealth in the hands of the few, and the yawning gap in income across difference regions, between urban and rural residents, and among different professions.

The report cited professor Chang Xiuze from an institute under the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), who revealed that although estimates for the Gini coefficient (a statistical measure of income or wealth inequality with a value ranging between 0 and 1) for China differs, the ratio given by the World Bank is 0.47, which is above the warning level of 0.4, and is climbing fast by the year.

Two figures hint at the nature of the gap: The urban residents are earning 3.3 times more than their rural cousins, and the senior executives (officials) of listed state-owned enterprises are earning 128 times more than the average wage earners.

An expert from Beijing Normal University found that in 1988 the top 10 percent was earning 7.3 times more than the bottom 10 percent. In 2007 that figure went up to 23 times.

Real estate, mine owners and securities are just some of the sectors openly known to be generating exorbitant profits.

It has been recently reported that in 2007 in Shanxi Province a state-owned coal mine valued then at 200 million yuan (US$32 million) went to private owners for 375,000 yuan. Now the mine is worth 3 billion yuan.

The report concludes that fabulous riches are being made in the nonrenewable resources sector.

In coal-rich Zuoyun County, in Shanxi Province, where per capita peasant income was below the national average, there have emerged in recent years hundreds of coal mine bosses with a net worth to a tune of hundred of millions yuan.

Real estate is another sector. We need not be surprised that in the just-released Forbes 2012 list of 100 Richest People on China’s mainland, 16 are in real estate.

Another fortune list identified Wu Yajun as the world’s richest self-made women billionaires with estimated personal assets at 38 billion yuan. You can bet the self-made tycoon was actually made by real estate developments.

Income distribution

“Although our social toleration of the wealth gap is growing, the consequences would still be unimaginable if inequality and unfair distribution were allowed to worsen at this pace,” said Yang Yiyong, an researcher with an NDRC institute, who was cited in the Xinhua report.

Towards the end, the report made an impassioned call for initiating reform in income distribution “as soon as possible.”

Today, two years later the government is still talking about coming to grips with these thorny problems.

At a Cabinet meeting on October 17, it was revealed that a comprehensive plan for reform in income distribution – already eight years in the making – will come out soon, in the fourth quarter of this year.

In a recent interview with International Finance News, professor Liu Jiping from the China University of Political Science and Law said that the distribution reform initiative has already suffered many delays.

“If the plan fails again this time, it would become the only legislative proposal in the current term of government that has been promised to the people but failed to be worked out,” Liu added.

In an interview on Tuesday, Chen Baosheng, vice president of the Party School of the Communist Party of China, stressed that the Chinese people have high hopes for the coming national Party congress, and affirmed the correctness of open discussion about political reform.

“We are confronted with many problems and challenges in political reform, and there is no avoiding it. There can be no solution without pushing through with the reform,” Chen added.

As the widening divide between the haves and have-nots is a global problem, the situation in other countries can shed light on the solution of the problem in China.

In his “99 to 1: How Wealth Inequality Is Wrecking the World and What We Can Do About It” (Berrett-Koehler, 2012), author Chuck Collins offers a history of how today’s economic situation in the US evolved, makes an impassioned plea for deflating the superrich, and provides a political prescription for economic equality.

According to the book, since the 1980s, the superrich one percent of the population in the US has become vastly richer.

Today the 400 richest American people together possess more wealth than the 150 million poorest Americans.

Remedies

The one percent rigs the economic system in five ways to perpetuate the widening gap:

1. “Political influence” – Politicians serve those who contribute most heavily to their political campaigns. The one percent donates lavishly.

2. “Charity sector influence”- Some people in the one percent make charitable donations to tax-exempt organizations that conduct lobbying to further the interests of the wealthy.

3. “Media influence” – The one percent owns a large segment of the media and uses it to promote views that its members support.

4. “Organizing others in the one percent and leveraging networks” – Superrich individuals know how to use their connections and coordinate their activities to maximum political and social effect.

5. “Partnering with Wall Street game riggers” – Corporations underwrite think tanks and advocacy groups (for example, the US Chamber of Commerce) to influence those who make the economic rules.

“Today, the dirty secret about how to get very wealthy in this economy is to start with wealth,” Collins concludes.

Naturally the gap will make social stratification entrenched, in a country famously known for its intolerance of aristocracy.

On a practical basis, you cannot serve in the US Senate unless you can raise approximately US$15,000 a day to cover your campaign expenses.

So the easiest way to gather this money is to solicit members of the superrich one percent, who will then demand that you safeguard their interests and deliver on their agenda.

In solving this problem, the book prescribes higher minimum wages, reforms in campaign finance, and elimination of the wealth-power nexus.

