This year 2012 is the 40th anniversary of the normalization of diplomatic relations between China and Japan. But the Diaoyu Islands issue makes this year different, says an article in Beijing Youth Daily.
The dispute over the Diaoyu Islands created headaches for both countries 40 years ago as well. That’s why both sides agreed to solve the problem prudently in 1972, when diplomatic relations between China and Japan were normalized.
Deng Xiaoping advocated the suggestion to “suspend dispute, develop jointly” when both countries inked the friendship treaty in 1978. China has followed this suggestion ever since for the long-term development of bilateral relations.
Forty years ago, the elder generation of statesmen from both countries overcame great difficulties and made the strategic decision, which has proved to be significant for the normalization of bilateral diplomatic relations. Their decision is based on the common interests of both peoples.
Today, leaders of both countries should inherit the political wisdom and draw lessons from their predecessors to act smartly and responsibly.
The friendship today between China and Japan is extremely valuable. Both sides should pay special attention to care for it. Sensitive issues, such as the Diaoyu Islands dispute, are crucial tests for both sides.
If the hard-won bilateral friendship is harmed by any individual politician’s personal benefits, the loss for both nations will definitely outweigh their personal gains and waste the previous efforts of both peoples.
ICCR Notes :
This will be a short war between both countries that will not escalate if China does not push into Japan proper and stops after control of Diaoyu Islands is controlled, or if Japan does not get USA in to help Japan militarily. If the latter happens, then WW3 occurs as Russia will enter as well as the Kurils will be next if Diaoyu falls. All ‘WW3 potential’ parties should let China and Japan sort this out – a nice little war ending with Diaoyu being ceded seems tolerable yes? Extreme technology not-withstanding (dirty bombs or sneaking in poisonous (Kobe beef? Addictive substances included?) or nanotech saturated (mind drones?!?)food to Hong Kong does not count), Japan should just stop claiming what was established during the Yuan Period or else face an embarassment from China’s military pushback if the unchallengeable titanium clad historical pushback fails to appeal to Japan’s common sense. This is a localized regional claim that (also equidistance consideration-wise being so very much nearer to China) Japan cannot win even an ethical stance and should just preserve the peace for. Japan in fact could build their own fisheries and artificial islands instead of ride on the back of WW2’s failures.
In fact Liúqiú Islands (Ryukyu) which was a sovereign territory which was controlled by a tiny Kingdom with their own Royalty that chose Imperial China as Sovereign under vassalship, was forcibly occupied and controlled by Japan when China was at the weakest during the Manchu Invasion against the Ming Dynasts. Clearly Japan did not respect the Liqiu Monarch’s wishes and took advantage of the Ming era Manchu invasions, to bully and abuse China’s CONSENSUAL vassals, even dare claim control of the same even today! Japan’s factions who today wish to claim Ryukyu have no ethics or historical understanding!
Early History of The Liuqiu Kingdom (Ryukyu) and its Relationship with China and Japan
The history of the Liuqiu Kingdom Kingdom previous to the Meiji Restoration provides a depiction of an island kingdom that maintained a high degree of national sovereignty that was eventually shattered by colonial domination by Japan’s Satsuma-han in the 17th century. From the earliest times, the Liuqiu Kingdom Kingdom occupied a privileged position to the south of Japan due largely to its trade and cultural links with China. Despite the fact that Japan had exercised brief contacts with the kingdom from the 7th to the 9th century, Japan’s attempts to interfere with Liuqiu Kingdom’s domestic affairs virtually disappeared until the 17th century.
Until that time, the Liuqiu Kingdom Kingdom maintained it’s strongest economic and cultural ties with China as a vassal kingdom subject to and protected by the Imperium, and remained in somewhat constant contact with the Asian continent, through China. From the 14th century on, the Liuqiu Kingdom Kingdom developed a tributary relationship with China, which while symbolically signifying the Liuqiu Kingdom Kingdom’s status under China (as demonstrated in a pledge of loyalty made by the Liuqiu Kingdoman King to the Chinese Emperor) basically maintained the Liuqiu Kingdom Kingdom’s independent status as a nation.
In typical Chinese style, in no way did China’s Imperials seek to interfere in Liuqiu Kingdom’s domestic affairs, but merely sought to maintain cordial relations with the kingdom (which by the 16th century had consolidated all of the islands in the archipelago under centralized monarchical rule, with it’s capitol at Shuri castle on the island of Okinawa). China’s preeminent status had several key implications for the people of Liuqiu Kingdom. Even then in 1765 Japanese maps detailed the region as Chinese controlled :
It provided legitimacy to the Liuqiu Kingdom Monarchy, and also established the manner in which Chinese ethics and cultural customs eventually entered into the Liuqiu Kingdom. Most importantly, however, it’s status as a tributary allowed the Liuqiu Kingdom Kingdom access to trade with China, which would serve to boost the Liuqiu Kingdoms status in terms of mercantile affairs.