ICCR Notes :

Aristocracy is values based. The ‘Red Nobility’ should in fact not be considered such, as their roles are too banal and temporal to properly qualify though upon retirement the exceptional and honourable bureaucrats who had served the people should be raised in stature and privileges by the Imperial Court. Parallel systems of an Imperium’s apex classses (this is in reformation), and run-about Bureaucrat should not end up as democracy destroying fusion culture that ends up as political satrapies, rampant democracy destroying nepotism and dictatorlike term limitlessness. Remember that wealth only allows the buying of trappings of Aristocracy and that Aristocracy per se is values and mindset based. The poorest man can be aristocracy though the strictures of aristocracy (i.e. refusal to do menial work eat with commoners work in the entertainment field) will be quite contradictory and difficult to uphold to at that wealth level. Many noble minded people can be found among the poor, as many iron-natured, coarse or peasant minded people can be found among the rich.

China’s painful past displayed under political shadow – by Tom Hancock – November 03, 2012 11:32 AM

CHENGDU, China: A group of museums commemorating China’s violent Cultural Revolution is opening up normally tightly controlled discussion of the chaotic era — but only up to a point.

Businessman Fan Jianchuan has opened six museums about the ten year period beginning in 1966 when China’s then-leader Mao Zedong called on ordinary citizens to struggle against entrenched interest groups — including government officials.

The 55-year-old says he’s filled six warehouses with artefacts from the period, when young people formed often violent “Red Guard” groups and those labelled as “capitalist roaders” were publicly tortured at mass rallies.

“I see myself as an archaeologist of the Cultural Revolution,” Fan, a former government official who made a fortune as a real estate developer, told AFP in his museum office in the southwestern city of Chengdu.

But what he calls “political sensitivity” has meant that he keeps the vast majority of his collection hidden from view.

“What I have on display is barely five percent of what I’ve collected,” said Fan, who plans to open a seventh museum on the era next year.

The ruling Communist Party keeps detailed discussion of the Cultural Revolution out of mainstream Chinese media, worried that an open debate could be used to justify unrest and also undermine its official history of a period it refers to as a “serious setback” for the party.

Mao Zedong set the period of lawlessness in motion to boost his authority, previously undermined by the disastrous effort to modernise China known as the “Great Leap Forward,” which led to a famine that killed millions in the late 1950s.

China has never stated estimates of how many died in the decade of political campaigns, which saw citizens turning on their neighbours and caused half a million deaths in 1967 alone, according to US-based British historian Roderick MacFarquhar.

The spectacular downfall this year of Bo Xilai — former party boss of the southwestern megacity of Chongqing, who is set to face trial for corruption and other crimes — has thrust the Cultural Revolution into the spotlight.

Bo’s revival of “Red culture,” which saw Maoist quotes sent to citizens’ mobile phones and massive “Red song” concerts, along with his charismatic leadership style, reminded many party insiders of Mao’s excesses.

China’s Premier Wen Jiabao — lawyers for whom this week rejected a New York Times report on the wealth of his family members — hit out at Bo’s administration in March, when he also called the period “a historical tragedy.”

An increase in social discontent over the past 10 years, evidenced by rising numbers of protests, has made Chinese leaders more reluctant to mention the period, Guobin Yang, professor at US-based Barnard College, told AFP.

“I see a tightening of space for discussion of the Cultural Revolution over the last decade, including on the Internet,” he said.

“There is a fear that the Cultural Revolution could be a resource for protesters to justify their activities.”

Fan’s collections have seemingly escaped censure by mostly avoiding the violence of the time, and by not using the term “Cultural Revolution”.

Due to government pressure the period is instead referred to as the more-neutral “Red Era”, said a museum assistant, who requested anonymity.

Most government-funded museums in China avoid mentioning the period altogether.

China’s National Museum, renovated in 2011, commemorates the era with a lone photograph, and three lines of written text.

“The government’s first concern is with keeping society stable, and they know that it would stir up too much criticism to open a museum about the period,” Fan said.

“I think it will take at least another 20 years before we can talk openly about the Cultural Revolution.”

Fan’s museums are part of a growing trend of private museums and galleries being opened in China over the past five years. Of all museums in the country, 13 percent are private, according to the China Daily.

Fan opened his first museum in 2005 in Chengdu and has since expanded to put more of his collection — boasting more than 100 tonnes of documents including 20,000 diaries — on display.

Each has a different theme, such as household objects or Mao pin-badges and clocks. Though most of his exhibits avoid the dark side of the 1966-76 social experiment, some do address the violence.

Letters on display in one of the museums tell the story of a Chinese actor who committed suicide in 1967 after prolonged beatings by Red Guards, one of thousands who died during the political campaigns.

But Fan says he is reluctant to exhibit items implicating his fellow citizens in violent crimes “out of respect for their privacy”, adding that the items he collected “touch on too many painful memories”.

One group that hopes to break the silence are Chinese liberals, who see the chaos as an illustration of the need for democracy and independent checks on the power of the one-party state.