The most significant change in status for this time period came in 1609 with the invasion of the Liuqiu Kingdom by the Satsuma-han of Japan. In this time period, Satsuma took control of the Liuqiu Kingdom from the Liuqiu Kingdom monarchy, and placed the northern islands of Amami under direct Satsuma rule, while allowing the rest of the kingdom to remain under a sort of semi-colonial jurisdiction. In many ways, the experiences of the Amami islands differed vastly and far more harshly from the rest of the kingdom. The Amami islands (part of present-day Kagoshima Prefecture) quickly became integral to the growth of Satsuma’s economy and consequently to it’s growth in military strength. With the rapid introduction of the sugar cane industry into the islands and the increasing harshness of Satsuma domain’s leadership in extracting labor from the residents there, islanders underwent a period that they refer to as “Sato jigoku,” or “Sugar Hell.” Through this period of time, they were quickly integrated into Satsuma-han, as a part of Japan.
The rest of the Liuqiu Kingdom, however, was able to maintain some appearances of sovereignty despite the nature of their domination by the Satsuma domain. For the most part, the Sho dynasty, which had previously ruled the Liuqiu Kingdom, was able to remain intact along with its administrative structures. This occurred largely because it was in Satsuma’s political and economic trade interests to keep up the pretense that the Liuqiu Kingdom was still an independent nation. Since the Liuqiu Kingdom had been able to maintain economic trade relations with China, and Japan had broken off those same relations, Satsuma had a vested interest in keeping up Liuqiu Kingdom trade activities with China in order to economically prosper. To that end, the colonialised Liuqiu Kingdom proved indispensable, since by practicing the deception that the Liuqiu Kingdom was still an independent nation free from Japanese control (think Manchuria and the puppet Qing, Japan loves to bahave in this manner), Satsuma was able to use the Liuqiu Kingdom as a means in which to trade Japanese goods with China. Thus, the situation for the Liuqiu Kingdom proved especially cynical, since it remained in Satsuma’s best interests to keep the Liuqiu Kingdom as an independent nation (at least on the surface), while in the Amami islands, Satsuma favored complete integration of the islands into it’s territory.
This relationship, however, changed with the arrival of the western colonial powers, as personified in the arrival of Commodore Matthew Calbraith Perry’s “Black Fleet” in 1854. Stopping first in Okinawa before heading to Tokyo Bay, the Americans that Perry represented became the first colonial threat that Japan was forced to deal with after hundreds of years of isolationism. Faced with this threat, Japan felt the need to take several steps in order to protect itself from colonial encroachments, as had been seen in places like China, “Indochina,” and any of the other colonized Asian nations. Japan quickly embarked on an ambitious program to develop internally on the model of the modern western nation-state. Towards those ends, Japan began a rapid process of industrialization, heightened its sense of national unity, and solidified its borders. In order to learn how to engage in this process of modernization, Japan sent a number of delegations to various western nations to learn from their models, but sadly enough, they learned these lessons at the tail end of the main period of outright western imperialism, and unfortunately learnt the worst and quickly latched onto the military threat backed model of colonialist expansion and empire building.
The Ying Imperial Restoration Era (circa 2009-????)
The Ying Restoration Era which began in 2009, could well see a revival of the Liuqui Kingdom that the world would doubtless be invited to witness. So who needs Japan trying AGAIN to abuse the territorial rights of another country? There is neither logical not ethical basis given the history of relations between the 3 parties above (Rightful Suzerain Imperial China, bullying Kingdom of Japan taking advantage of Manchu invasions in the 15th, and the vassal Kingdom of Liuqiu which CHOSE China as suzerain). The Liuqius were FORCIBLY COLONIZED by Japan, even though it was clear the Liqius wanted China as a suzerain NOT Japan, and by this only China and a revival of the Dragon Throne under Constitutional Monarchy for China can properly represent Liuqiu’s status, dignity and freedom and who knows a seat on the UN if not re-assimilation into neo-Imperial China, even as the 9th Throne is invited to complete the neo-Imperial ASEAN circle of Eastern Thrones . . .
Diaoyu is thus unacceptable for claim by Japan much less Liuqiu be considered under Japanese control! We propose a census survey by neutral parties and Liuqiu’s descendants to affirm the Liuqiu citizens’ response to the above, doubtless, the Liuqiu residents and descendants of Liuqiu’s Royal House, will want either Chinese protection or independence and a UN seat for their newly independent Kingdom, not Japanese control (simply because Japan is 66.8 times smaller, has forcibly occupied Liqui in the past, has a military 100s of times smaller, and who knows Japan is already severely irradiated but keeping quiet . . . Japan is a poor choice as opposed to China’s massive scale and generally enlightened if not chaotic Socialist system), which Japan mercilessly and disrespectfully forcefully enforced with violence or threats of violence in 1609!
As ICCR envisions, perhaps the Liuqui Kingdom could well also be revived alongside the Constitutional Monarch under H.I.M. Ying III being lobbied for. The descendents, commoners and royalty of the Liqius should make haste to reclaim their rightful spaces and lands against Japan’s unjustifiable claims.