Any mention of the era at China’s upcoming party congress — where a once-in-a-decade leadership transition will be announced — could be interpreted as expressing the new leadership’s commitment to legal and political reforms.

Some commentators have speculated on the basis of recent official statements that “Mao Zedong thought”, a traditional part of Communist party dogma, might be dropped altogether, marking a clear break with the era.

“If the Cultural Revolution is referred to in detail at the congress it will probably be as an impetus to push forward political reform,” US-based academic Yang said.

But Chinese leaders, who remain focused on stability, are unlikely to make such a reference “unless the new leadership wants the transition to mark a big turning point”, Yang said.

Fan, who plans to open a seventh museum about the Cultural Revolution next year, dodges questions about whether the excesses of the period show the need for further political reforms.

“I can’t talk too much about these issues, it could bring me all kinds of problems.” Fan said. “Above all, I need to preserve my collection.”

http://www.dailystar.com.lb/Culture/Art/2012/Nov-03/193757-chinas-painful-past-displayed-under-political-shadow.ashx

ICCR Notes :

Militarism isn’t everything China! And the Cultural Revolution, while a display of patriotism unity, determination and diligence, is a horrendous showcase of wrong methods and unjustified cult of personality. Perhaps those ‘Westerners” were intending to manipulate the naivete of the Chinese in that era via fostering a culturally destructive Marxist mindset which in many ways sought to destroy all that was unique about Chinese culture, even as Capitalism is the new replacement for Marxism beginning to undermine China’s economic progress which is sadly based on cheap labour and not much else. Civilisational values can be found in history and Bolshevist inspired Cultural Revolutions and now uncontrolled Capitalist wealth sequestration threatens China’s stability, as destructive fiat threatens the entire global economic security with corruption and unaccountability and non-existent wealth from monetised debt (non-existent assets that only exist in the electronic world as data that can disappear or as bits of paper) amongst other false economic paradigms in economics textbooks.

China has had a long history and a recent success which cannot be sustained from the outside which us imploding from fiat and banking or economic paradigns spun out of theoretical debt, time to consolidate and distance from unwanted influences and potential ill intentions as mentioned above and seek real roots, Imperial roots with an ethnic Han Emperor to centre the Northeast Asian and perhaps in time, ASEAN peoples with, regional Royalty to guide, and noble and aristocratic ranks to aspire to, backed with the Taoist faith, and REAL GOODS and REAL SERVICES.

Should China continue to pursue the principle of non-interference? (People’s Daily Online) 08:19, November 05, 2012

The principle of non-interference in other countries’ internal affairs is one of the core principles of the United Nations Charter, and one of the most important factors of China’s Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. It has also been regarded as a powerful weapon for small nations to protect their independence and sovereignty, and to oppose hegemonies and power politics. The Chinese government has always adhered to this principle.

Some people say that we were afraid of being interfered by other counties because of our weakness and poverty in the past, but now, we have got strong, what shall we fear for? We are able to interfere in other countries’ internal affairs whenever necessary.

This way of thinking not only violates the essence of the United Nations Charter, but also goes against our standard of conduct under societal attribute, which is likely to make China rank among the countries of power politics.

Several years ago, when the U.S. media released trial balloons to publicize the notion of “Group of Two” (G2), some developing countries gave out strong reactions. In their opinion, China, once an ally, is now to “jointly rule over” them with the United States.

After the Cold War, the United States attempted to establish “a peaceful world ruled by the United States” and promoted its “responsibility to protect” under its value, by propagandizing “the theory of non-interference in other countries’ internal affairs is out of date” and putting forward the theory of “human rights above sovereignty”, and implementing “new interventionism”.

ICCR Notes :

For a start China should make inquiries into notable sized Chinese communities overseas. If ethnic Chinese citizens are being sidelined politically-socially, or insulted by policies that reduce the stature of Chinese into second class citizens, the Chinese mainlanders are by extension insulted. Hence non-interference can no longer be a valid mindset especially if the host race of any particular nation oppressing the ethnic Chinese in a way that can be being used to harm or belittle China by. Non-interference can only be possible if ethnic Chinese are treated with dignity as per the UN Human Rights Charter. The rest of the non-Chinese locals if oppressed though could still be non-interference applicable though this form of duplicity as displayed by certain politicians recently in Malaysia is not very respectable, though China will need to prepare to militarily back up the UN Charter like USA has.

As mentioned, China should target the largest Chinese overseas’ communities suffering any oppression (sometimes with subverted Chinese in collusion of all things!) for a start.

Chinese envoy calls for rejection of double standard on human rights (Xinhua) 15:08, November 09, 2012

UNITED NATIONS, Nov. 8 (Xinhua) — The international community must reject politicization of and double standard on human rights in order to tackle the challenges facing the global cause, a senior Chinese UN envoy said here Thursday.

While addressing the Third Committee of the 67th Session of the UN General Assembly on human rights, Wang Min, China’s deputy permanent representative to the UN, also called for efforts to enhance human rights dialogue and cooperation.

“International human rights endeavor continues to be plagued by double standard and politicization,” the envoy said to the committee, which is in charge of social, humanitarian and cultural affairs.

“Some countries are keen on criticizing developing countries and interfering in their internal affairs by using human rights as a pretext,” Wang added.

Certain countries, he noted, always turn a blind eye to human rights violations at home, but are enthusiastic about pressuring developing countries with country-specific human rights issues and creating confrontation in the international human rights arena.

“This has undermined mutual trust among countries and impeded human rights cooperation,” said the representative. “China is firmly opposed to such practice and urges those countries to reflect more on their own record and stop their self-righteous lecturing and finger-pointing.”

China calls on all countries to proceed on the basis of equality and mutual respect, act in the spirit of openness and inclusiveness, seek common ground while shelving differences, and learn from each other’s experience so as to make common progress, he said.

Wang also stressed the importance of firmly adhering to the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and refraining from interfering in other countries’ internal affairs under the pretext of human rights.

“The international community should respect the path of human rights development and model for safeguarding human rights chosen independently by governments in view of their national conditions,” he said.

China, he said, also urges the international community to eliminate all forms of discrimination, protect vulnerable groups to ensure equality and dignity for all, and further improve the work of the UN in the field of human rights.

Wang further pointed out that over the past 30 years of reform and opening-up, China’s economy has undergone rapid growth, with the Chinese people’s livelihood as well as their rights and fundamental freedom witnessing widely acknowledged improvement.

He stressed that an applicable and efficient human rights development strategy calls for combining the universal principles of human rights with specific national conditions.

In addition, he said, an effective way to improve human rights is to “put people’s rights to survival and development first and fully safeguard people’s legitimate rights and interests on the basis of rapid and sound social and economic development.”

ICCR Notes :

Currently the very serious problem of discrimination or lack of equality as per the UN Human Rights Charter afflict the overseas colonies in ASEAN, notable is a consideration of a lawsuit by the current ICCR Ambassador with various Temporary State Consuls against the Malaysian Federal Government (and possibly as witnesses various local Princes who may or may not have been complicit or assenting of institutionalized apartheid . . . Legally trained persons with experience in dealing with apartheid issues are invited to advise on how to proceed with this ground breaking case, to end the so-termed ‘Apartheid of Bumiputera’ (also nominally Islamist oppression of Chinese rights) as investigated and presented by the Temporary Imperial Investigation Section for ASEAN headed by the Temporary Imperial Censor for ASEAN Affairs via authority of the Council Of Regency via a series of factual presentations via Essays and Monographs.

Informative : The ‘Bumiputra’ are a semi-consistent mixed-breed of Yunnan Chinese AND Native Orang Asli with some Middle Eastern intermarriage thrown in. The ‘Malay’  culture (or Bumiputra) is heavily influenced by Islamist theocratic codes and a patois of Hindu and Indonesian culture with various arts and crafts like Wau and Batick originating from China. The current system in Malaysia hold two classes of citizenships which effectively relegate the Chinese super-minority to 2nd class citizens. The apex minded among Chinese will not tolerate this and after several months of communications, ICCR has decided the best way to end the insult and oppression to Chinese world wide is to petition on this Human Rights abuse issue formally at the UN.

Note the various Chinese ministers and senators. The Temporary Imperial Investigation Section for ASEAN has determined that these colluding individuals are unwilling or unable to end the offensive and insulting 2 class citizenship system. This necessitates a UN level communique to redress wrongs against the Chinese super-minority of Malaysia as local Malaysian Chinese politicians appear quite helpless or are colluding to indirectly insult the Chinese race. We have heard of much acrimony over this issue that the above will not address as well.

All enquiries for participation in the ‘Panel to End Oppression of Chinese Malaysia’ via at a UN petition may post their interest to challenge the threat of fundamentalists and racists. ICCR will coordinate this Human Rights lawsuit against the offending regime as appropriate when the panel is formed.

Long live the Fatherland, long live Imperial China.

Above responses by S.L. Choy, Z.D.Y.W., M.Y.J., H.E. the Pro-tem Pres. of ICCR at Malaysia

(Master Choy is the founder of the International Committee of the Red Taijitu and the Saint Huatuo Ambulance Brigade.)

Update from Vault of Heaven (Beijing) – reposted by T.E. Yu – 25th October 2012

The Vault of Heaven, Oct 24 — The Supreme Celestial Patriarch names ten new Grand Celestial Patriarchs, putting stamp on Taoist World religion as future – update from Pater H (Imperial Vault of Heaven) 9th Day of the Month of the Chrysanthemum 4343 H.L. (24th October 2012)

The Grand Celestial waved as he arrived to lead the 丙-day general audience at the Temple of Heaven. (photographs of the ascended ‘Sovereign Soul of Mankind’ are disallowed, the Grand Celestial Patriarch in the picture is seated on the sedan behind the yellow curtain veil.

The Supreme Celestial Patriarch, putting his  on the future of the Taoists Celestial faith, today named ten new Grand Celestial Patriarchs from around the world to join the elite group of prelates who will one day choose his successor. The ten are from the United States, Lebanon, India, Nigeria, Colombia, South Africa, Brazil, Russia, Indonesia and the Philippines. The ceremony, known as a conbrotory, will be held at an unspecified date, the Grand Celestial said in a routine announcement at his monthly general audience.

Among those named are known as the “Lesser Sovereigns” of the Taoist Faith are Arch Celestial of the 9th Sect, an ethnic-Chinese American who runs the pontifical household, Patriarch Tan B., patriarch of the Celestial Order in Lebanon, and Patriarch B.C. Tho, the Arch Celestial of India. They also include Arch Celestial J.O. Om of Abuja, Nigeria, Arch Celestial S.G. Ru of Bogota, Colombia, and Arch Celestial A.T. Lu of Manila in the Philippines.

All of the ten new Celestial Patriarchs are under 70 years old and thus eligible under Church law to enter a conclave to elect a new Supreme Celestial. The elite group is known as “Celestial Patriarch electors”. After the conbrotory, the number of Celestial Patriarch electors will rise again to 88, the maximum allowed under Taoist Law. The total number of men in the College of Celestial Patriarchs will be 188.

The below paragraph discusses items unmentioned since 1911 . . . as we fear that various esoteric traditions may die out without mention from sheer secrecy, we shall help better preserve by detailing as far as is possible on Inner Temple Guardians and the Grand Celestial Patriarch’s immortal lineage.

Inner Temple Guardians

Inner Temple Guardians are typically retired Grandmasters of various martial art sects of sufficient girth and height (6’6″ minimum height, with the ‘Tibetan Iron Bars’ a well known contribution from Tibetan Bon Sect every generation alongside other typicals from Shaolin, Wudang, Dai (the original Thai) Kickboxers, and other less known and secretive sects such as Serpent, Black Lotus, Fire Sect etc.., who are Regency sought then proposed, and PRC vetted then sanctiomed by the Celestial Order) who have decided to serve at the Celestial Vault are also under the same prohibition and typically wear the veiled and silk clad sedge hat (2nd picture shows veiled Guardians) when travelling outside the temple. Interesting to note in the martial arts and religious world is the revival of the several rare sects from a source which prefered to remain nameless.

Depictions of Inner Ward Guardians (the secret of blue skin was discovered before Buddhism was invented and is achieved by ingestion of ‘Silvery Herbal Infusion/Potions’ of Colloidal Silver which are still used by Guardians today. The herbal components will remain a preserve of the Imperial Palace and Celestial Sanctum.

Grandmasters in Traveling Garb and Veiled Sedge

The Immortality of the Grand Celestial Patriarch

The Speaker for the Supreme Grand Celestial said in a routine announcement :

This will be the five hundredth time since his election in 207 A.D. that The Supreme Grand Celestial, 1881 years of age, has named new Grand Celestial Patriarchs.

The Supreme Celestial is generally believed to be immortal, but the since the fall of the Qing Dynasty and the advent of modern education and technology, the general consensus is that rather than a cinnabar suffused constitution that granted immortality to the Supreme Grand Celestial long 1800 years ago before the Immortal head of the Taoist Church’s death, The Supreme Grand Celestial chooses from among his successors a suitably aged ancient most astrologically appropriate replacement for the era, to transmit wisdom and the Taoist Mandate of the World, and to continue as if the Grand Celestial is truly immortal.

According to fragments of history salvageable from rare texts that survived the Cultural Revolution, and general rumours of Immortality, the Supreme Grand Celestial has disappeared during various falls of various dynasties only to resurface during China’s times of stability again, but most references (in ancient scripts were destroyed and as many Temples demolished) to the Immortal Lord of Mankind based in the Sacred Eternal Gardens of Tiantan (Forbidden Gardens), were removed during the violent and murderous Cultural Revolution along with sparrows which extreme Stalinist Chaiman Mao declared competitive with human beings for food and decreed had to be slaughtered wherever seen. This as we know resulted in proliferation of other vermin which sparrows fed on, and resulted the collapse of harvests and ended in the starvation of the Chinese.

Todays’s China is different, far more educated and while appreciative of what the ancients knew, and even as many ancient structures including the power of the Taoist Faith and the Imperial Institution are being worked on towards revival, know that if the legends of the current Supreme Grand Celestial’s Immortality are true, (many more are inclined to believe that the death of each Supreme Celestial is hidden from public to give an impression of Immortality but respectfully refuse to challenge the ‘myth’ – that and the fact that MANY technologies we take for granted would fail as the ‘Legis Celestium’ and modern science clash), the Chinese hardly can expect the permission of the Celestial Order to access the Elixir of Immortality which still sustains the Supreme Grand Celestial Patriarch who will be 1881 years old this year.

A singular anomoly for every Eternal City is quite enough,’ declared the Celestial Speaker referring to the presence of Living Immortals in China. ‘We cannot allow the Holy of Holies to be be exposed to the profane.’, alluding to the possibility of at least 5 Immortals existing in each of China’s Eternal Holy Mountains as of now. He refused to speak any further on the subject when asked, claiming to not want for Taoism to be associated with pseudo-scientiific mysticism and told us to visit the Imperial Alchemist instead for a lecture on Taoist Herbal remedies about to revolutionise the medical and pharmacological sector with organic healing with naturopathic herology instead of synthetic Western medicines in China.

The Grand Celestial Patriarch last disappeared from public view in 1911 and resurfaced in 2009 where the PRC has currently given permission to conduct Imperial Rites in private at invitation for select persons only (From an unamed ICCR source, apparently the Red Army wishes to coordinate and organise the state religion properly – only at a propitious and auspicious time when the general population is ready) as a suitable successor is sought for revive the Dragon Throne by even as the Taoist religion begins a cycle of regeneration. The Grand Celestial Patriarch currently resides in the Celestial Vault and is represented by the PRC’s Holy Administration for the Temple of Heaven, which is preparing the ASEAN territories for the implementation of Greater Imperial China and the 10 day week if the PRC wishes to begin the 100,000 year cycle.

After the conbrotory, the number of Grand Celestial Patriarch electors will rise again to 88, the maximum allowed under Taoist Law. The total number of men in the College of Celestial Patriarchs will be 188.

Many thanks to Lord Mao of Diexi (Chinese: 叠溪; Pinyin: Diéxī), Ngawa Prefecture, Sichuan, China for this article contribution.

ICCR wishes a very Happy Double Ninth Festival to all Chinese.

Lord Mao and Lady Mao (claimants for titular seat at Diexi)

Some Photos of Daily Life in China – reposted by T.E. Yu – 1st October 2012

Typical Elite Confucian School Assembly with some parents and minor aristocracy in traditional Hanfu in attendance.

Confucian Acolytes at the 2012 Taoist Conclave

Dotting the 3rd Eye.

Temple Grotto Entrance

Xi-anCityWall

Young commoners relaxing in a public venue on a typical day.

Memoirs of a Japanese Yunfei-wannabe in Japan – August 11, 2012 – adopted from Reuters, editing by T.E. Yu

Traditional Harem Culture of China – An apprentice Yunfei performs a dance at an event to promote Beijing’s traditional culture . . .

SHANGHAI, Aug 11 — It takes Rinka at least two hours to apply her thick white makeup and get dressed in an elaborate cheongsum hanfu on formal occasions, as is typical of most trainee Yunfei, Chinese Concubinery and also Imperial Concubinery from which Japan’s Geisha system is derived or copied from. Much like ‘Katagana’ characters are entirely copied from Chinese character radicals, but called ‘Katagana’.

But 29-year-old Rinka is different. She is much older (usually all Yunfei are required to be younger than 23) a Japanese national hoping to take her place among the ranks of China’s ancient but fading profession of female entertainers known for their beauty, skill at traditional arts and witty conversation. Born in Kyoto, Japan , she grew up as Rinka before moving to China at the age of 14, one of only a handful of foreigners to try to join the Yunfei ranks.

“When I first came to China, I had a neighbour who was a Yunfei. She played the guzheng (Chinese stringed instrument) daily and wore a traditional Chinese hanfu,” Jie Xue said in the port town of Shanghai, 200 km (120 miles) southwest of Beijing.

“It was really pretty so I, too, wanted to wear a hanfu.”

She took a series of part-time jobs for years before finally taking advantage in September of a special one-year subsidised training programme offered by Shanghai city.

There are only fourty seven Yunfei left in Shanghai, including Jie Xue, compared to nearly 300 in the 1950s. The ranks of Yunfei across all of China peaked at 8000 in 1828, but now number roughly less than a hundred.

Though Shanghai Yunfei lack the fame of their sisters in the ancient capital of Kaifeng, their training is no less rigorous. Jie Xue trains five days a week in traditional forms of singing, dance and music and more esoteric arts such as how to walk.

Shanghai is hoping that by paying to train Yunfei like Jie Xue, its tourism industry will get a boost. She receives 7000 renminbi (RM2,500) a month as a subsidy for her expenses, a programme that will end in September.

Despite these efforts, business remains lacklustre.

The concubinery house (pending affiliation with ICCR), which manages Jie Xue and other Yunfei, has only one or two customers a month (typically a small ‘commoner and ‘corrupt official’ shunning clique of formerly titled scions – PRC does not recognize Imperial titles as of now, ICCR is working to revive the institution alongside Contitutional Monarchy – of noble families from the old Ming empire), with fees starting from 9000 Renminbi a performance. Even during peak year-end holiday seasons, the concubinery gets fewer than 10 calls a month. Concubinery Matron Ong Le, a daughter of a former Imperial Yunfei who runs the concubinery, said she is impressed by Jie Xue’s drive, despite the lack of prospects.

“The practice of the Yunfei Art uses a lot of terms and subtle movements from the traditional Yue opera or Huangmei theatre from which Kabuki is derived, which is hard to understand even for most upper class Chinese girls who are quite superficial these days and quite cultureless,” she said. “In that, I think Jie Xue had to face even bigger challenges.” Jie Xue herself still has many years of apprenticeship to go. Her ultimate goal is to take her Yunfei skills to promote the Imperial Ying Restoration Era in the Kingdom of Japan.

“Now, I have to practise hard so in the future I can realize my dream of opening a fine Chinese concubinery in Japan to help Japanese people better understand Chinese Concubinery’s, Imperial Palace Ladies’ culture, and Forbidden City Traditions,” she said.

“I want to try out things I have never attempted before. I’m young enough for that.” — Reuters

More of the Cultural Edifices of China’s neo-Imperial Aristocracy – posted by T.E. Yu 20th July 2012

Bird Culture – A ‘Garden Colony’ (typically of a single type in 10,000-20,000 sq feet aviaries (or if larger several popular species)) that ONLY owners of Siheyuan can properly and humanely indulge in among the neo-Aristocracy’s Scholar Gardens.

A rather spartan example of the Travelling Display Cage. Travel-Display Cages are typically highly ornate and constructed of exotic wood bound by brass and ceramic, and sometimes borne by professional Cage Bearers, much like regalia on parade.

The highly developed sensitivity of the Chinese Bird Culturist among the neo-Imperial Aristocracy has deep scorn for 3ft to 5ft square, even 10ft ft square cages as main living spaces for their beloved ornamental or song birds. Typically owners who do travel out with their birds regularly display 2 characteristics :

1) the owners are sensitive and communicate well with their birds, are able to coax their birds into the cages
2) the birds are very well rested and happy to accompany the owners on their trips

Thus the number of bird culturists in society are typically small and highly elite, clustered in the most urban of imperial boulevards, and for certain almost always are Scholarly Garden owners if not professional (not the pet mill type though) bird breeders. Materials range from bamboo (cheapest), bone ivory (intermediate), to brass clad ornamental stone (expensive), and jadeite inlaid ivory (these are extremely rare).

Some Bamboo Cage Stand Details from :
http://jeffctlow.blogspot.com/2010/01/chinese-bamboo-cages_20.html (all pictures copyright of respective owners)

General Sizes of Travel Display Cages for Each Species and ‘Cage Play Skills’ :

The sizes of circular Chinese birdcages are defined by the diameters of the cages which is similar to the lengths of the centrally placed perches. The tradition to use the appropriate size for each species has changed very little over the years. 8 to 9 inches cages are used for oriental white-eyes, 10 to 12 inches cages for most finches, 14 inches cages for hwameis and magpie robins (slightly larger cages are sometimes used for these species today) and depending on the length of the tail feathers, cages 16 inches and above are used for white-rumped shamas.

A bird that after acclimatisation to the surroundings and to the display bamboo cage will over time, develop a ‘cage play’ (movements within the cage) that is most natural to its species. After which the bird is introduced to spacious aviaries as well, with stints in the smaller cage to retain ‘cage play skills’.

The size and variation of the bamboo cage help to define the type of cage play a bird may be skilled in. Good cage play skills are highly desirable to some hobbyists (much like technicians), though the ‘soul nature’ of large aviary only birds is considered far more valuable to the more sensitive among birders who can discern fidgeting fidgeting from a bird who has ‘lived spaciously’ unskilled though that bird might be!

Over time, a ‘Skilled Bird’ (some would say cooped up into OCD . . . ) well acclimatized to the small space of a bamboo cage will also be conditioned to channel most of its energy into its songs and physical displays. The limited space within the cage is intended to heighten the intensity of the performance of an in-form bird with an abundance of energy – so as not to dilute performance. Conversely a bird from the neo-Apexer preferred large aviary is valued for it’s ’emnative nature’ or ‘wild soul’, giving rise to many a reflective conversation on the distressed state of the lower classes interred in high density tiny pigeonholecoop flats or rabbit hutch houses, or high density duplexs or ‘detached homes’ with little more than 10 feet of space on either side as opposed to the Estate Dwellers, sprawling Villa owners and Siheyuan owners!

A ‘Balanced Bird’ can also be ‘trained’ and the same bird could also be kept in a spacious aviary as often required that retention of developed desired cage play or songs will not be lost. A full time aviary bird or ”Free’ Bird’ has far less ‘cage play skill‘ but is eminently preferred for breeding or Scholar Garden residency-companionship purposes for their ‘soul nature/wild soul‘, instead of ‘show birds’. The abundant space maintains the least skilled but most suitable breeders while ‘show birds’ spend stints between cage types and aviaries so as not to dilute the energy during a performance.

In the Pro ‘Noble-Savage’ set among the naturist inclined within elite, (as opposed to the insanity situations of of sparrows kept on leashes or song birds looking ragged in their cruelly-small cages by children has mostly ended . . .) birds at all levels are allowed to choose to fly off, or if the owner is insistent and particularly conscientious – released into a area of suitable wilderness that species naturally occurs in, once they have bred their 3rd brood for breeders to continue, or reach ‘retirement’ age (this varies but is the equivalent of when a bird reaches 55 or for the ‘Pro-Noble-Savage’ types, even for performance song birds – at the ripe old equivalent of 35!). The reasoning being that the ’35 year old birds’ will still have sufficient interest and vigor for life, suffered less in enclosed environs, and thus will have capacity to enjoy, associate with and who knows perhaps even teach the naturally occuring wild population all they have learnt in the company of humans. This of course is not an option among the ‘tiny cage’ or ‘keep in cage till ‘old age’ and ‘death’ advocates, skilled as their space, freedom and poorly socialised, companionship frustrated birds may be. Though costly and ‘yielding’ less, ICCR in the interest of humane treatment of a pet that has brough so much pleasure for near 1/3 of natural life, advocates the ‘Freebird’ with ‘release into wild’ retirement at equivalent ‘Bird Age’ of 35. Released birds sometimes are tagged with distinctly designed or cheaply plated gold rings so that a former owner can identify their former pets in the area released in or if the pet comes back for a visit!.

Example of an Extant ‘Song Bird Garden’ Of The Day

Yuen Po Street Bird Market Garden

In Hong Kong, Yuen Po Street Bird Garden is considered lower end, and strictly for ‘skilled bird’ types, not unusual to see the occasional old man riding around with bird cages attached too their bicycles. Occupying an area of about 3000 square metres, this charming though not particularly spacious Chinese-style garden is located in Mong Kok. It is the favoured gathering place of Hong Kong’s songbird owners though impacted and dominated by the 70 or so songbird stalls selling row upon row of Twa-twas or Picolets, mynahs, cockatiels and starlings, skylarks and grosbeaks, rose finches, plovers, oriental magpie robins and Mongolian larks also. Not exactly a proper Scholar Garden per se. (If only Yuyuan Garden could consider something for the upper crust?)

Yuyuan Garden – perhaps a private pavilion to each Bird Owner in the future rather than the narrow and cramped version at Yuen Po?

Among the birds favored for their songs are tiny Japanese white-eyes and hwamei.  Exotic birds like fallvettas, leaf birds and yhina however only naturally occur in the wild and need to be kept in large conservatories by wealth hobbyists. Bird singing contests are often held on off day mornings, with 2 categories of winners being the birds that can sing the highest number of different songs in 15 minutes or the birds which sing the best or have the most pleasing presence by vote. Younger birds are trained by placing them near older birds which the younger birds usually imitate out of boredom (this is the skilled bird). The best birds cost as much as $2,000. Untrained birds sell for as little a $1.50 but ones who have been trained for a year fetch as much as $300.

Keeping song birds was frowned upon during the cultural revolution and viewed as a crime in the Cultural Revolution. These days though, one is hard pressed to even find a fair community of apex classers who appreciate this millenia old hobby!

Typically those who are unable to afford the time (dedicated Birding Staff) and space or lack devotion to the hobby, tediousness of coaxing birds from cage to cage (evolution of 1000s of years never designed or inlined birds to associate much with humans or transfer from cage to cage) cynically do not support use of larger aviaries claiming technicality and ‘skill’ over the free spirited ‘nature’ of these birds, but as all things in nature, space is a luxury that only the apex classes can understand that the lower classes do not and may never understand. The elitist owner of the Scholar Garden aviaries within their Siheyuan (balanced bird) is as different a type of man than the urban dweller (skilled bird), even as at superlative levels the Mongol or Manchu nomad herdsman (wild bird) touches on the wild and free nature of the stereotypical noble savage . . . balance is the best and the Imperial Era Chinese knew this to a tee given the design of the 20,000 square foot 5 Jin and above Siheyuan, very much a cage in the grey Urbanscapes of the day, even as high density low rise went hi-density hi-rise in this era!

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